Romerike


Romerike

Romerike is a traditional district located north-east of Oslo, in what is today south-eastern Norway. It consists of the Akershus municipalities Fet, Lørenskog, Nittedal, Rælingen, Skedsmo, Sørum and Aurskog-Høland in the southern end ("Nedre Romerike"), and Ullensaker, Gjerdrum, Nannestad, Nes, Eidsvoll and Hurdal in the northern end ("Øvre Romerike").

History

Before the unification of Norway, Romerike (Old Norse "Raumaríki") was a petty kingdom. It had its age of greatness between the 5th century and the 7th century. The 6th-century Goth scholar Jordanes wrote in his "Getica" about a tribe located in Scandza which he named the "Raumarici" and which seems to be the same name as "Raumariki", the old name for Romerike.

In "Beowulf" and "Widsith", the tribe is mentioned as the warlike "Heaðo-Reamas" (i.e. "battling Reamas", for the correspondence between "Reamas" and "Raumar" compare "Geatas" and "Gautar").

Snorri Sturluson relates in his Heimskringla that it was ruled by the semi-legendary Swedish kings, Sigurd Ring and Ragnar Lodbrok during the 8th century.

In the 9th century, King Harald Fairhair's father, Halfdan the Black, subdued the area by defeating and killing Sigtryg, the previous ruler, in battle. He then defeated Sigtryg's brother and successor Eystein in a series of battles.

After the death of Halfdan, it submitted to the Swedish king Erik Eymundsson. However, it was forcibly conquered by Harald Fairhair who had to spend a summer to lead it into the fold of his newly created kingdom of Norway.

The centre of the kingdom was Sand between Jessheim and Garder, where the earliest settlements were situated and where the soil was easy to cultivate. In the surrounding forests there was rich game. Its name may be derived from the "Raum elfr" an old name for the Glomma river.

In "Hversu Noregr byggdist" and in "Thorsteins saga Víkingssonar"

In the "Hversu Noregr byggdist" and in "Thorsteins saga Víkingssonar", the name is attributed to the mythical king Raum the Old. According to the latter saga, the members of the family were big and ugly, and because of this big and ugly people were called "great Raumar".

Kings of Raumariki

*Raum the Old
*Eystein Halfdansson
*Halfdan the Mild
*Sigtryg Eysteinsson
*Eystein Eysteinsson, brother of Sigtryg
*Halfdan the Black
*Erik Eymundsson

External links

* [http://www.rb.no Romerikes Blad] (local newspaper)


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