SS Europa (1930)

SS Europa (1930)

The SS "Europa" (later SS "Liberté") was one of a pair of fast ocean liners built in the late nineteen-twenties for the Norddeutsche Lloyd line (NDL) for the transatlantic passenger service. Her sister ship was the SS|Bremen|1929|2, and the two were very similar, though not identical (the "Bremen" was slightly larger, among other differences).

History

Europa and her sister were designed to have a cruising speed of 27.5 knots, allowing an Atlantic crossing time of 5 days. This speed enabled Norddeutsche Lloyd to run regular weekly crossings with two ships, a feat that normally required three.

The sisters were supposed to be completed at the same time, but the "Europa" suffered a serious fire during her fitting-out, and sank to the bottom. She was repaired and refloated, but the incident delayed her completion by several months.

During World War II she was in German hands and largely inactive. There were plans to use her as a transport in Operation Sealion, the intended invasion of Great Britain, and later conversion to an aircraft carrier. None of these plans came to pass, and in 1945, she was captured by the allies and used as a troopship. However, after it was discovered that the ship had infrastructural problems from years of neglect (defective wiring and hull cracks), she was pulled from this service.

After the war she was turned over to the French, who began to refit her for passenger service. In 1946 while being refitted, she snapped her moorings during a storm and ran into the wreck of the SS|Paris|3=2 and sank [http://www.ocean-liners.com/ships/europa.asp] . She was raised, and in 1950, made her maiden voyage under her new name, "Liberté", to New York. She was laid up in 1961 and scrapped in 1962.

External links

* [http://www.ocean-liners.com/ships/europa.asp Ocean-Liners.com Europa page]
* [http://www.greatoceanliners.net/europa.html The Great Ocean Liners: Europa/Liberté]
* [http://www.uncommonjourneys.com/pages/library/express.htm Ocean Express: The story of the Bremen and Europa]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • SS Europa (1930) — Europa Autres noms Europa (1930 1945) Liberté (1950 1961) Type Paquebot …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Europa (1928) — Europa Vierschrauben Schnelldampfer Europa, 1932 p1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Europa — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sur les autres projets Wikimedia : « Europa », sur le Wiktionnaire (dictionnaire universel) « Europa » est le nom de l Europe (le …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Europa — is a beautiful Phoenician princess in Greek mythology. Her name is the name for Europe in Latin and other languages.Europa may also refer to:* Europa Island, a small island in the Indian Ocean which is a possession of France, part of the Îles… …   Wikipedia

  • 1930 en économie — 1930 Années : 1927 1928 1929  1930  1931 1932 1933 Décennies : 1900 1910 1920  1930  1940 1950 1960 Siècles : XIXe siècle & …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Europa (Европа) — «Europa» («Европа») лайнер (Германия) Тип: лайнер (Германия). Водоизмещение: 50542 тонны. Размеры: 285 м х 31 м. Силовая установка: четырехвальная, турбины. Максимальная скорость: 27,9 узла. Спущен на воду: июль 1928 г. «Europa» — роскошный… …   Энциклопедия кораблей

  • 1930 Copa del Rey — Country Spain ← 1929 1931 → The Copa del Rey 1930 is the 28th staging of the Copa del Rey. The competition started on April 6, 1930 and concluded on June 1, 1930 with the Final, held at the Lluís Companys Stadium in Barcelona …   Wikipedia

  • Europa (Европа) — «Europa» («Европа») лайнер (Дания) Тип: лайнер (Дания). Водоизмещение: 10387 тонн. Размеры: 147,6 м х 19 м. Силовая установка: двухвальная, дизеля. Максимальная скорость: 17,2 узла. Спущен на воду: февраль 1931 г. «Europa» — один из двух… …   Энциклопедия кораблей

  • Europa (I) — Vierschrauben Schnelldampfer Europa, 1932 Die Europa war ein turbinengetriebener Schnelldampfer des Norddeutschen Lloyds. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Schiffsleben 1.1 Bauphase …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Europa-Bergmeisterschaft — Die FIA Europa Bergmeisterschaft (European Hill Climb Championship) ist eine europäische Motorsport Serie von Bergrennen, die derzeit aus 13 Läufen besteht. Die Europa Bergmeisterschaft (EBM) wurde erstmals in den Jahren von 1930 bis 1933… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»