- Cross of St. George
Established in the Russian Empire in 1807, it was granted to non-commissioned officers, soldiers and sailors for their military heroism. In 1856 it was split into four degrees. A person initially received the fourth degree, and would subsequently be promoted to higher degrees for further acts of bravery; one who received all four degrees was called polniy Georgievskiy kavaler (full Cavalier of St. George).
Cross of St. George differentiated from St. George Medal
Cross of St. George was practically same as Order of St. George, except that it was given to non-commissioned officers. But in 1878 Russia established St. George Medal. This medal was below the Cross of St. George in precedence and was granted for the acts of gallantry in battlefield which fell short of "the extreme bravery in face of the enemy".
Appearance of Cross of St. George
The Cross of St. George was a cross pattée in plain gold or silver (later to be replaced with non-precious metals of similar colours), with a central disc bearing the image of St. George on horseback slaying the dragon. It was worn on the left chest with the ribbon of the Order of St. George, which was orange with three black stripes.
The Cross of St. George was abolished after the Russian Revolution, but was re-established on August 8, 2000 by the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin. Moreover, during the Soviet times there was an equivalent decoration known as the Order of Glory.
In 1880 the newly created principality of Bulgaria created their own "Soldier's Cross Of The Order Of Bravery" in the same four classes as this Russian award (Russia had recently aided in the liberation of Bulgaria). These Soldier's crosses had a similar ribbon style as the Saint George's Crosses and were awarded from 1880 until the end of the Kingdom after the creation of a People's Republic.
- ^ http://www.cefresearch.com/matrix/Utilities/abbreviations.htm
- ^ "The St. George Cross was an extension of the Order of St.George, and like it St. George Cross was awarded in four classes and only for extreme bravery in face of the enemy." World War I: Encyclopedia, pp 768, Spencer Tucker, Priscilla Mary Roberts , Contributor Spencer Tucker, Published by ABC-CLIO, 2005, ISBN 1-85109-420-2, 9781851094202
- ^ "In 1878 the Russians again extended the system by establishing the even lower level St. George Medal, which also came in four classes". World War I: Encyclopedia, pp 768, Spencer Tucker, Priscilla Mary Roberts , Contributor Spencer Tucker, Published by ABC-CLIO, 2005, ISBN 1-85109-420-2, 9781851094202
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