- Margaret, Duchess of Austria
She was the eldest daughter of
Leopold VI, Duke of Austriaand Theodora Angelina, the latter from the Byzantine imperial family.
Her coronation as German Queen took place sixteen months later, on
23 March 1227in Aachen. Henry and Margaret had two sons, Henry (who died young ca. 1242/1245) and Frederick (who also died young ca. 1251/1252).
In 1235, Henry rebelled against his father, but was defeated and dethroned. Confinated in several castles in
Apulia, he died possibly on 12 February 1242after a fall from his horse, in an attempted suicide. In the meanwhile, Margaret (who possibly never see her husband again) moved to Würzburg, where she lived in seclusion in the Markuskloster.
Frederick II, Duke of Austria, last Duke from the Babenbergdynasty, died childless in the Battle of Leitha (1246), leaving a succession crisis. The two principal claimants over the succession in the duchies of Austria and Styria were two women: Margaret (who, as the eldest sister of the late Duke, claimed proximity of blood) and her niece Gertrude (who, as the only daughter of Henry of Mödling, the eldest brother of the Duke Frederick II -who predeceased his father, Duke Leopold VI- claimed primogeniture). Wenceslaus I, King of Bohemiawanted to take control over the duchies by the wedding of his eldest son and heir, Vladislav with Frederick II and Margaret's niece, Gertrude. The couple were proclaimed Duke and Duchess of Austria, but Vladislav died in the following year (1247). The next ruler of Austria, was Gertrude's second husband, Hermann VI, Margrave of Baden, who died in 1250 leaving Austria and Styria without ruler again.
The Austrian aristocracy offered the government of the duchies to Ottokar of Bohemia, second son and new heir of King Wenceslaus I. However, one condition was imposed by the nobles: Ottokar only can take the control over Austria and Styria if he married with one of the heiresses of the Babenberg dinasty. Ottokar refused a wedding with the widow of his brother and decided to marry with Margaret. The ceremony took place on
11 February 1252in the Castle Chapel (German: "Burgkapelle") of Hainburg an der Donau. She was about twenty-six years his senior.
Besides, Ottokar allowed to hand over to itself the imperial privileges sealed with a
Golden Bullon the basis of the Privilegium Minus, who legitimazed his claim over the duchies of Austria and Styria, since Margaret was the heiress of the last duke by proximity of blood. Thereby she transferred the government of the duchies to Austria and Styria to her husband. Pope Innocent IV-who had previously changed sides several times between Gertrude and Margaret- confirmed the lawful government of Margaret and Ottokar over both duchies on 6 May 1252. Bohemian administrators ruled the duchies their names.
One year later, on
23 September 1253, King Wenceslaus I died. Ottokar became King of Bohemia as Ottokar II and Margaret as his Queen consort. However, by this time, was evident that Margaret (who was already fifty-years-old), was barren. King Ottokar II tried with the Pope the recognizion of the illegitimate son who he had with one of Margaret's ladies-in-waiting as his lawful successor. After the Pope refused this, in 1261 the King obtain the annulment of his marriage with Margaret. The repudiated Queen left Bohemia and return to Austria, settled her residence in Krumau am Kamp, and, during the winters, in Krems.
Ottokar II kept Austria, Styria, Carinthia, and
Carniola, claiming to be the heir designated by Margaret in their divorce settlement. He held the duchies until deposed by king Rudolf I of Germanyin 1276.
After her divorce she was called "Romanorum quondam Regina"; however, she maintains the title "ducissa Austrie et Stirie". Only in 1266 she change her title as "quondam filia Livpoldi illustris ducis Austrie et Stirie et Romanorum Regina" as a reference of her father.
Prior her death, she chose the
Lilienfeld Abbeyas her burial place. The date of her death is controversial. Some sources stated 1266, while others stated 2/ 12 October 1267as the real date. According her wish, she was buried in the Lilienfeld Abbey next to her father.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Gertrude, Duchess of Austria — Gertrude of Austria (also named Gertrude of Babenberg ) (b. 1226 ndash; d. 24 April 1288), was a member of the House of Babenberg, Duchess of Mödling and later Titular Duchess of Austria and Styria, she was the niece of Duke Frederick II of… … Wikipedia
Margaret of Parma — Duchess consort of Florence Duchess consort of Parma Governor of Habsburg Netherlands Spouse Alessandro de Medici, Duke of Florence Ottavio Farnese, Duke of Parma Issue … Wikipedia
Duchess Eilika of Oldenburg — Archduchess Georg of Austria Princess Georg of Austria and Hungary Spouse Georg von Habsburg Issue Archduchess Zsófia Archduchess Ildikó Archduke Károly Konstantin Full name German: Eilika Helene Jutta Clementine … Wikipedia
Margaret of Brieg — Duchess consort of Bavaria Tenure 1353–1386 Spouse Albert I, Duke of Bavaria Issue Katharina, Duchess of Gelders and Jülich Johanna, Queen of the Romans and Bohemia … Wikipedia
Margaret of Provence — Queen consort of France Tenure 27 May 1234 – 25 August 1270 Coronation 28 May 1234 … Wikipedia
Margaret of Austria — may refer to: Margaret of Austria, Queen of Bohemia (c.1204–1266), titularly reigning Duchess of Austria Styria, Queen consort of the Romans, Queen consort of Bohemia; married Henry II of Sicily and Ottokar II of Bohemia Margarete of Austria… … Wikipedia
Margaret of Prades — (1388/95 – 1429) was the queen consort of King Martin I of Aragon … Wikipedia
Duchess Sophia Charlotte of Oldenburg — Princess Eitel Friedrich of Prussia A photograph of Sophia Charlotte, 1913. Spouse Prince Eitel Friedrich of Prussia Harald van Hedemann … Wikipedia
Margaret (name) — Margaret Margaret the Virgin is one of many saints named Margaret. Gender female Origin Word/Na … Wikipedia
Margaret of Austria, Duchess of Savoy — For other people named Margaret of Austria, see Margaret of Austria (disambiguation). Margaret of Austria Princess of Asturias Duchess consort of Savoy Portrait of Margaret of Austria Spouse John … Wikipedia