infobox UK place
country = England
population = 1516 [ [http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=3&b=795559&c=lympne&d=16&e=15&g=459556&i=1001x1003x1004&o=1&m=0&enc=1&dsFamilyId=779 National Statistics] Census 2001]
region= South East England
constituency_westminster= Folkestone and Hythe
Lympne (pronEng|lɪm) village is situated on the once sea cliffs above the
Romney Marshin Kent. It lies approximately 11 km (7 miles) west of Folkestone, 2 miles west of Hythe and 17 km (11 miles) east of Ashford.
In Roman times Lympne was known as "
Portus Lemanis", from which the modern name is derived. It lay at the end of the Roman road from Canterbury, known today as Stone Street. It was the location of a " Saxon Shorefort", and, according to the Roman " Notitia Dignitatum", it was garrisoned by a "numerus Turnacensium" from Tournaiin northern Gaul. ["Notitia Dignitatum Occidentis", XXVIII, ed. A. W. Byvanck, "Excerpta Romana. De bronnen der romeinsch geschiedenis van Nederland", t. I, La Haye, 1931, p571.] Its remains are situated at the bottom of the south-facing cliffs. In Anglo-Saxon times the fort was given the name "Stutfall", meaning " in which a stud, or herd, is kept". [Glover, J., "The Place Names of Kent", Batsford, 1976, "Stutfall Castle". Cf. Ekwall, E., "The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-Names" (4th edition), Oxford University Press, 1960, "stod" (p. 444).]
St. Stephens church and
Lympne Castleoverlook Romney Marsh, the church being significantly older, and close by Lympne Hill figures in the Doctor Synstories.
In the 1930s Lympne
Aerodromewas the starting point for several long distance record flights, including a solo one to Cape Townby the aviatrix Amy Johnsonin 1932, and also ones by her later-to-be husband Jim Mollison. Jean Battenlater flew from Lympne to Darwin, beating Johnson's long-distance record, in 1934. The aerodrome was also the venue for air races. The airport has now been closed and turned into an industrial estate.
Lympne has a village shop, hairdresser's and public house (County Members) and straddles the B2067 road from Hythe, Kent to
Aldington, Hamstreetand Tenterden. The nearest railway station is at Westenhanger. Lympne is also well-known for John Aspinal's Port Lympne Zoo, which occupies the ridge of hills upon which the village stands. Nearby Newingreenis reputedly the site of England's first motel on the A20.
Lympne in fiction
H.G. Wells's 1901 novel " First Men in the Moon", the English narrator Bedford — the sole survivor of the Moon expedition — attempting to land the antigravity sphere anywhere on Earth, has the good fortune to land it on the seashore at Lympne, reasonably close to his departure point. A local boy enters the antigravity sphere without Bedford's permission, and accidentally activates it ... sending himself and the sphere into space, never to return.
* [http://www.villagenet.co.uk/dr-syn/villages/lympne.php A comprehensive history of the village]
*gutenberg|no=1013|name=The First Men in the Moon
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Look at other dictionaries:
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