Androcracy or andrarchy is a form of government in which the government rulers are men. This term derives from the Greek root words "andros", or "man", and "kratos" (as in democratic), or "ruled".


In modern societies, most governments are ruled by men.Fact|date=July 2008 The rise of feminism in the 20th century brought access to contraception and increased equal opportunities for women, both of which enabled women to challenge the traditional hegemony of androcratic institutions. Nevertheless, studies have been conducted in Africa, Australia, and Europe which continue to demonstrate a disproportionate representation of men in government. As of 2004, women represented 15.5 percent of all parliamentarians.Fact|date=July 2008where Nordic countries have the highest representation at close to 40 percent, while Arab states have the lowest, at near 6 percent.Fact|date=July 2008

Riane Eisler uses this term in her book, The Chalice and The Blade, along with the term Gylany, a goddess-centered "partnership" society, as opposed to "Androcracy", a hierarchical "dominator" culture. (See gynocracy.)

Gender bias

Androcracy as a gender bias may influence the decision-making process in many countries, and women's issues may or may not be poorly represented as a result of gender discrimination. Kleinberg and Boris point to a dominant paradigm which promotes wage-earning fathers with financially dependent mothers, the exclusion of same-sex couples, and the marginalization of single-parent families.


The opposite of androcracy is gynecocracy, sometimes referred to as gynocracy, or rule by women. It is related to but not synonymous with matriarchy. Evidence indicating historical gynecocracies survives mostly in mythology and in some archaeological records, although it is disputed by some authors, like Cynthia Ell in her book the Myth of Matriarchal Prehistory. The occasionally proposed theory of a "Universal Matriarchy" of prehistorical times is generally considered to be mythical and not a historical fact.

ee also

* Gynocracy
* Matriarchy
* Patriarchy

External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • androcracy — (n.) rule or supremacy of men, 1883; see ANDRO (Cf. andro ) + CRACY (Cf. cracy). Related: Androcratic …   Etymology dictionary

  • androcracy — androcratic /an dreuh krat ik/, adj. /an drok reuh see/, n. social and political rule by men. [ANDRO + CRACY] * * * …   Universalium

  • androcracy — noun rule or government by men …   Wiktionary

  • androcracy — government by men Forms of Government …   Phrontistery dictionary

  • androcracy — n. rule by men …   English contemporary dictionary

  • androcracy — an·droc·ra·cy …   English syllables

  • androcracy — A government consisting of men …   Grandiloquent dictionary

  • androcracy —   n. domination of society by men.    ♦ androcratic, a …   Dictionary of difficult words

  • androcracy — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Dominator culture — is a term coined by futurist and writer Riane Eisler. This term first appears in her book The Chalice and the Blade (Harper Collins San Francisco, 1987). This book outlines in detail her theory of hierarchical dominator cultures vs. egalitarian… …   Wikipedia