Karamay


Karamay

Infobox Settlement
name =Karamay
official_name =
other_name =
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settlement_type =Prefecture-level city
total_type =
motto =
translit_lang1=Chinese
translit_lang1_type=Traditional
translit_lang1_info=克拉瑪依
translit_lang1_type1=Simplified
translit_lang1_info1=克拉玛依
translit_lang1_type2=Pinyin
translit_lang1_info2=Kèlāmǎyī
translit_lang2=Uyghur
translit_lang2_type=Uyghur
translit_lang2_info=قاراماي شەھرى


imagesize = 220px
image_caption = View of Karamay


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mapsize = 220px
map_caption = Location in Xinjiang


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pushpin_map_caption =Location in China
pushpin_mapsize =220
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = China
subdivision_type1 = Region
subdivision_name1 = Xinjiang
subdivision_type2 =
subdivision_name2 =
seat_type = City seat
seat = Karamay District
parts_type = Subdivisions
parts_style =
parts = Districts
p1 =Karamay
p2 =Baijiantan
p3 =Dushanzi
p4 =Uroho
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area_total_km2 =9252
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population_as_of =2002
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population_total =290000
population_density_km2 =auto
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population_blank1_title =Major Nationalities
population_blank1 =Han - 75%
population_density_blank1_km2 =
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timezone = China Standard
utc_offset = +8
timezone_DST =
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coor_type =
latd=45 |latm=30 |lats= |latNS=N
longd=85 |longm=55 |longs= |longEW=E
postal_code_type =Postal code
postal_code =834000
area_code =0990
blank_name =GDP
blank_info =¥15.482 billion in total; ¥53,000 per capita (2003)
blank1_name =License Plate Prefix
blank1_info =新J
website =http://www.klmy.gov.cn
footnotes =
Karamay or Kelamayi (also: "Karamai") ( _ug. قاراماي|Qaramay|K̡aramay; zh-cp |c=克拉瑪依 |p=Kèlāmǎyī, Wade-Giles: K'o-la-ma-i) is a prefecture-level city in the north of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, in northwestern China. Karamay comes from the Uyghur language, and means "black oil". Karamay was the site of one of the worst disasters in modern Chinese history, the 12/8/94 incident, when 324 people, 288 of them school children, lost their lives in a cinema fire on 8 December 1994. [ [http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/asia/article1752202.ece China aghast at ‘sacrifice’ of 288 pupils] , "The Sunday Times", May 6, 2007.] Population (2002): 290,000.

Geography

Karamay is located in the Dzungarian basin.

Climate

Karamay has a dry and hot summer climate. The annual range can be from -25 to 40 °C.

ubdivisions

Karamay has 4 districts.

*Karamay District (克拉玛依区: Kèlāmǎyī Qū)
*Baijiantan District (白碱滩区 : Báijiǎntān Qū)
*Dushanzi District (独山子区: Dúshānzǐ Qū)
*Urho District (乌尔禾区: Wūěrhé Qū)

The territory of the "Prefecture-level City of Karamay" is not contiguous: Dushanzi District, located south of the Lanxin Railway, forms an exclave, as it is separated by Kuytun City from the other three districts in the north. City of Karamay taken together with the City of Kuytun would form an enclave surrounded on all sides by Tacheng Prefecture.

Demographics

75% of Karamay's population are Han with minorities such as Uyghurs, Kazakhs, Mongols and Hui making up the rest.

Economy

In 1955, one of the largest oil fields in China was discovered there. Since then, the city has grown into an oil-producing and refining center.

Theatre fire in 1994

On December 8, 1994, a serious fire broke out in Friendship Theatre (友谊馆), Karamay, which caused the tragic death of 323 people including 288 school children, according to official figures. Many teachers were killed while trying to protect and evacuate their students from the poorly safety-designed building. A show was being organized at that moment for a number of local government officials, who managed to escape ahead of the others on spotting the fire, and were afterwards charged with neglecting their duty and were each sentenced to years in jail. [Xinhuanet. " [http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2008-09/22/content_10088618.htm Xinhuanet.com] ." "South China club fire kills at least 43, injures 88." Retrieved on 2008-09-27.]

References

External links

* [http://www.klmy.gov.cn/ Government website of Karamay] (in Simplified Chinese)
* [http://www.9654.com/m/kelamayi.htm Map of the City of Karamay]


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Look at other dictionaries:

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