- Japan Air Transport
nihongo|Japan Air Transport Corporation|日本航空輸送株式会社|Nihon Kōkū Yusō K.K. was the
national airlineof the Empire of Japanfrom 1928 to 1938.
Commercial aviationbegan in Japan with the privately-held Japan Air Transport Institute, which poineered passenger service between Sakai, Osakaand Tokushima on Shikokuisland on 3 November 1922.
30 October 1928, the Japanese government established the Japan Air Transport Corporation (JAT) as the national flag carrier under the Ministry of Communications. JAT absorbed the Japan Air Transport Institute and two other small companies and began scheduled passenger service in 1929. It initially used the Imperial Japanese Armyair base at Tachikawa as its terminal in Tokyo. it later moved to Haneda Airport, which was completed in August 1931.
JAT was heavily subsidized by the Japanese government, receiving the equivalent of $1 billion in today's currency prior to the
attack on Pearl Harbor. During the early 1930s, its aircraft were often chartered (for free) by the military for missions in Asia, especially during the 1931 Invasion of Manchuria. This role declined as military transportmissions in Chinawere taken over by three new carriers which JAT helped to establish: Manchukuo National Airwaysin 1932, Huitong Airwaysin 1936 and China Airwaysin 1938. These subsidiary companies were joint ventures between JAT and the puppet governments of Manchukuoand the Provisional Government of the Republic of China.
JAT shifted its focus to the civilian passenger market, and began using new 14-passenger
Douglas DC-2s on new, more commercially profitable routes between Japan and Manchukuo in 1936. With the start of the Second Sino-Japanese Warin 1937, JAT benefited from a resurgence in military passenger traffic.
In 1938, JAT carried nearly 70,000 passengers, representing 2.6 percent of the world's passenger traffic.
In December 1938, the government established a new airline,
Imperial Japanese Airways, as a monopoly for all civil aviation and Japan Air Transport Corporation was meged into the new company.
Fokker Super Universal
*Nakajima AT-2 (1937-1938)
last = Wilson
first = Stuart
year = 1999
title = Airliners of the World
publisher = Australian Aviation
id = ISBN 1875671447
* [http://www.century-of-flight.net/new%20site/commercial/Japanese%20civil%20aviation.htm Early Japanese Civil Aviation] at Century of Flight
* [http://www.tt-museum.jp/taiyo_0065_jat1929.html JAT timetable, 1929]
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