Edmonton (hundred)


Edmonton (hundred)

infobox historic subdivision
Name= Edmonton
HQ= "see text"
Status= hundred
Start= in antiquity
End= 1889/1894
Replace= Edmonton Urban District
Enfield Urban District
East Barnet Urban District
South Mimms Rural District
Tottenham Urban District


PopulationFirst= 26,930
PopulationFirstYear= 1831
PopulationLast= 94,185
PopulationLastYear= 1881
AreaFirst= convert|31410|acre|km2cite vob|population=http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/census/table_page.jsp?tab_id=GB1831ABS_M%5B1%5D&u_id=10073790&show=&min_c=1&max_c=5|name=Middlesex hundreds 1831 census|accessdate=2008-02-20]
AreaFirstYear= 1831
AreaLast=
AreaLastYear=

Edmonton was an ancient hundred in the north of the county of Middlesex, England. Its former area has been mostly absorbed by the growth of London and it now corresponds to the London Borough of Enfield and parts of the London Borough of Barnet and London Borough of Haringey in Greater London and the Hertsmere district in Hertfordshire.

History

The hundred was listed in the Domesday Book in 1086, after which there were only very minor boundary changes. It was sometimes known as the "Half Hundred of Mimms".cite web |url=http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=26930 |title=Edmonton Hundred |publication=Victoria County County of Middlesex: Volume 5 |year=1976 | accessdate= 2008-01-07]

It contained the parishes and settlements of Edmonton, Enfield, Monken Hadley, South Mimms and Tottenham. It bordered Ossulstone hundred to the south west, and had a boundary with Essex to the east. In the north west it formed a protrusion into Hertfordshire (containing South Mimms and Monken Hadely) and was bounded by it to the north, west and south.

The Hundred Moot appears to have originally been held near Potters Bar. By the seventeenth century the "mote plane" was in an open area of Enfield Chase. The court for the hundred eventually moved to a public house in Enfield prior to its abolition in 1846.

Population

The following is the population of the parishes in Edmonton Hundred as given at each ten-yearly census from 1801 - 1881: [cite web | url=http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=22159 | title=Table of population, 1801-1901 | publication=Victoria County History of Middlesex: Volume 2 | year=1911 | accessdate=2008-01-06]

Replacement

The hundreds of England declined in administrative use because of the rise of various "ad-hoc" boards. By 1894 they were effectively replaced by a system of uniform local government districts, which were consolidated over time and finally replaced in 1965/1974 by the London boroughs and non-metrropolitan districts which are still in use today.

References

External links

* [http://edmontonhundred.freeukisp.co.uk/ Edmonton Hundred Historical Society]
* [http://vision.edina.ac.uk/unit_page.jsp;jsessionid=47BED90D508C73BA0DF51952297F0BFE?u_id=10187990 A Vision of Edmonton Hundred]


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