Bénézet


Bénézet

:"Benezet" redirects here. See Anthony Benezet for the educator."Infobox Saint
name= Saint Bénézet
birth_date= ~1163
death_date= 1184
feast_day= April 14
venerated_in= Roman Catholic Church


imagesize= 250px
caption= "Pont Saint-Bénézet before its destruction in the 17th century."
birth_place= Hermillon
death_place=
titles=
beatified_date=
beatified_place=
beatified_by=
canonized_date=
canonized_place=
canonized_by=
attributes=portrayed as a boy carrying a large stone on his shoulder
patronage=Avignon; bachelors; bridge-builders
major_shrine=
suppressed_date=
issues=

Saint Bénézet [Bénézet is a Provençal variant of the name "Benedict"] (Benedict, Benezet, Benet, Benoît) the Bridge-Builder (ca. 1163—1184) is a saint of the Catholic Church, considered the founder of the Bridge-Building Brotherhood. Christian tradition states that he was a shepherd boy who saw a vision during an eclipse in 1177. This told him to build a bridge over the Rhône River at Avignon.

He was told that angels would watch over his flocks in his absence. He built the bridge single-handedly; ecclesiastical and civil authorities refused to help him. Bénézet, it is said, lifted a huge stone into place, and announced it would be the start of the foundation. This would become the Pont Saint-Bénézet.

According to the legend, there were shouts of "Miracle! Miracle!" when Bénézet had laid the first stone. Eighteen miracles occurred in total: the blind had their vision restored, the deaf could hear again, cripples could walk; and hunchbacks had their backs straightened.

Bénézet thus won support for his project from wealthy sponsors who formed themselves into a Bridge Brotherhood to fund its construction.

Veneration

After his death, Bénézet was interred on the bridge itself, in a small chapel dedicated to Saint Nicholas, patron saint of mariners, standing on one of the bridge's surviving piers on the Avignon side. His relics were enshrined there until 1669, when a flood washed away part of the bridge. His coffin, recovered, was opened and the body of Bénézet was found to be incorrupt. The relics were translated to Avignon cathedral and thence to the Celestine church of Saint Didier. The remains of the bridge still remain a pilgrimage site. [*Gross, Ernie. "This Day in Religion". New York: Neil-Schuman Publishers, 1990. ISBN 1-55570-045-4.]

Notes

ee also

*The Incorruptibles, a list of Catholic saints and beati whose bodies are reported to be incorrupt; that is, the bodies did not undergo any major decay after their burial and hence are considered to be under some form of divine protection.

External links

* [http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/0414.htm#bene Saints of April 14: Bénézet ]
* [http://www.catholic-forum.com/Saints/saintb22.htm Bénézet]
*fr icon [http://www.palais-des-papes.com/pages/ponthistoire.html L'histoire du Pont St Bénezet]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Benezet — Bénézet Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Antoine Bénézet, philanthrope américain (1713 1784) Bernard Bénézet, peintre toulousain (1835 1892) Mathieu Bénézet, auteur français, né en 1946… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Benezet — ist der Name folgender Personen: Bénézet ( 1163–1184), katholischer Heiliger, einer der Stadtpatrone von Avignon Anthony Benezet (1713–1784), amerikanischer Lehrer und Abolitionist Louis P. Benezet (1876–1961), US amerikanischer Pädagoge Louis… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Benezet — (spr. Beneseh), 1) so v.w. Benedict 4). 2) Antoine, geb. 1713 zu St. Quentin; wurde Kaufmann, ging mit seinen Eltern 1715 nach London u. 1731 nach Philadelphia; 1742 stiftete er eine Schule zu Philadelphia u. st. 1784. Durch seine Schriften trug… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Benezet — Benezet, Benazet Formes occitanes du nom de baptême Benoît (voir aussi Benazech) …   Noms de famille

  • Bénézet — Darstellung Bénézets in der Kathedrale zu Avignon Die Doppelkapelle Ss …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bénézet — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Bénézet, évêque d Avignon au XIe siècle. Saint Bénezet, l inspirateur du pont d Avignon, saint patron d Avignon (1165 1184) Antoine Bénézet,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Benezet — This famous surname, one of the earliest recorded in history, and recorded in over two hundred spellings from Benedicte, Benech and Bennet, to Banish, Beinosovitch and Vedyasov, derives from the Roman personal name Benedictus , meaning blessed.… …   Surnames reference

  • Bénezet — né en 1165 en Vivarais ou en Savoie, berger de Provence, au XIIème siècle, constructeur à Avignon du pont qui porte son nom. Le pont ne fut achevé que 4 ans après sa mort, en 1184. Il fut enseveli directement sur le pont, puis dans une chapelle… …   Dictionnaire des saints

  • Bénézet-Kapelle — Bénézet Kapellen sind dem heiligen Bénézet geweihte Kapellen: Chapelle Saint Bénézet, Avignon Chapelle Saint Bénézet, Burzet Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort b …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bénezet d'Avignon — Saint Bénezet Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bénézet. Saint Bénezet …   Wikipédia en Français