James Herrick


James Herrick

Infobox Scientist
name = James Herrick
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image_width =150px
caption = James Herrick
birth_date = August 11, 1861
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death_date = March 7, 1954
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residence =
citizenship =
nationality = American
ethnicity =
field = medicine
work_institutions =
alma_mater =
doctoral_advisor =
doctoral_students =
known_for = sickle-cell disease myocardial infarction
author_abbrev_bot =
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influences =
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religion =
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James Bryan Herrick (August 11, 1861 - March 7, 1954) was as American doctor who is credited with the description of several important phenomena in 20th century medicine.

Biography and discoveries

Herrick studied and taught at various Chicago, Illinois hospitals, including Cook County Hospital and Presbyterian Hospital, which would become Rush University Medical Center. After graduating from Rush Medical College, he became professor of medicine there. He was equally interested in humanities: he had a lifelong passion for Geoffrey Chaucer's writings.

His first discovery, in 1904, was that of sickle-shaped red blood cells on the blood film of a medical student from Grenada. The disease he carried would be called sickle-cell disease on the basis of this finding, now known to be highly prevalent in West Africa and various other parts of the world.

Herrick's second finding was the mechanism of myocardial infarction ("heart attack"). He postulated that thrombosis in the coronary artery led to the symptoms and abnormalities of heart attacks. This was published in JAMA in 1912. In 1918 he was one of the first to encourage electrocardiography in the diagnosis of myocardial infarction.

He is commemorated in an annual award and a memorial lecture.

References

Herrick's papers

* Herrick JB. "Peculiar elongated and sickle-shaped red blood corpuscles in a case of severe anemia." Arch Intern Med 1910;6:517-21.
* Herrick JB. "Clinical features of sudden obstruction of the coronary arteries". JAMA 1912;59:2015-2019. Reproduced in JAMA 1983;250:1757-65. PMID 6350634.
* Herrick JB. "Concerning thrombosis of the coronary arteries." Trans Assoc Am Phys 1918;33:408-15.

About Herrick

* Hammerschmidt DE. About the cover illustration: James Herrick and the description of sickle-cell disease. J Lab Clin Med 2002;139:126.
*Citation
id = PMID:12228769
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12228769
last=Cheng
first=Tsung O
publication-date=2002 Aug
year=2002
title=James Herrick, sickle cell disease, and the thrombogenic theory of myocardial infarction.
volume=140
issue=2
periodical=J. Lab. Clin. Med.
pages=126

*Citation
id = PMID:11926226
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11926226
last=Hammerschmidt
first=Dale E
publication-date=2002 Feb
year=2002
title=James Herrick and the description of sickle-cell disease.
volume=139
issue=2
periodical=J. Lab. Clin. Med.
pages=126

*Citation
id = PMID:11727028
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11727028
last=Haller
first=J O
last2=Berdon
first2=W E
last3=Franke
first3=H
publication-date=2001 Dec
year=2001
title=Sickle cell anemia: the legacy of the patient (Walter Clement Noel), the interne (Ernest Irons), and the attending physician (James Herrick) and the facts of its discovery.
volume=31
issue=12
periodical=Pediatric radiology
pages=889-90
doi = 10.1007/s002470100014

*Citation
id = PMID:10769291
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10769291
last=James
first=T N
publication-date=2000 Apr 18
year=2000
title=Homage to James B. Herrick: a contemporary look at myocardial infarction and at sickle-cell heart disease: the 32nd Annual Herrick Lecture of the Council on Clinical Cardiology of the American Heart Association.
volume=101
issue=15
periodical=Circulation
pages=1874-87

*Citation
id = PMID:10761818
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10761818
last=Acierno
first=L J
last2=Worrell
first2=L T
publication-date=2000 Mar
year=2000
title=James Bryan Herrick.
volume=23
issue=3
periodical=Clinical cardiology
pages=230-2

*Citation
id = PMID:9821724
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9821724
last=Ramanan
first=S V
publication-date=1998 Oct
year=1998
title=James Bryan Herrick: a man of intellectual muscle.
volume=62
issue=10
periodical=Connecticut medicine
pages=601-4

*Citation
id = PMID:8149552
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8149552
last=Willerson
first=J T
publication-date=1994 Apr
year=1994
title=James B. Herrick Memorial Lecture.
volume=89
issue=4
periodical=Circulation
pages=1875-81

*Citation
id = PMID:8504520
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8504520
last=Sobel
first=B E
publication-date=1993 Jun
year=1993
title=The structure of cardiological revolutions. James B. Herrick Lecture.
volume=87
issue=6
periodical=Circulation
pages=2047-54

*Citation
id = PMID:2181218
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2181218
last=Hakulinen
first=E
publication-date=1990 Mar 28
year=1990
title= [The man behind the syndrome. James B Herrick: the discoverer of sickle cell anemia. His first case report received scant interest--only in the 1950's was the role of "moon-crescent" shape considered]
volume=87
issue=13
periodical=Lakartidningen
pages=1061-2

*Citation
id = PMID:3891680
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3891680
last=Breathnach
first=C S
publication-date=1985 Jun
year=1985
title=Biographical sketches--53. Herrick.
volume=78
issue=6
periodical=Irish medical journal
pages=173

*Citation
id = PMID:6350634
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6350634
last=Herrick
first=J B
publication-date=1983 Oct 7
year=1983
title=Landmark article (JAMA 1912). Clinical features of sudden obstruction of the coronary arteries. By James B. Herrick.
volume=250
issue=13
periodical=JAMA
pages=1757-65

*Citation
id = PMID:6339113
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6339113
last=Ross
first=R S
publication-date=1983 May
year=1983
title=A parlous state of storm and stress. The life and times of James B. Herrick.
volume=67
issue=5
periodical=Circulation
pages=955-9

*Citation
id = PMID:7043453
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7043453
last=Rhoads
first=P S
publication-date=
year=
title=James B. Herrick, M.D. Born August 11, 1861--Died March 7, 1954.
volume=35
issue=1
periodical=The Proceedings of the Institute of Medicine of Chicago
pages=3-6

*Citation
id = PMID:6990757
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6990757
last=Harvey
first=A M
publication-date=1980 May
year=1980
title=Classics for clinical science: from horse and buggy doctor to clinical investigator: the story of James Bryan Herrick.
volume=68
issue=5
periodical=Am. J. Med.
pages=639-41

*Citation
id = PMID:4571061
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/4571061
last=Burchell
first=H B
publication-date=1973 Mar
year=1973
title=The relevance of irrelevance. Remarks on receiving the James B. Herrick Award, American Heart Association.
volume=47
issue=3 Suppl
periodical=Circulation
pages=I1-6

*Citation
id = PMID:14053375
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14053375
publication-date=1963 Nov 16
year=1963
title=JAMES B. HERRICK (1861-1954).
volume=186
issue=
periodical=JAMA
pages=722-3

*Citation
id = PMID:13525932
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/13525932
last=SIEGEL
first=R
publication-date=1958 May
year=1958
title=The man who discovered coronary thrombosis; James Brain Herrick, 1861-1954.
volume=55
issue=5
periodical=The Journal of the Medical Society of New Jersey
pages=201-4

*Citation
id = PMID:13216803
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/13216803
last=IRONS
first=E E
publication-date=1954
year=1954
title=James Bryan Herrick, 1861-1954.
volume=67
issue=
periodical=Trans. Assoc. Am. Physicians
pages=15-9

External links

* [http://www.whonamedit.com/doctor.cfm/2220.html Biography] at whonamedit.com


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