Delegate


Delegate

A delegate is a person who speaks or acts on behalf of an organization (e.g., a government, a charity, an NGO, or a trade union) at a meeting or conference between organizations of the same level (e.g., trade talks or an environmental summit between governments; an arbitration over an industrial dispute; or a meeting of student unions from individual colleges at a national student union conference). Generally, but not always, delegates differ from representatives because they receive and carry out instructions from the group that sends them, and, unlike representatives, are not expected to act independently.

Contents

Politics

United States of America

Delegate is the title of a person elected to the United States House of Representatives to serve the interests of an organized United States territory, at present only overseas or the District of Columbia, but historically in most cases in a portion of North America as precursor to one or more of the present states of the union. Delegates have powers similar to that of Representatives, including the right to vote in committee, but have no right to take part in the floor votes in which the full house actually decides whether the proposal is carried. See: Delegate (United States Congress).

A similar mandate is held in a few cases under the style Resident commissioner.

  • Members of other parliamentary assemblies, such as the Continental Congress or the New York State Constitutional.
  • Members of a body charged with writing or revising a foundational or other basic governmental document (such as members of a constitutional convention are usually referred to as "delegates".

Presidential conventions

Democratic Party

The Democratic party of the United States of America uses pledged delegates and superdelegates. A candidate for the Democratic nominee must win a majority of combined delegate votes at the Democratic National Convention, held in Denver, Colorado.

Pledged delegates are elected or chosen at the state or local level, with the understanding that they will support a particular candidate at the convention. Pledged delegates are however not actually bound to vote for that candidate, thus the candidates are allowed to periodically review the list of delegates and eliminate any of those they feel would not be supportive. Currently there are 3,253 pledged delegates.

Of the 4,047 total Democratic delegates, 794 are superdelegates, which are usually Democratic members of Congress, governors, former Presidents, and other party leaders. They are not required to indicate preference for a candidate.

The Democratic Party uses a proportional representation to determine how many delegates each candidate is awarded in each state. For example, a candidate who wins 40% of a state's vote in the primary election will win 40% of that state's delegates; however, a candidate must win at least 15% of the primary vote in order to receive any delegates. There is no process to win superdelegates, since they can vote for whomever they please. A candidate needs to win a simple majority of total delegates to earn the Democratic nomination.[1]

Republican Party

The Republican Party of the United States of America utilizes a similar system with slightly different terminology, employing pledged and unpledged delegates. Of the total 2,380 Republican delegates, 1,719 are pledged delegates, who as with the Democratic Party, are elected at the state or local level. To become the Republican Party nominee, the candidate must win a simple majority of 1,191 of the 2,380 total delegates at the Republican National Convention, held in Saint Paul, Minnesota.

A majority of the unpledged delegates are elected much like the pledged delegates, and are likely to be committed to a specific candidate. Many of the other unpledged delegates automatically claim the delegate status either by virtue of their position as a party chair or national party committee person. This group is known as unpledged RNC member delegates.

The process by which delegates are awarded to a candidate will vary from state to state. Many states use a winner-take-all system, where popular vote determines the winning candidate for that state, while a few others use a proportional representation. While the Republican National Committee does not require a 15% minimum threshold, individual state parties may impart such a threshold.

The unpledged RNC member delegates are free to vote for any candidate and are not bound by the electoral votes of their state. The majority of the unpledged delegates (those who are elected or chosen) are technically free to vote for any candidate; however they are likely to be committed to one specifically.[1]

Religion

  • Apostolic delegate, one appointed by the Pope

References

  1. ^ a b www.cnnpolitics.com

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Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • delegate — del·e·gate 1 / de li gət/ n [Medieval Latin delegatus, from Latin, past participle of delegare to appoint, put in charge]: a person empowered to act on behalf of another: as a: a person who is authorized to perform another s duties under a… …   Law dictionary

  • delegate — n Delegate, deputy, representative designate a person who stands in place of another or others. It is not always possible to distinguish these words, for they are all used in different places or at different times to designate persons whose… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Delegate — Del e*gate, a. [L. delegatus, p. p.] Sent to act for or represent another; deputed; as, a delegate judge. Delegate power. Strype. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Delegate — Del e*gate, n. [L. delegatus, p. p. of delegare to send, delegate; de + legare to send with a commission, to depute. See {Legate}.] 1. Any one sent and empowered to act for another; one deputed to represent; a chosen deputy; a representative; a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • delegate — [n] representative, often governmental agent, alternate, ambassador, appointee, catchpole*, commissioner, consul, deputy, emissary, envoy, factor, front*, legate, member, member of congress, minister, mouthpiece, nominee, people’s choice, pinch… …   New thesaurus

  • Delegate — Del e*gate, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Delegated}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Delegating}.] 1. To send as one s representative; to empower as an ambassador; to send with power to transact business; to commission; to depute; to authorize. [1913 Webster] 2. To… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • delegate to — index authorize Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • delegate — (n.) late 15c., from O.Fr. delegat or directly from L. delegatus, pp. of delegare to send as a representative, from de from, away (see DE (Cf. de )) + legare send with a commission (see LEGATE (Cf. legate)). The verb is from 1520s. Related:… …   Etymology dictionary

  • delegate — ► NOUN 1) a person sent to represent others, in particular at a conference. 2) a member of a committee. ► VERB 1) entrust (a task or responsibility) to another person. 2) authorize (someone) to act as a representative. DERIVATIVES delegator …   English terms dictionary

  • delegate — [del′ə git; ] for v. [, del′əgāt΄] n. [ME delegat < ML delegatus < pp. of L delegare, to send from one place to another, appoint, assign < de , from + legare, to send: see LEGATE] 1. a person authorized or sent to speak and act for… …   English World dictionary

  • delegate — ▪ I. delegate del‧e‧gate 1 [ˈdelgt] noun [countable] someone who has been elected or chosen to speak, vote, or take decisions for a group: • Around 350 delegates attended the conference. • Delegates to the union s annual meeting are expected to …   Financial and business terms


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