- Andover (UK Parliament constituency)
UK former constituency infobox
Name = Andover
Type = Borough
Year = 1586
Abolition = 1885
members = two (1586-1868); one (1868-1885)
UK former constituency infobox
Name = Hampshire, Western or Andover Division
Type = County
Year = 1885
Abolition = 1918
members = one
Andover was the name of a constituency of the House of Commons of the
Parliament of Englandfrom 1295 to 1307, and again from 1586, then of the Parliament of Great Britainfrom 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdomfrom 1801 to 1918. It was a parliamentary boroughin Hampshire, represented by two Members of Parliament until 1868, and by one member from 1868 to 1885. The name was then transferred to a county constituencyelecting one MP from 1885 until 1918.
parliamentary boroughof Andover, in the county of Hampshire(or as it was still sometimes known before about the eighteenth centuries, Southamptonshire), sent MPs to the parliaments of 1295 and 1302-1307. It was re-enfranchised as a two member constituency in the reign of Queen Elizabeth I. It elected MPs regularly from 1586.
The House of Commons decided, in 1689, that the elective franchise for the seat was limited to the twenty four members of the Andover corporation and not the freemen of the borough. This ruling was confirmed after another disputed election in 1727. Matthew Skinner and Abel Kettleby received the most votes, from many householders, but James Brudenell and Charles Colyear (Viscount Milsington) were declared elected for winning the most support from corporation members. Under the
Reform Act 1832the electorate was expanded by allowing householders, whose property was valued at £10 or more, to vote. There were 246 registered electors in 1832.
United Kingdom general election, 1868the constituency returned one member. The electorate was further extended, in 1868, to 775 registered electors.
Apart from the period between 1653 and 1658, Andover continued to be represented as a borough constituency until that was abolished in 1885. Immediately thereafter, from the
United Kingdom general election, 1885, the town of Andoverwas combined with surrounding rural territory to form a county divisionof Hampshire, known formally as the Western or Andover division. The registered electorate for the expanded seat was 9,175 in 1885.
The constituency was abolished in 1918, when the
Municipal Boroughof Andover and Andover Rural Districtwere included in the Basingstoke seat.
The constituency was based on the northern Hampshire town of Andover.
Parliamentary Boundaries Act 1832(2 & 3 William IV, c. 64) defined the seat as "the respective parishes of Andover and Knights Enham, and the tithing of Foxcot". The boundaries were left unaltered, until the end of the borough constituency in 1885.
Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, the county division was defined as including the Sessional Divisions of Andover, and Kingsclere; with parts of the Sessional Divisions of Winchester, Romsey, and Basingstoke, and the Municipal Boroughs of Andover and Winchester, and the parish of Coombe, Hampshirein the Hungerford Sessional Division of Berkshire.
Members of Parliament
The Roman numerals after some names are to distinguish different members for this constituency, with the same name. It is not suggested this use of roman numerals was applied at the time.
* In this section by-elections are indicated by an asterisk after the date.
MPs in the Parliament of England 1586-1707 (two members)
As there were sometimes significant gaps between Parliaments held in this period, the dates of first assembly and dissolution are given. Where the name of the member has not yet been ascertained or (before 1558) is not recorded in a surviving document, the entry "unknown" is entered in the table.
* "British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885", compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (The Macmillan Press 1977)
*D Brunton & D H Pennington, "Members of the Long Parliament" (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
*"Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803" (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808) [http://www2.odl.ox.ac.uk/gsdl/cgi-bin/library?e=p-000-00---0modhis06--00-0-0-0prompt-10---4------0-1l--1-en-50---20-about---00001-001-1-1isoZz-8859Zz-1-]
* Maija Jansson (ed.), "Proceedings in Parliament, 1614 (House of Commons)" (Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1988) [http://books.google.com/books?id=L9GqTX0uoT8C&pg=PR9&source=gbs_toc_r&cad=0_0&sig=UkEf4ZrrR7tKn1fYUF0yU1YkPwc#PPR5,M1]
* J E Neale, "The Elizabethan House of Commons" (London: Jonathan Cape, 1949)
* J Holladay Philbin, "Parliamentary Representation 1832 - England and Wales" (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1965)
* "The House of Commons 1690-1715", by Eveline Cruickshanks, Stuart Handley and D.W. Hayton (Cambridge University Press 2002)
* "The Parliaments of England" by Henry Stooks Smith (1st edition published in three volumes 1844-50), second edition edited (in one volume) by F.W.S. Craig (Political Reference Publications 1973)
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