- Prime Minister of Iran
Prime Minister of Iran was a political post in
Iranhad existed during several different periods of time starting with the Qajar era (when the country was internationally known as Persia) until its most recent revival from 1979 to 1989 following the Iranian Revolution.
Prime Ministers of Qajar era
In the Qajar era, prime ministers were known by different titles. The post itself was mainly known as "ataabak" or "ataabak-e a'zam" (grand "ataabak"), or sometimes "sadr-e a'zam" (premier) at the beginning, but became "ra'is ol-vozaraa" (head of ministers) at the end. The title of "nakhost vazir" (prime minister) was rarely used. The prime minister was usually called by the honorific title "hazrat-e ashraf".
Prime Ministers of Pahlavi era
Prime Ministers of Islamic Republic of Iran
Iranian Revolutionof 1979, Ayatollah Khomeiniinstalled Mehdi Bazarganas the prime minister of an interim government, which served until November 1979. The government resigned during the Iran hostage crisis, but mentioned that it has not been the sole reason, and the decision for mass resignation had been reached one day before the invasion of the United Statesembassy by the Iranian students.
The post was left empty until
Abolhassan Banisadrbecame president in January 1980 and chose Mohammad Ali Rajaias his prime minister, mainly because of pressures imposed by Majlis representatives, specially those close to Islamic Republic Party. Rajai served in the post until Banisadr's impeachment in June, 1981, and was elected as president in the elections of July 24, 1981.Rajai chose Mohammad Javad Bahonaras his prime minister, but they were assassinated together in Prime Minister's office only a few weeks later, on August 30, 1981.
Ali Khameneibecame president in the elections of October, 1981, he first introduced right-leaning Ali Akbar Velayatito the Majlis as his prime minister, but he was voted down by the then left-leaning majority of the parliament, which then forced their own preferred prime minister to Khamenei, namely Mir-Hossein Mousavi. The dispute was finally ended by interference of the Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Khomeini, who advised the president to accept Mousavi.
Mousavi served under the title until 1989, when the constitution was amended to remove the title of Prime Minister and divide his responsibilities between the president and a newly-created title of First Vice President.
List of Iranian Prime Ministers
List of Prime Ministers of Iran"
Politics of Iran
President of Iran
History of Iran
*For a full list of "Viziers" of Iran/Persia in the last 2000 years, see: "Iranian Viziers: From Bozorgmehr to Amir Kabir" (وزیران ایرانی از بزرگمهر تا امیر کبیر), by Abdolrafi' Haqiqat (عبدالرفیع حقیقت).
Perry-Castañeda Librarycollection DS 271 F34 1995
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
List of Prime Ministers of Iran — This is a list of Prime Ministers of Iran ( see Prime Minister of Iran):Heads of Government of Iran (1669 1989)Grand Viziers (Chief Ministers, 1669 1747)*Sheikh Ali khan Zangeneh(1669 1691) *Shah Quli Khan Zanganeh (1707 1715) *Fath Ali Khan… … Wikipedia
Iran hostage crisis — Iran United States hostage crisis A defaced Great Seal of the United States at the former U.S. embassy, Tehran, Iran, as it appeared in 2004 … Wikipedia
Iran–Contra affair — Iran–Contra Scandal Other names Iran–Contra Participants Ronald Reagan, Robert McFarlane, Caspar Weinberger, Hezbollah, Nicaraguan contras, Oliver North, Manucher Ghorbanifar, John Poindexter Date August 20, 1985 … Wikipedia
Minister of Foreign Affairs (Bangladesh) — Minister of Foreign Affairs Government of People s Republic of Bangladesh Ministry of Foreign Affairs … Wikipedia
Iran–Pakistan relations — Iran and Pakistan are neighbours, connected by the sparsely populated Balochistan region split between them. There is a long history of contact and mutual influence, with segments of Pakistani culture directly descended from Iranian cultures.… … Wikipedia
Iran coup — may refer to:* 1953 Iranian coup d état, removal of Prime Minister Mohammed Mossadegh, supported by the United States and the United Kingdom through the covert Operation Ajax * Nojeh Coup (1980), attempted overthrow of the newly established… … Wikipedia
Iran — /i ran , i rahn , uy ran /, n. a republic in SW Asia. 67,540,002; ab. 635,000 sq. mi. (1,644,650 sq. km). Cap.: Teheran. Formerly (until 1935), Persia. * * * Iran Introduction Iran Background: Known as Persia until 1935, Iran became an Islamic… … Universalium
Iran–United States relations — Political relations between Iran and the United States began in the mid to late 1800s, but had little importance or controversy until the post World War II era of the Cold War and of petroleum exports from the Persian Gulf. Since then they have… … Wikipedia
Iran and weapons of mass destruction — This article is about Iran and weapons of mass destruction. For Iran s nuclear power program, see Nuclear program of Iran. Weapons of mass destruction … Wikipedia
Iran–Arab relations — Iranian–Arab relations have always been very mixed. Within the Middle East historical conflicts have always colored neighbouring Arab countries perceptions about Iran. At times peacefully coexisting, while at other times in bitter conflict. North … Wikipedia