Sanskrit: विदुर, "vidūra") was half-brother to Dhritarashtraand Pandu. He was a son of a maid-servant who served the queens of Hastinapura, Ambikaand Ambalika. In some accounts, he was an incarnation of Yama or Dharma Raja, who was cursed by the sage, Mandavya, for imposing punishment on him that exceed the sin.
Both queens were married to King
Vichitraviryaof Hastinapur, who died childless. Vichitravirya's mother Satyavatiwas anxious to ensure that the royal line was carried on. She called upon her other son Vyasa, to go to the beds of the two queens to father children. Vyasa was a hermit, and came to the palace, unkempt as he was. He went to Ambikawho closed her eyes when she saw him, and to Ambalikawho became pale. Hence the children they bore were blind and weak.
When Satyavati asked Vyasa to go to Ambika's bed again, to ensure that there would be children, she placed her maid-servant instead in her bed. The maid-servant was not frightened. Hence her son was not born flawed like his half-brothers. Thus, Vidura was born who was raised as brother of
With his half-brothers he was raised and educated by
Bhishma, whom they called father.
As he had no royal blood, he was never considered for, or had any chance of obtaining the throne of the kingdom. He served his brothers as a minister.
Krishna, he was the most trusted advisor to the Pandavasand had warned them repeatedly about Duryodhana's plots. In particular, he warned the Pandavas from Duryodhana's plan to burn them alive in a house of wax he had made for them. He was known for speaking the truth and for his intelligence.
Vidura is famous also for being a true devotee of Lord Krishna. When the latter visited Hastinapura as a peace missary of the Pandavas, he shunned
Duryodhana's offer to stay in his stately guesthouse, instead choosing the humble dwellings of Vidura.
In protest against the
Mahabharatawar, Vidura resigned from the post of minister.
After the great battle, he helped
Yudhishtirawhen he became ruler. Later, he accompanied Dhritarashtra, and his sisters-in-law Gandhari, and Kunti, when they left on their last journey to the forest. He died before his companions, on the banks of the Ganga.
Vidura is considered as the "Mahachohan" in the "Theosophical world". Mahachohan is said to be the chief of a Social Hierarchy of the trans-Himalayan mystics. [Parvathi Kumar, K., [http://www.worldteachertrust.org/bk/vidura/index.html "Wisdom Teachings of Vidura"] , 1997, Dhanishta]
* [http://www.mahabharataonline.com/ Persons and Stories from Mahabharata]
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