Johnson K. Duncan

Johnson K. Duncan

Johnson Kelly Duncan (March 19, 1827 – December 18, 1862) was one of the few generals in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War who was born and raised in the North. An antebellum officer in the U.S. Army, Duncan commanded the Confederate forts defending New Orleans during the Union Navy's successful attacks that led to the fall of the South's largest city.

Early life and career

Duncan was born and raised in rural Chanceford Township in southeastern York County, Pennsylvania, which borders the broad Susquehanna River. He was appointed to the United States Military Academy on July 1, 1845, and graduated from West Point in June 1849. A good student, he ranked 5th in a class of 43 cadets. With his high academic standing, he was breveted as a second lieutenant and assigned to the Second U.S. Artillery in July of that year. Not long afterwards, on October 31, he was given the full rank of second lieutenant and reassigned to the Third Artillery. He saw his first combat action serving in the Florida hostilities against the Seminole Indians.

From 1850 until 1853, he was attached to Forts Sullivan and Preble in Maine, primarily serving on garrison duty. Promotion came relatively slowly in the antebellum army, and officers often resigned to take up civilian pursuits. Duncan Johnson was no exception. On Christmas Eve in 1853, his promotion to first lieutenant came through, but he was frustrated with army life. He was the assistant on the Northern Pacific railroad exploration until December 1854. He tendered his resignation from the U.S. Army on January 31, 1855, and entered private life in Louisiana.

Duncan became the Superintendent of Construction and Repairs in New Orleans, in charge of the branch mint, marine hospital, quarantine warehouse, and the Pas a l’Outre boarding station. Duncan, in collaboration with P.G.T. Beauregard, completed the work on the New Orleans Branch Mint in early 1859. From then until 1860, he was professionally occupied as a civil engineer, surveyor, and architect in New Orleans, becoming also, in 1860, Chief Engineer of the Board of Public Works of the state of Louisiana.

Civil War

When the Southern states began seceding from the Union, Duncan reentered military service, this time as an enemy of the United States Army. He enlisted in the CSA forces as a colonel of the 1st Louisiana Regular Artillery Regiment and rose in rank and status rather quickly. Promoted to brigadier general of Louisiana troops on January 7, 1862, he was assigned to command the defenses of New Orleans and the Lower Mississippi, and he quickly became widely known as one of the finest artillerists in that region. He commanded Forts Jackson and St. Philip at the time of their capture by Admiral David Farragut on April 25, 1862, and became a prisoner of war. After being exchanged, Duncan was assigned to the staff of General Braxton Bragg, becoming Chief of Staff.

Johnson K. Duncan contracted a malarial fever and died far from his native York County at Knoxville, Tennessee, at the age of only 36. He was buried in the McGavock Confederate Cemetery on the Carnton Plantation in Franklin, Tennessee.


* Strong, Michael J., "Keystone Confederate: The Life and Times of General Johnson Kelly Duncan, CSA". York, Pennsylvania: The Historical Society of York County, 1994. ASIN B0006PAUPY.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Johnson Kelly Duncan — General Duncan Johnson Kelly Duncan (* 19. März 1827 in York, Pennsylvania; † 18. Dezember 1862 in Knoxville, Tennessee) war ein Brigadegeneral der Konföderierten im Sezessionskrieg. Duncan wurde 1827 in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Duncan (Familienname) — Duncan ist ein Vorname und Familienname schottisch gälischen Ursprungs. Er bedeutet „braun(haarig)er Krieger“,[1] manchmal auch als „finsterer/dunkler Krieger“ übersetzt. Bekannte Namensträger Inhaltsverzeichnis A B C D E F G H I J K L M …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Duncan Starr Johnson — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Duncan Starr Johnson (* 21 de julio 1867, Cromwell, Connecticut 16 de febrero 1937, Baltimore) fue un botánico y destacado briólogo estadounidense . Era hijo de Edward Tracy y de Lucy Emma Starr. Se gradua de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Duncan U. Fletcher — Duncan Upshaw Fletcher United States Senator from Florida In office March 4, 1909 – June 17, 1936 Preceded by William Hall Milton Succee …   Wikipedia

  • Duncan and Brady — Roud #4177 Laws L19 Written by Traditional Published 1925[1] Language English Form Ballad, Murder ballad Original artist Wilmer Watts his Lonely Eagles (1929) …   Wikipedia

  • Duncan Lamont Clinch — (* 6. April 1787 im Edgecombe County, North Carolina; † 27. November 1849 in Macon, Georgia) war ein US amerikanischer Offizier und Politiker. Zwischen 1844 und 1845 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Duncan U. Fletcher — Duncan Upshaw Fletcher (* 6. Januar 1859 bei Americus, Georgia; † 17. Juni 1936 in Washington D.C.) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker (Demokratische Partei), der den Bundesstaat Florida im US Senat vertrat …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Duncan Button — Hollyoaks character Portrayed by Dean Aspen Created by Lucy Allan Duration 2009–11 First appearance …   Wikipedia

  • Duncan, Oklahoma —   City   …   Wikipedia

  • Duncan Hunter presidential campaign, 2008 — Duncan Hunter for President 2008 Campaign U.S. presidential election, 2008 Candidate Duncan Hunter Congressman (1981 2009) Affiliation …   Wikipedia

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.