Catholic Party (Belgium)


Catholic Party (Belgium)

The first Catholic Party in Belgium was established in 1884 as the "Confessional Catholic Party" ( _nl. Confessionele Katholieke Partij).

History

In 1852 a "Union Constitutionelle et Conservatrice" was founded in Ghent, in Leuven (1854), and in Antwerp and Brussels in 1858, which were only active during elections. On 11 July 1864 the Federation of Catholic Circles and Conservative Associations was created ( _fr. Fédération des Cercles catholiques et des Associations conservatrices; _nl. Verbond van Katholieke Kringen en der Conservatieve Verenigingen).

The other group which contributed to the party were the "Catholic Cercles", of which the eldest had been founded in Bruges. The Roman Catholic conferences in Mechelen in 1863, 1864 and 1867 brought together Ultramontanes or "Confessionals" and the Liberal-Catholics or "Constitutionals". At the Congress of 1867, it was decided to create the "League of Catholic Cercles", which was founded on 22 October 1868. The Catholic Party, under the leadership of Charles Woeste, gained an absolute majority in the Belgian Chamber of Representatives in 1884 from the Liberal Party in the wake of the "Schoolstrijd". The Catholic Party retained its absolute majority until 1918. In 1921, the party became the "Catholic Union", and from 1936 the "Catholic Block".

At the end of World War II, on 18–19 August 1945 the party was succeeded by the PSC-CVP.

Notable members

* Auguste Beernaert, Nobel Peace Prize in 1909.
* Jules de Burlet
* Paul de Smet de Naeyer
* Jules Vandenpeereboom
* Jules de Trooz
* Gustaaf Sap
* Frans Schollaert
* Charles de Broqueville
* Gérard Cooreman
* Henri Baels

ee also

* Politics of Belgium
* Christene Volkspartij
* Rerum Novarum
* Graves de Communi Re

ource

* Th. Luykx and M. Platel, "Politieke geschiedenis van België", 2 vol., Kluwer, 1985
* E. Witte, J. Craeybeckx en A. Meynen, "Politieke geschiedenis van België", Standaard, 1997


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