Romerike is a traditional district located north-east of
Oslo, in what is today south-eastern Norway. It consists of the Akershusmunicipalities Fet, Lørenskog, Nittedal, Rælingen, Skedsmo, Sørumand Aurskog-Hølandin the southern end ("Nedre Romerike"), and Ullensaker, Gjerdrum, Nannestad, Nes, Eidsvolland Hurdalin the northern end (" Øvre Romerike").
Before the unification of Norway, Romerike (
Old Norse"Raumaríki") was a petty kingdom. It had its age of greatness between the 5th centuryand the 7th century. The 6th-century Goth scholar Jordaneswrote in his " Getica" about a tribe located in Scandzawhich he named the "Raumarici" and which seems to be the same name as "Raumariki", the old name for Romerike.
Beowulf" and " Widsith", the tribe is mentioned as the warlike "Heaðo-Reamas" (i.e. "battling Reamas", for the correspondence between "Reamas" and "Raumar" compare " Geatas" and "Gautar"). Snorri Sturlusonrelates in his Heimskringlathat it was ruled by the semi-legendary Swedish kings, Sigurd Ringand Ragnar Lodbrokduring the 8th century.
9th century, King Harald Fairhair's father, Halfdan the Black, subdued the area by defeating and killing Sigtryg, the previous ruler, in battle. He then defeated Sigtryg's brother and successor Eystein in a series of battles.
After the death of Halfdan, it submitted to the Swedish king
Erik Eymundsson. However, it was forcibly conquered by Harald Fairhairwho had to spend a summer to lead it into the fold of his newly created kingdom of Norway.
The centre of the kingdom was Sand between
Jessheimand Garder, where the earliest settlements were situated and where the soil was easy to cultivate. In the surrounding forests there was rich game. Its name may be derived from the "Raum elfr" an old name for the Glommariver.
In "Hversu Noregr byggdist" and in "Thorsteins saga Víkingssonar"
In the "
Hversu Noregr byggdist" and in " Thorsteins saga Víkingssonar", the name is attributed to the mythical king Raum the Old. According to the latter saga, the members of the family were big and ugly, and because of this big and ugly people were called "great Raumar".
Kings of Raumariki
Raum the Old
Halfdan the Mild
Eystein Eysteinsson, brother of Sigtryg
Halfdan the Black
* [http://www.rb.no Romerikes Blad] (local newspaper)
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