Gossypium hirsutum


Gossypium hirsutum


Upland cotton
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malvales
Family: Malvaceae
Genus: Gossypium
Species: G. hirsutum
Binomial name
Gossypium hirsutum

Gossypium hirsutum, known as Upland Cotton or Mexican Cotton, is the most widely planted species of cotton in the United States, constituting some 95% of all cotton production and is native to Central America [1] and possibly Mexico[2] Worldwide, the figure is about 90% of all production for this species.

Archeological evidence from the Tehuacan Valley in Mexico shows the cultivation of this species as long as 5,000 years ago. This is the earliest evidence of cotton cultivation in the Americas found thus far.

Gossypium hirsutum includes a number of varieties or cross-bred cultivars with varying fiber lengths and tolerances to a number of growing conditions. The longer length varieties are called "Long Staple Upland" and the shorter length varieties are referred to as "Short Staple Upland". The long staple varieties are the most widely cultivated in commercial production.

References

External links



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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gossypium hirsutum — Systematik Eurosiden II Ordnung: Malvenartige (Malvales) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gossypium hirsutum — Gossypium hirsutum …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gossypium hirsutum — Gossypium hirsutum. См. хлопчатник. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Gossypium hirsutum —   Upland cotton …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gossypium hirsutum — Gossypium hir …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gossypium hirsutum — plaukuotasis vilnamedis statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Dedešvinių šeimos aliejinis, maistinis, pašarinis, pluoštinis, vaistinis nuodingas augalas (Gossypium hirsutum), paplitęs Šiaurės ir Pietų Amerikoje, kitur – auginamas. atitikmenys:… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Gossypium hirsutum — ID 37733 Symbol Key GOHI Common Name upland cotton Family Malvaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Native to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution AL, CA, FL, HI, IL, LA, MA, MD, MO, MS, NC, NJ, PA, PR, SC, TX, VA, VI Growth… …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Gossypium hirsutum L. — Symbol GOHI Common Name upland cotton Botanical Family Malvaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Gossypium hirsutum — noun native tropical American plant now cultivated in the United States yielding short staple cotton • Syn: ↑upland cotton • Hypernyms: ↑cotton, ↑cotton plant …   Useful english dictionary

  • GOSSYPIUM HIRSUTUM L. - ХЛОПЧАТНИК ВОЛОСИСТЫЙ, МЕКСИКАНСКИЙ УПЛАНД — см. 622. Кустарник. Однолетнее растение. Двулетнее растение. G. hirsutum L. X. волосистый, Мексиканский упланд Sp.pl.ed. 2 (1763) 975. Мауер 1. с. 277 и др. Проханов 1. с., 75. Атлас лек. раст. (1962) 590, рис. S y n. G. religiosum L. Подвиды: 1 …   Справочник растений


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