São Carlos

São Carlos

Infobox Settlement
official_name = São Carlos

imagesize = 250px
image_caption = View of São Carlos
motto = "A bandeirantibvs venio"spaces|2(Latin) "Proceed from bandeirantes"
nickname = The Capital of Technology,
Weather City and Sanca

image_shield = Brasão São Carlos.jpg

mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location in the São Paulo state.
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = Region
subdivision_type2 = State
subdivision_name = Brazil
subdivision_name1 = Southeast
subdivision_name2 = São Paulo
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Newton Lima Neto (PT)
established_title = Founded
established_date = 4 November 1857
established_title2 =
established_date2 =
established_title3 = Incorporated
established_date3 = 1880
area_note =
area_magnitude = 1 E9
area_total_km2 = 1140.92
area_urban_km2 = 67.25
population_as_of = 2006
population_metro = 265,000
area_metro_km2 =
population_total = 218,702
population_density_km2 = 191.7
timezone = UTC-3
utc_offset = -3
timezone_DST = UTC-2
utc_offset_DST = -2
latd= 22 |latm=01 |lats=04 |latNS=S
longd= 47 |longm=53 |longs=27 |longEW=W
elevation_m = 856
elevation_ft = 2,808.4
website = [http://www.saocarlos.sp.gov.br São Carlos]
footnotes = HDI (2000) 0.841 – high

São Carlos (Audio|Br-SaoCarlos.ogg|pronunciation pron. IPA2|sɐ̃w̃ 'kar.lus; Portuguese for Saint Charles Borromeo) is a city of 220,000 inhabitants in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. It is located at coord|22|01|04|S|47|53|27|W|


The city was founded during the "Golden Age of Coffee", in the year of 1857, by Antônio Carlos de Arruda Botelho, the "Count of Pinhal" (Conde do Pinhal), and was originally called "São Carlos do Pinhal" (pinhal is the Portuguese name, in Brazil, of the woodlands of Araucaria angustifolia). Eventually, the name was shortened to "São Carlos". Nowadays most of the region's agricultural production has shifted from coffee to sugar cane and dairy products, but the mainstay of the city's economy is industrialized and technological products.


São Carlos is located in the geographic center of the state of São Paulo, approximately 231 km (143 miles) from the City of São Paulo. Its altitude is over 856 m, offering a mild altitude climate. Most of the year the city is windy, sunny and with mild temperatures at night. For this reason the city is nicknamed "Cidade do Clima" (Weather City) and celebrates once a year an event called "Festa do Clima" (Portuguese for 'Weather Party'). The city has a total area of 1.141 km², which includes two districts to the north (Santa Eudóxia and Água Vermelha), one district to the west (Bela Vista São-carlense), and one district to the east (Vila Nery).

Economy and culture

The city has an active industrial profile and certain agricultural importance, backed by technologies developed by Embrapa, owner of two research complexes in the city. Due to the relatively high number of high technology industries situated in the city, it was nicknamed "The Capital of Technology".

The city hosts several locally-grown technology-based companies and factories of multinational corporations such as Faber Castell, Electrolux, Husqvarna, Tecumseh and the Brazilian factory of Volkswagen engines, and companies national corporations such as Toalhas São Carlos, Tapetes São Carlos, Papel São Carlos, Prominas Brasil, Cardinali and Latina.

São Carlos is home to the Federal University of São Carlos (UFSCar) and two University of São Paulo (USP) campuses,two of the most important universities in Brazil. Moreover other minor, private universities are also based in São Carlos. Because of this, São Carlos has a very high relative number of students, and that fact is reflected in the abundance of student-focused commercial establishments and the high number of student parties.

The cultural life is marked by the large number of college students that form a good audience for musical concerts of Brazilian contemporary alternative artists that usually include the city in their tours.

There are many cafes where graduate students and professors socialize.

ister cities


ee also

*Rodovia Washington Luís
*São Carlos Airport
*São Carlos FC
*Estádio Luisão
*São Carlos Clube
*Estádio Paulista

External links

* [http://www.aeronauticasc.eng.br Aeronautical Engineering Students Website]
* [http://www.seade.gov.br Fundação Sistema Estadual de Análise de Dados] has further demographic data for São Carlos.
* [http://www.saocarlos.sp.gov.br Official Web Site of São Carlos City Hall]
* [http://www.museuasasdeumsonho.com.br Official Web Site Aeronautical Museum]
* [http://www.if.sc.usp.br/ Instituto de Fisica de São Carlos]
* [http://www.iqsc.usp.br/ Instituto de Química de São Carlos]
* [http://www.if.sc.usp.br/~dft/ Density Functional Theory Research Group]

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sao Carlos — São Carlos Pour les articles homonymes, voir São Carlos (homonymie). 22° 01′ 04″ S 47° 53′ 27″ W …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • São Carlos — 22.016666666667 47.883333333333856 Koordinaten: 22° 1′ S, 47° 53′ W …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • São Carlos — ▪ central São Paulo state, Brazil       city, in the highlands of eastern São Paulo estado (state), southeastern Brazil. It is located at 2,903 feet (885 metres) above sea level on Monjolinho Stream, a tributary of the Jacaré Guaçu River.… …   Universalium

  • Sao Carlos — Original name in latin So Carlos Name in other language QSC, San Karlos, Sao Carlos, Sao Carlos do Pinhal, So Carlos, So Carlos do Pinhal, Сан Карлос State code BR Continent/City America/Sao Paulo longitude 22.0175 latitude 47.89083 altitude 838… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

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  • São Carlos (disambiguation) — São Carlos is Portuguese for Saint Charles. It may also refer to:* São Carlos, the city of the state of São Paulo in Brazil. * São Carlos FC, a Brazilian football (soccer) team. * São Carlos Clube, a club in the city of São Carlos, Brazil. * São… …   Wikipedia

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