Archduke Rudolf of Austria-Tuscany


Archduke Rudolf of Austria-Tuscany

infobox cardinalstyles
cardinal name=Rudolf Cardinal von Habsburg-Lothringen
dipstyle=His Eminence
offstyle=Your Eminence
See=Olomouc|

Rudolf Johannes Joseph Rainier Cardinal von Habsburg-Lothringen, Archduke and Prince Imperial of Austria, Prince Royal of Hungary and Bohemia (January 8, 1788-24 July 1831) was an Archbishop of Olomouc and member of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine.

Born in Pisa, Italy, he was the youngest son of Emperor Leopold II and Maria Louisa of Spain. He was elected archbishop of Olomouc in 1819 and became cardinal in the same year.

He was born in Florence then part of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany the youngest son of Emperor Leopold II.

In 1803 or 1804, Rudolf began taking lessons in piano and composition from Ludwig van Beethoven. The two became friends, and Rudolph became a supporter and patron of Beethoven; their meetings continued until 1824. Beethoven dedicated 14 compositions to Rudolph, including the Archduke Trio and his great Missa Solemnis. Rudolph, in turn, dedicated one of his own compositions to Beethoven. The letters Beethoven wrote to Rudolph are today kept at the Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde in Vienna.

At the age of 31 on 24 March 1819 he was appointed Archbishop of Olomouc in the present day Czech Republic but then part of the Austrian Empire. He was created and proclaimed Cardinal-Priest of the titular church of "S. Pietro in Montorio" by Pope Pius VI on 4 June 1819.

He chose to be ordained and was done so on 29 August 1819. He was consecrated a bishop on 26 September 1819.

He died on 23 July 1831 in Baden at the age of 43 and was interred in the Imperial Crypt Vaults in Imperial Crypt in Vienna; his heart was buried in the crypt in Saint Wenceslas cathedral in Olomouc.

Sources

* [http://www.lvbeethoven.com/Bio/BiographyMusicPupils.html Biographies of Beethoven's pupils]
* [http://www.fiu.edu/~mirandas/bios1819.htm Cardinal biographies]

External links

* [http://test.woodwind.org/Databases/Composers/Names/008501.html List of his compositions]

Ancestry

ahnentafel-compact5
style=font-size: 90%; line-height: 110%;
border=1
boxstyle=padding-top: 0; padding-bottom: 0;
boxstyle_1=background-color: #fcc;
boxstyle_2=background-color: #fb9;
boxstyle_3=background-color: #ffc;
boxstyle_4=background-color: #bfc;
boxstyle_5=background-color: #9fe;
1= 1. Archduke Rudolf of Austria
2= 2. Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor
3= 3. Maria Louisa of Spain
4= 4. Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor
5= 5. Maria Theresa of Austria
Queen of Hungary & Bohemia

6= 6. Charles III of Spain
7= 7. Maria Amalia of Saxony
8= 8. Leopold, Duke of Lorraine
9= 9. Princess Élisabeth Charlotte of Orléans
10= 10. Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor
11= 11. Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
12= 12. Philip V of Spain
13= 13. Elisabeth of Parma
14= 14. Augustus III of Poland
Elector of Saxony
15= 15. Maria Josepha of Austria
16= 16. Charles V, Duke of Lorraine
17= 17. Eleonora Maria Josefa of Austria
Queen Dowager of Poland-Lithuania
18= 18. Philippe I, Duke of Orléans
19= 19. Countess Palatine Elizabeth Charlotte of Simmern
20= 20. Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor
21= 21. Eleonore-Magdalena of Neuburg
22= 22. Louis Rudolph, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
23= 23. Princess Christine Louise of Oettingen-Oettingen
24= 24. Louis, Dauphin of France
25= 25. Duchess Maria Anna of Bavaria
26= 26. Edward II Farnese, Duke of Parma
27= 27. Countess Palatine Dorothea Sophie of Neuburg
28= 28. Augustus II of Poland
Elector of Saxony
29= 29. Christiane Eberhardine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
30= 30. Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor
31= 31. Wilhelmina Amalia of Brunswick-Calenberg


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Archduke Géza of Austria — Prince Imperial of Austria; Prince Royal of Hungary; Croatia, and Bohemia Spouse Monika Decker Elizabeth Jane Kunstadter Issue Franz Ferdinand Ferdinand Leopold Maximilian Philip Isabella Maria Luisa Full name German: Géza Ladislaus Euseb Gerhard …   Wikipedia

  • Archduke Otto of Austria (1865–1906) — Archduke Otto Spouse Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony Issue Karl I of Austria Archduke Maximilian Eugen of Austria Father Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria …   Wikipedia

  • Archduke Maximilian of Austria–Este — Maximilian of Austria Este. Archduke Maximilian Joseph of Austria Este (1782–1863), the fourth son of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria Este and younger brother of Francis IV, Duke of Modena. He was grand master of the Teutonic Knights from 1835 to… …   Wikipedia

  • Archduke Charles of Austria (1607–1632) — Portrait of the infante Don Carlos by Diego Velázquez, 1626/27 For other people named Archduke Charles of Austria, see Archduke Charles of Austria (disambiguation). House of Habsburg Spanish line …   Wikipedia

  • Rudolf, Crown Prince of Austria — For the friend and patron of Beethoven, see Archduke Rudolf of Austria (1788–1831). Rudolf Crown Prince of Austria, Hungary and Bohemia Spouse Princess Stéphanie of Belgium Issue …   Wikipedia

  • Archduke Charles, Duke of Teschen — Archduke Charles of Austria redirects here. For other uses, see Archduke Charles of Austria (disambiguation). Archduke Charles Duke of Teschen Tenure 1822 1847 Predecessor …   Wikipedia

  • Archduke Franz Salvator of Austria — Archduke Franz Salvator Archduke and Prince Franz Salvator of Austria; Prince Francis Salvator of Hungary, Croatia, and Bohemia Spouse Archduchess Marie Valerie Melanie Freiin von Riesenfels Issue …   Wikipedia

  • Archduke Maximilian Francis of Austria — Archduke Maximilian Francis House House of Habsburg Lorraine Father Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor Mother Maria Theresa of Austria …   Wikipedia

  • Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria — For the son of Charles I of Austria, see Archduke Carl Ludwig of Austria (1918–2007). Archduke Karl Ludwig Spouse Princess Margaretha of Saxony Princess Maria Annunciata of Bourbon Two Sicilies Infanta Maria Theresa of Portugal …   Wikipedia

  • Austria-Hungary — Austro Hungarian Monarchy Other names Österreichisch Ungarische Monarchie (de) Osztrák Magyar Monarchia (hu) Empire …   Wikipedia