Dong Biwu


Dong Biwu
Dong Biwu
董必武
Dong Biwu
President of the PRC Supreme Court
In office
1954-1959
President Mao Zedong
Preceded by Shen Junru
Succeeded by Xie Juezai
Vice Chairman of the People's Republic of China
In office
27 April 1959 - 17 January 1975
President Liu Shaoqi
Soong Ching-ling
Himself (acting)
Leader Mao Zedong
Preceded by Zhu De
Succeeded by Ulanhu
Chairman of the People's Republic of China
(acting)
In office
31 October 1968 - 17 January 1975
Premier Zhou Enlai
Preceded by Liu Shaoqi
Succeeded by Post abolished
(Li Xiannian in 1983)
Member of the
National People's Congress
In office
15 September 1954 – 2 April 1975
Constituency Hubei At-large
Personal details
Born 5 March 1886(1886-03-05)
Huanggang, Hubei, Qing Dynasty
Died 2 April 1975(1975-04-02) (aged 89)
Beijing, People's Republic of China
Dong Biwu
Chinese

Dong Biwu (Chinese: 董必武; pinyin: Dǒng Bìwǔ; Wade–Giles: Tung Pi-wu; 5 March 1886 - 2 April 1975) was a Chinese communist political leader during the regime of Mao Zedong.

Biography

Statue of Dong Biwu in Wuhan

Dong Biwu was born in Huanggang, Hubei. He was the President (Chairman of the Executive Committee) of China from 1948 to 1949 and Acting President from 1968 until 17 January 1975 when Zhu De became the succeeding Chairman of the Standing Committee of the People's National Congress (formal Head of State). He was also Vice-President of the People's Republic of China from 1959 until 1975, jointly with Soong Ching-ling. In 1975 he was elected Deputy Chairman of the Standing Committee of People's National Congress (Parliament).

Dong was a member of Politburo of the Communist Party of China from 1945 to 1975. He was elected one of nine members of the Standing Committee of the Politburo at 10th Congress of the Communist Party in 1973.

He died just a year before Mao and several other important politicians like Zhou Enlai and Zhu De.

In 1991, a statue of Dong Biwu was erected in one of Wuhan's central squares, Hongshan Guangchang. Hubei Provincial museum houses a collection of Dong's personal items.

External links

Party political offices
Preceded by
Li Weihan
President of the CPC Central Party School
1935–1937
Succeeded by
Li Weihan
Legal offices
Preceded by
Shen Junru
President of the Supreme People's Court
1954–1959
Succeeded by
Xie Juezai
Political offices
Preceded by
Zhu De
Vice Chairman of the People's Republic of China
1959–1975
Served alongside: Soong Ching-ling
Succeeded by
Ulanhu
Abolished until 1983
Preceded by
Liu Shaoqi
Chairman of the People's Republic of China
Acting

1968–1975
Served alongside: Soong Ching-ling
Succeeded by
Li Xiannian
Abolished until 1983