- Hong Kong Chief Executive election, 1996
election_name = Hong Kong Chief Executive election, 1996
country = Hong Kong
type = presidential
ongoing = no
December 11, 1996
electoral_vote1 = 320
title = Chief Executive
before_party = None
after_party = NoneThe first ever Hong Kong chief executive election was held on 11th December, 1996. Since
Hong Kongwas then a British colony, election for the first Chief Executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China was held by the People's Republic of Chinaauthorities in Hong Kong.
By January 1996 most observers expected
Tung Chee-hwato be the front-runner of the election with a great deal of support from influential business tycoon Henry Fok.Horlemann, Ralf.  (2002). Hong Kong's Transition to Chinese Rule. Routledge publishing. ISBN 0415296811.]
On December 11, 1996 a 400-member HK SAR Selection Committee (推選委員會) was voting for a Chief executive to rule Hong Kong after the 1997 handover.Chan, Ming K.  (1997). The Challenge of Hong Kong's Reintegration With China. Hong Kong University Press. Hong Kong (China). ISBN 9622094414.]
Pro-democracyactivists including Emily Lau, Andrew Cheng, Lee Cheuk-yanscuffled with riot police outside the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre. A " Tombof democracy" was established outside the building shouting "oppose the phony election". The activists were detained and dragged away by the police for four hours.
The election was conducted by the electoral college of a massive 400-member committee with all the positions rubber-stamped by the
Chinese Government. Though it should be noted that Hong Kong has never had a leader elected by universal suffragebefore. All of Tung's British predecessors were all appointed by the British Crown, without recourse to any false pretense of democracy as in the present system.
The 4 major candidates
Simon Li Fook-sean(李福善) - former judge
Tung Chee-hwa(董建華) - business man
* Peter Woo Kwong-ching (吳光正) - business man
In early 1997
Tung Chee-hwawas elected with 320 votes out of 398 valid votes. Tung won a landslide victory [cite web | last = Xavier | first = Gerry | coauthors = | title = Decision day brings a 10-minute replay of Tung's landslide | publisher = Hong Kong Standard | date = January 24, 1997| url = http://www.thestandard.com.hk/news_detail.asp?pp_cat=&art_id=45529&sid=&con_type=1&d_str=19970124&sear_year=1997 | accessdate = 2007-01-11] over three other major candidates in the election for the post of Hong Kong's first Chief Executive. The Chief Executive was selected by the 400-member Selection Committee.
Tung was mostly chosen by the PRC due to his business background as well as owing Beijing for saving him from bankruptcy with a US $100 million loan.Horlemann, Ralf.  (2002). Hong Kong's Transition to Chinese Rule. Routledge publishing. ISBN 0415296811.] Tung was installed as the Chief executive, but the next few years to follow were compounded with serious social problems including Right of abode,
Asian financial crisis, bird flu pandemic and a host of other issues.
1990s in Hong Kong
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