Agrahayana


Agrahayana

Agrahayana or Margashirsha,[1] (Hindi: अगहन agahan, मार्गशीर्ष ) is a month of the Hindu calendar and Tamil calendar. In India's national civil calendar, Agrahayana is the ninth month of the year, beginning on 22 November and ending on 21 December. Since Vedic times, this month is known as Maargashirsha after the Nakshatra (asterisms) Mrigashirsha. In Tamil, the month is known as Maarkazhi.

The word agrahayan means the month of ayan or equinox (agra=first + ayan = travel of the sun, equinox). The aligning of this name with the Mrigashira asterism (lambda orionis), gives rise to speculation that this name may have been given when the sun was near Orion at the time of vernal equinox, i.e. around 7000 years ago.

In lunar religious calendars, Agrahayana may begin on either the new moon or the full moon around the same time of year, and is usually the ninth month of the year.

In solar religious calendars, Agrahayana/Maarkazhi begins with the Sun's entry into Sagittarius, and is usually the ninth month of the year.

In the Vaishnava calendar, Keshava governs this month.

Contents

Festivals

Vaikunta Ekadashi, the Ekadashi (11th day) of this month, is celebrated as 'Mokshada Ekadashi'. The 10th Canto, 22nd Chapter of Bhagavata Purana, mentions young marriageable daughters (gopis) of the cowherd men of Gokula, worshiping Goddess Katyayani and taking a vrata or vow, during the entire month of Margashirsha, the first month of the winter season, to get Lord Krishna as their husband.[2]


Shukla Paksha Krishna Paksha
1. Prathama 1. Prathama
2. Dwitiya 2. Dwitiya
3. Tritiya 3. Tritiya
4. Chaturthi 4. Chaturthi
5. Panchami 5. Panchami
6. Shashti 6. Shashti
7. Saptami 7. Saptami
8. Ashtami 8. Ashtami
9. Navami 9. Navami
10.Dashami 10.Dashami
11.Ekadashi 11.Ekadashi
12.Dwadashi 12.Dwadashi
13.Thrayodashi 13.Thrayodashi
14.Chaturdashi 14.Chaturdashi
15.Pournima 15. Amavasya

See also

See also

References



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • āgrahāyaṇa — आग्रहायण …   Indonesian dictionary

  • Malayalam calendar — Midhunam redirects here. For the Malayalam film, see Mithunam. Part of a series on the Chera dynasty Kings …   Wikipedia

  • Month — For the Egyptian hawk god, see Monthu. A month is a unit of time, used with calendars, which was first used and invented in Mesopotamia, as a natural period related to the motion of the Moon; month and Moon are cognates. The traditional concept… …   Wikipedia

  • Chaitra — (Marathi चैत्र caitr, Hindi: चैत्र cait, Bengali:চৈত্র, Kannada ಚೈತ್ರ , Chaitra , Telugu:చైత్రము chaitramu Tamil: சித்திரை chithirai, Malayalam: ചൈത്രം chaitram) is a month of the Hindu calendar. In India s national civil calendar Chaitra is the… …   Wikipedia

  • Aashaadha — (Hindi: आसाढ़ aasaarh or आषाढ aaṣaaḍh) is a month of the Hindu calendar. In India s national civil calendar, Aashaadh is the fourth month of the year, beginning on 22 June and ending on 22 July. The month is known as Aadi in Tamil. In solar… …   Wikipedia

  • Indian national calendar — The Indian national calendar (sometimes called Saka calendar) is the official civil calendar in use in India. It is used, alongside the Gregorian calendar, by The Gazette of India, news broadcasts by All India Radio, and calendars and… …   Wikipedia

  • Manik Bandopadhyay — মানিক বন্দ্যোপাধ্যায় Manik Bandyopadhyay Born May 19, 1908(1908 05 19) Dumka, Bihar, British India Died December 3, 1956 …   Wikipedia

  • Hindu chronology — The subject of Hindu chronology divides naturally into three parts: the calendar, the eras, and other reckonings. The Calendar The Hindus have had, from very ancient times, the system of lunisolar cycles, made by the combination of solar years,… …   Wikipedia

  • Laxmi Puran — Balaram Das, a major poet of Oriya literature, and considered as the senior most poet in the Age of Panchasakha wrote the Laxmi Purana in 15th century .[1] Contents 1 Synopsis of Laksmi Purana 2 Premier of Feminist Movement …   Wikipedia

  • Tibbetibaba — Tibbetibaba(also known as Tibetan Baba or the Monk from Tibet),originally named Nabin Chandra,was a famous Bengali philosopher saint who lived till the third decade of the twentieth century.He was one of the few saints in India whose life was an… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.