- Republic of China–Japan relations
Japan-Taiwan relations are guided by the 1972 Japan-PRC Joint Communique. Both countries have a common historical enemy, and
Japanhas maintained non-governmental, working-level relations with the Republic of China( Taiwan) ever since.
Soon after US President
Richard Nixon's visit to People's Republic of China in 1972and the release of the "Joint Communique of the United States of America and the People's Republic of China" ( Shanghai Communique), Kakuei Tanaka's Liberal Democratic Party-majority government decided to establish formal diplomacy with the PRC.
As a pre-condition to build tie between PRC and Japan, Japan abrogated Treaty of Taipei in relation to Taiwan. According to the "1972 Japan-China Joint Communique", the Government of Japan fully understands and respects the position of the Government of the People's Republic of China's position that Taiwan is an inalienable territory of the People's Republic of China, and it firmly maintains its stand under Article 8 of the Potsdam Proclamation [ [http://www.mofa.go.jp/region/asia-paci/china/joint72.html Joint Communique of the Government of Japan and the Government of the People's Republic of China] "3. The Government of the People's Republic of China reiterates that Taiwan is an inalienable part of the territory of the People's Republic of China. The Government of Japan fully understands and respects this stand of the Government of the People's Republic of China, and it firmly maintains its stand under Article 8 of the Postsdam Proclamation."] , which states " "The terms of the
Cairo Declarationshall be carried out and Japanese sovereignty shall be limited to the islands of Honshū, Hokkaidō, Kyūshū, Shikokuand such minor islands as we determine."
Statements and principles set in the Joint Communique of 1972 were shown in the "Treaty of Peace and Friendship between Japan and the People's Republic of China" in 1978. Japan and the PRC agreed to continue abiding by the 1978 treaty when
Shinzo Abevisited Beijingon 8 October 2006.
1998 Japan-China Joint Declaration
Japan-China Joint Declaration on Building a Partnership of Friendship and Cooperation for Peace and Developmentstates "The Japanese side continues to maintain its stand on the Taiwan issue which was set forth in the Joint Communique of the Government of Japan and the Government of the People's Republic of China and reiterates its understanding that there is one China. Japan will continue to maintain its exchanges of private and regional nature with Taiwan."
In order to attract more tourists to Japan, Japan permits Taiwanese tourists a visa exemption for 90 days, commencing
September 20 2005.
In the press conference on
January 31 2006, Deputy Press Secretary Tomohiko Taniguchiannounced that, in a speech in 2005, Minister of Foreign Affairs Tarō Asōhad expressed concern regarding peace and stability across the Taiwan Strait on the basis of 1972 Japan-China Joint Communique. The announcement reiterated the Japanese government's position "...that we do not take a policy of two Chinas or one China and one Taiwan."
One China Policy
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