Churchill River (Atlantic)


Churchill River (Atlantic)
Churchill River
Origin Smallwood Reservoir, Labrador
Mouth Atlantic Ocean
Basin countries Canada
Length 856 km (532 mi)
Source elevation 1,550 m (5,086 ft)
Avg. discharge 1,620 m³/s (57,218 ft³/s)
Basin area 79,800 km² (30,811 mi²)
Churchill River, Newfoundland and Churchill Falls

The Churchill River (French: fleuve Churchill) is a river in Newfoundland and Labrador which flows east from the Smallwood Reservoir in Labrador into the Atlantic Ocean via Lake Melville. The river is 856 km (532 mi) long and drains an area of 79,800 km2 (30,800 sq mi); it is the longest river in the province. It was named Hamilton River until 1965.

This river was originally known as "Mishtashipu" by the Innu, translated as "la Grande rivière" and "Grand River" by French- and English-speaking settlers and traders. In 1821, Captain William Martin, in command of HM brig Clinker, named it Hamilton River after Sir Charles Hamilton, who was Governor of Newfoundland from 1818 to 1825. In 1965, it was renamed, without consultation, by Premier Joey Smallwood, to honour former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Sir Winston Churchill on February 1, 1965.

Contents

Geography

Hydroelectric projects

Churchill Falls is the site of a major hydroelectric project, which has a rated capacity of 5,428 MW. Other hydroelectric plants on the river are planned bringing the total to over 9,200 MW. The Churchill Falls development has become a source of friction between two Canadian provinces. The province of Newfoundland and Labrador believes that, although the project is located in Labrador, Hydro-Québec, which provided a major part of the financing and access to the North American power grid, has taken an unfair[neutrality is disputed] share of the profits from this development. Hydro-Québec buys power from the Churchill Falls project at rates established in 1969.

Further reading

A.P. Low and party on a hauling picnic up Lake Winokapau, Hamilton River (now theChurchill River), Labrador, 1894.

See also

  • List of longest rivers of Canada
  • List of rivers of Newfoundland and Labrador

External links

Coordinates: 53°20′58″N 60°10′39″W / 53.34944°N 60.1775°W / 53.34944; -60.1775