- Islamic view of the Bible
Islam, the Bibleis held to reflect true unfolding revelation from God; but revelation which had become corrupted or distorted in its handing down (in Arabic: " tahrif"); which necessitated the giving of the Qur'anto Muhammed, to correct this deviation.
Specifically, the Qur'an identifies books known as the "
Tawrat" (the Torahgiven to Moses, the " Zabur" (the Book of Psalms) given to David, and the " Injil" (the Gospel) given to Jesus as genuine divine revelations taken from the same Guarded Tablets as the Qur'an itself and brought by true messengers to both Jews and Christians respectively. Together with the Qur'an itself, and the now unknown Suhuf Ibrahim("Scrolls of Abraham"), these make up the "ketub", the Islamic holy books. Belief in the divine inspiration of all of these books is one of the fundamental tenets of Islam.However, Islam holds that since all the Books prior to the Quran have been corrupted by human hands, Muslims are to only to get their guidance from the Quran and the authentic teachings of the Prophet Muhammad.
Islamic view of the Torah
Qur'anmentions the Torahdirectly or indirectly at least a dozen times. (" The Koran", Dawood, Penguin Classics, London, 1999 pp. 43, 47-48, 50, 84-85, 87, 91, 121, 145, 275, 362, 337-338, 391, 393)
Islamic view of the Book of Psalms
Qur'an( Surah An-Nisa4:163) states "and to David We gave the Psalms". Therefore, Islamconfirms the Psalms as being inspired of God.
Islamic view of the Gospel
Qur'anmentions the Gospel twelve times.
Biblical prophecy of Muhammad
Certain passages in the Bible have been interpreted by some Islamic scholars as prophetic references to Muhammad, Abdus Sattar Ghauri (September 2006). [http://www.renaissance.com.pk/SeptBiblicalSt2y6.html "Muhammad foretold in the Bible: An Introduction"] Renaissance 16 (9). ISSN 1606-9382.] such as Deuteronomy 18:15-22.
Mention of Parakleitos (English translation commonly "Comforter") in John 14:16, 15:26, 16:7 and John 18:36 have been taken to be prophetic references to Muhammad. Christian scholars, on the other hand, tend to interpret Parakleitos as the Holy Spirit.
Gospel of Barnabasconforms to the Islamic interpretation of Christian origins, Some Islamic organizations cite it in support of the Islamic view of Jesus.
Qur'anic references to other persons in the Bible
Aaron, Abel, Abraham, Adam, Cain, (King) David, Disciples of Jesus, Elias, Elisha, Enoch, Eve, Ezra, Goliath, Isaac, Ishmael, Jacob, Jesus, John the Baptist, Jonah, Joseph, Lot, Mary mother of Jesus, Moses, Noah, Pharaohs of Egypt, (King) Saul, Solomon, Zacharias(" The Koran", Dawood, Penguin Classics, London, 1999 Index)
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