infobox UK place
country = England
population = 5,000
region= South East England
postcode_district = TN16
Westerham is a town and
civil parishin the Sevenoaks District of Kent, Englandwith 5000 people. The parish is south of the North Downs, ten miles west of Sevenoaks. It covers 5800 acres (2320ha). It is recorded as early as the ninth century, and was mentioned in the Domesday Bookin a Norman form, Oistreham (compare Ouistrehamin Normandy). "Ham" is Old English for a village or homestead, and so Westerham means a "westerly homestead". The River Darentflows through the town, and formerly powered three watermills.
There is evidence that the area around Westerham has been settled for thousands of years: finds such as a Celtic fortification (c 2000 BC) and a Roman road are close by, along with the remains of a Roman encampment (just past the ruins of an 18th century watchtower folly south of the town at the summit of Tower Woods).
The manor was originally run by
Godwin, Earl of Kentand later by his son Harold the last Saxon King of England. The first Norman lord of Westerham was Eustace II of Boulogne, and the town appears in the Domesday Bookas Oistreham. By 1227 Henry III granted Westerham a market charter, making the new village a major player in the buying and selling of cattlein Kent, a tradition that survived to 1961 when the last cattle market was held. St Mary's church is thought to date from the 13th century, although it is much altered in Victorian times. In 1503 the Protestant martyr John Frithwas born in the town.
The Warde family have lived at Squerryes Court since 1731, their home is a
tourist attraction. General James Wolfewas born in the town in 1727, at what is now known as Quebec House- many streets and buildings are named after him, and St Mary's contains not only the font in which he was baptised but also a memorial window to him by Edward Burne-Jones. The village square contains statues to both Wolfe and Churchill.
Westerham was home to the Black Eagle Brewery, which was taken over by
Taylor Walker & Co. in the 1950s, becoming part of Ind Coopein 1959 and closing in 1965. Yeastfrom the brewery was preserved at the National Collection of Yeast Cultures and is now used by the present day Westerham Breweryin producing its ales.
Winston ChurchillMP purchased ChartwellManor on the outskirts of Westerham, which, apart from the time he spent at 10 Downing Street, was his home for the rest of his life. Chartwell is now administered by the National Trust.
There is a statue of Sir Winston Churchill on the village green at Westerham. It was sculpted by
Oscar Nemonand stands on a base of Yugoslavian stone, the gift of Marshal Tito.
Chartwell is accessible by Routes: 246 from
BromleyNorth (TFL Route) , 401 from Sevenoaksand Tunbridge Wellsand 510 from Oxtedon summer Sundays and Bank Holidays only.
The M25 runs nearby and the A25 runs along through the town.The M25 can be accessed via either the A22 or the A21, altough Westerham is signed frequently on the M25, the A233 does not have a junction with the M25.
The South Eastern Railway opened the 4½ mile (7.2km) branch line from Dunton Green to Westerham station on
7 July 1881; All services were withdrawn from the branch on 28 October 1961. Part of the trackbed of the railway is now covered by the line of the M25 which runs to the north of the town.
* [http://www.westerhamtown.co.uk Westerham Town Web Site]
* [http://www.villagenet.co.uk/sevenoaks-weald/villages/westerham.php Villagenet page]
* [http://www.squerryes.co.uk Squerryes Court]
* [http://www.westerhambrewery.co.uk Westerham Brewery]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Westerham — ist mit 3.054 Einwohnern (Stand 31. Dezember 2004) der größte Ortsteil der Gemeinde Feldkirchen Westerham. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Geographie 2 Geschichte 3 Sehenswürdigkeiten 4 Wirtschaft … Deutsch Wikipedia
Westerham — (spr. ŭéßtĕm), Marktflecken in der engl. Grafschaft Kent, 10 km westlich von Sevenoaks, hat eine alte Kirche und (1901) 2905 Einw. W. ist Geburtsort des Generals Wolfe … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Westerham — Original name in latin Westerham Name in other language Westerham State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 51.26632 latitude 0.06892 altitude 116 Population 3048 Date 2011 02 05 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Westerham — 51°16′0″N 0°4′10″E / 51.26667, 0.06944 Westerham est une ville située dans le district de Sevenoaks, dans le comté du Kent … Wikipédia en Français
Westerham (Begriffsklärung) — Westerham ist der Ortsname von Westerham (Bad Aibling), Ortsteil der Stadt Bad Aibling, Landkreis Rosenheim, Bayern Westerham (Bernau am Chiemsee), Ortsteil der Gemeinde Bernau am Chiemsee, Landkreis Rosenheim, Bayern Westerham (Feldkirchen… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Westerham Valley Branch Line — The Westerham Valley Branch Line was a short railway line in Kent that connected Westerham, Brasted and Chevening with the village of Dunton Green and the South Eastern Main Line, a distance of 4.5 miles (7.2km). History Authorisation for the… … Wikipedia
Westerham railway station — Infobox UK disused station name = Westerham gridref = TQ448544 manager = South Eastern Railway SECR | locale = Westerham owner = Southern Railway Southern Region of British Railways borough = Sevenoaks platforms = 1 years = 3 July 1881… … Wikipedia
Westerham Brewery — Established in 2004 by Robert Wicks, The Westerham Brewery Company brought brewing back to the historic town of Westerham.Producing real ale for the local market. Locally sourced, the malt and hops are chosen to produce ales with a distinct,… … Wikipedia
Westerham (Bad Aibling) — Wappen Deutschlandkarte … Deutsch Wikipedia
Feldkirchen-Westerham — Wappen Deutschlandkarte … Deutsch Wikipedia