Joaquim António de Aguiar


Joaquim António de Aguiar

Infobox Prime Minister
name=Joaquim António de Aguiar


order=Prime Minister of Portugal
term_start =June 9,1841
term_end =February 7,1842
May 1, 1860July 4,1860
September 4,1865January 4,1868
predecessor =José Travassos Valdez
António Severim de Noronha
Bernardo de Sá Nogueira de Figueiredo
successor =Pedro de Sousa Holstein
Nuno José de Moura Barreto
António José de Ávila
birth_date =birth date|1792|8|24|mf=y
death_date =death date and age|1884|5|26|1792|8|24|mf=y
party=Regenerator
Progressist

Joaquim António de Aguiar (Coimbra, August 24, 1792 - Lisbon, May 26,1884) was a Portuguese politician from during the constitutional monarchy and an important leader of the Cartists and later of the "Partido Regenerador" (English: Regenerator Party). He was for three times the prime minister of Portugal, from 1841 to 1842, then in 1860 and lastly from 1865 to 1868, this time in a coalition with the "Partido Progressista" (English: Progressist Party), in what is known as the "Governo de Fusão" (English: Fusion Government).

He also served as the justice minister during the Peter IV regency. It was while holding this office that he issued the May 30, 1834 law, that ordered the extinction of "all convents, monasteries, colleges, hospices and any other houses of the regular religious orders", being their possessions taken by the State and incorporated into the "Fazeda Nacional" (the Exchequer). This law, and its anti-ecclesiastical spirit gained him the nickname of "O Mata-Frades" (English: "The Friar-Killer").

Referencies

[http://www.arqnet.pt/dicionario/aguiarjoaqant.html Portugal - Dicionário Histórico, Corográfico, Heráldico, Biográfico, Bibliográfico,Numismático e Artístico] Volume I, págs. 94-95.


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