- San Juan County, Washington
Infobox U.S. County
county = San Juan County
state = Washington
map size = 250
October 31, 1873
seat = Friday Harbor | area_total_sq_mi =621
area percentage = 71.84%
census yr = 2000
pop = 14077
web = www.sanjuanco.com
San Juan County is a
countylocated in the U.S. stateof Washington, composed of most of the San Juan Islands. It is named after San Juan Island, which was named after St. John the Baptist("San Juan Bautista") by its European discoverer, Spanish explorer Francisco de Eliza, in 1791. As of 2000, the population is 14,077. The county seat is at Friday Harbor on San Juan Island, which is also the county's only incorporated city.
San Juan County was created out of Whatcom County on
October 31, 1873.cite web | title=Milestones for Washington State History — Part 2: 1851 to 1900|url=http://www.historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=5380| date=March 6, 2003|publisher= HistoryLink.org] It is the smallest of Washington's 39 counties in land area.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 621
square miles (1,609 km²).Of this, 175 square miles (453 km²) of it is land and 446 square miles (1,156 km²) of it (71.84%) is water. The highest point in the county is Mount Constitutionon Orcas Island at 2,407 feet (734 meters) above sea level.
San Juan Islands
Strait of Georgia
Strait of Juan de Fuca
There are 743 islands in the San Juan Island chain. Most of the population lives on the largest four, listed here from largest to smallest geographical area.
Orcas Island(147.37 km²/56.9 sq mi)
San Juan Island(143.23 km²/55.3 sq mi)
Lopez Island(76.40 km²/29.5 sq mi)
Shaw Island(19.94 km²/7.7 sq mi)These islands are the only four San Juan Islands served by the Washington State Ferries.
San Juan comprises a total land mass of 179 square miles. It is the smallest of Washington's 39 counties. San Juan County is a cluster of approx. 200 islands (172 of which are named.)The main ones are San Juan, Orcas, Lopez, and Shaw Islands. It has rugged mountainous terrain that is both steep and rocky.
Whatcom County, Washington- northeast
Skagit County, Washington- east
Island County, Washington- southeast
Jefferson County, Washington- south
Clallam County, Washington- south/southwest
It also shares a western border with the Capital Regional District,
British Columbia, Canada.
San Juan Island National Historical Park
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 14,077 people, 6,466 households, and 4,015 families residing in the county. The population densitywas 80 people per square mile (31/km²). There were 9,752 housing units at an average density of 56 per square mile (22/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.99% White, 0.26% Black or African American, 0.83% Native American, 0.89% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 0.91% from other races, and 2.04% from two or more races. 2.40% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 16.7% were of English, 15.0% German, 11.6% Irish, 5.7% United Statesor American, 5.4% French and 5.0% Norwegian ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 6,466 households out of which 22.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.80% were married couples living together, 6.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.90% were non-families. 30.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16 and the average family size was 2.65.
In the county, the population was spread out with 19.10% under the age of 18, 4.50% from 18 to 24, 21.70% from 25 to 44, 35.70% from 45 to 64, and 19.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females there were 95.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.00 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $43,491, and the median income for a family was $51,835. Males had a median income of $36,250 versus $26,516 for females. The
per capita incomefor the county was $30,603. About 6.00% of families and 9.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.40% of those under age 18 and 3.10% of those age 65 or over.
San Juan county has the highest per capita income in the state of Washington. Deer Harbor, located in the county, has a per capita income exceeding $100,000. On the contrary,
Waldron Islandis generally considered one of the most impoverished areas in Washington, with about 56% of people living in poverty,The majority of the county is served by San Juan Island EMS. http://www.sanjuanems.org
San Juan County is an affluent area with a politically
left of centerlean. The only area to vote for George W. Bushin 2004 was the Decatur Island/ Blakely Islandprecinct, with just over 50 votes. On the opposite extreme, Waldron Island's precinct gave 96.5% of the vote to John Kerry. In 2006, all precincts gave a majority vote to Maria Cantwell, the Democratic Senatorcite web | last = Leip | first = David| title=2006 Senatorial General Election Results - San Juan County, WA |url=http://www.uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/statesub.php?year=2006&fips=53055&f=0&off=3&elect=0| date=2005]
* The San Juan Islands were disputed territory between England and the United States from 1846-1872, leading to the
Pig Warin 1859.
* [http://www.co.san-juan.wa.us/ San Juan County] , county government website
* [http://www.islandguardian.com/index.html The Island Guardian] , Online news
* [http://www.sanjuanupdate.com/ San Juan Island Update] Online news
* [http://www.guidetosanjuans.com/ Guide to San Juans] , local
chamber of commercewebsite with tourist information
* [http://www.sanjuansites.com/map/San%20Juan%20Island%20Map.asp High Quality Interactive Map of the San Juan Islands]
* [http://www.desticam.com Live images of the San Juan Islands]
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Look at other dictionaries:
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