Diplomatic corps

Diplomatic corps
Plaque of Diplomatic Corps Logo
Diplomatic Corps plaque used on some Embassies and Diplomatic Missions

The diplomatic corps or corps diplomatique is the collective body of foreign diplomats accredited to a particular country or body.

The diplomatic corps may, in certain contexts, refer to the collection of accredited heads of mission (ambassadors, high commissioners, and others) who represent their countries in another state or country. As a body, they usually only assemble to attend state functions like a coronation, inauguration, national day or State Opening of Parliament, depending on local custom. They may also assemble in the royal or presidential palace to give their own head of state's New Year greeting to the head of state of the country in which they are based.

The term is sometimes confused with the collective body of diplomats from a particular country—the proper term for which is diplomatic service or foreign service. The diplomatic corps is not always given any formal recognition by its host country, but can be referenced by official orders of precedence.

In many countries, and especially in Africa, the heads and the foreign members of the country offices of major international organizations (United Nations agencies, the European Union, the International Committee of the Red Cross, agencies of the African Union, etc.) are considered members—and granted the rights and privileges—of the diplomatic corps.

Diplomatic vehicles in most countries have distinctive license plates, often with the prefix or suffix CD, the acronym for the French corps diplomatique.


Dean of the Diplomatic Corps

In some countries, the longest-serving ambassador to a country is given the title Dean, or Doyen, of the Diplomatic Corps and is sometimes accorded a high position in the order of precedence. In New Zealand, for example, the dean takes precedence over figures such as the deputy prime minister, former governors-general, and the chief justice. The diplomatic corps may also cooperate amongst itself on a number of matters, including certain dealings with the host government.

Article 4 of the protocol of June 9, 1815, of the Congress of Vienna provided that the apostolic nuncio (often referred to as the papal nuncio) would be dean of the diplomatic corps in the country of appointment. In many countries that have Roman Catholicism as the official or main religion, the nuncio still holds the decanate and is the corps' spokesman on formal occasions. In other cases, the nuncio is treated as the ambassador of the Holy See and has no special precedence.

In practical terms, the Dean of the Diplomatic Corps may have a role to play in negotiating with local authorities regarding the application of aspects of the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations and diplomatic immunity, such as the payment of certain fees or taxes, since the receiving country is required "not to discriminate between states". In this sense, the dean has the role of representing the entire diplomatic corps for matters that affect the corps as a whole, although this function is rarely formalized.

Dean of the Diplomatic Corps (United States)

According to articles 13 and 16, Roble Olhaye, Ambassador of Djibouti to the United States since 1988, serves as the dean of the diplomatic corps.

See also

External links

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • diplomatic corps — index embassy Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • diplomatic corps — noun the body of diplomatic personnel • Syn: ↑diplomatic service, ↑corps diplomatique • Hypernyms: ↑corps * * * noun, pl diplomatic corps [count] : all of the foreign diplomats in a country She is an important member of the diplomatic corps. * * …   Useful english dictionary

  • diplomatic corps — UK / US noun [countable] Word forms diplomatic corps : singular diplomatic corps plural diplomatic corps a group consisting of all the foreign diplomats working in a particular country …   English dictionary

  • diplomatic corps — N COUNT COLL: usu the N (diplomatic corps is both the singular and the plural form.) The diplomatic corps is the group of all the diplomats who work in one city or country …   English dictionary

  • diplomatic corps — diplomatic staff, staff of national delegates …   English contemporary dictionary

  • diplomatic corps — the entire body of diplomats accredited to and resident at a court or capital. Also called diplomatic body. * * * …   Universalium

  • diplomatic corps — /dɪpləˈmætɪk kɔ/ (say dipluh matik kaw) noun the entire body of diplomats accredited to a particular nation, usually residing in the capital city of that country. Also, diplomatic body …   Australian English dictionary

  • diplomatic corps — diplo matic .corps n [U] all the diplomats working in a particular country …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • diplomatic corps — diplo matic ,corps noun count a group consisting of all the foreign DIPLOMATS working in a particular country …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • diplomatic corps — noun the body of diplomats representing other countries in a particular state …   English new terms dictionary

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