Gerry Rafferty


Gerry Rafferty
Gerry Rafferty

Rafferty performing at Dublin's National Stadium
6 September 1980
Background information
Birth name Gerald Rafferty
Born 16 April 1947(1947-04-16)
Paisley, Renfrewshire, Scotland
Died 4 January 2011(2011-01-04) (aged 63)
Stroud, Gloucestershire, England
Genres Rock, pop, folk rock, blues rock
Occupations Musician, songwriter
Instruments Vocals, guitar, piano, saxophone
Years active 1966–2000,
2009–2010
Labels Transatlantic Records
United Artists Records
London Records
Hypertension
Associated acts The Humblebums
Stealers Wheel

Gerald "Gerry" Rafferty (16 April 1947 – 4 January 2011) was a Scottish singer songwriter best known for his solo hits "Baker Street", "Right Down the Line", "Days Gone Down", "Night Owl", "Get It Right Next Time", and with the band Stealers Wheel, "Stuck in the Middle with You". Rafferty was born into a working-class family in Paisley, Renfrewshire, Scotland. His mother taught him both Irish and Scottish folk songs as a boy; later, he was influenced by the music of The Beatles and Bob Dylan. He joined the folk-pop band The Humblebums in 1969, but left in 1971 and recorded his first solo album Can I Have My Money Back. Rafferty and Joe Egan formed the group Stealers Wheel in 1972, producing several hits, most notably "Stuck in the Middle with You". In 1978, he recorded his second solo album, City to City, which includes "Baker Street", his most popular song.

Contents

Early years

Rafferty was born on 16 April 1947 into a working-class family in Paisley, a son and grandson of coal miners.[1] He was a son of Mary Skeffington and Joseph Rafferty (died 1963);[2] and had two brothers, Jim and Joe (died 1995).[3] Rafferty grew up in a council house on the town’s Foxbar estate and was educated at St Mirin's Academy.[3] His Irish-born father, a violent alcoholic, was a miner and lorry driver who died when Rafferty was 16.[2] His mother was Scottish and taught him both Irish and Scottish folk songs as a boy: "My father was Irish so growing up in Paisley I was hearing all these songs when I was two or three. Songs like 'She Moves Through the Fair', which my mother sings beautifully. And a whole suite of Irish traditional songs and Scots traditional songs."[4][5] Heavily influenced by folk music and the music of The Beatles and Bob Dylan, the young Rafferty started to write his own material.[3]

Foxbar in Paisley, Renfrewshire, where Gerry Rafferty grew up.

Musical career

Rafferty left St. Mirin's Academy in 1963. He worked in a butcher's shop, as a civil service clerk, and in a shoe shop, although as he noted in a later interview: "But there was never anything else for me but music. I never intended making a career out of any of the jobs I did."[6] On weekends he and a schoolfriend, Joe Egan, played in a local group named The Mavericks. In the mid 1960s Rafferty earned money, for a time, busking on the London Underground. In 1966 he was a member of the band The Fifth Column, along with future Stealers Wheel collaborator Joe Egan. The group released the single "Benjamin Day"/"There's Nobody Here" (Columbia 8068), but it was not a commercial success.

The Humblebums/Stealers Wheel

In 1969 he became the third member of an existing folk-pop duo The Humblebums which featured future comedian Billy Connolly and Tam Harvey. Harvey left shortly afterwards and Rafferty and Connolly went on to record two acclaimed albums for Transatlantic Records as a duo. After the two decided to go their separate ways in 1971, Transatlantic owner Nathan Joseph signed Rafferty to a contract as a solo performer and Rafferty recorded his first solo album – Can I Have My Money Back. The album was a critical success but did not enjoy commercial success. In 1972, Rafferty and Egan formed Stealers Wheel, a group which was beset by legal wranglings, but did have a huge hit "Stuck in the Middle With You", which 20 years later was used prominently in the 1992 movie Reservoir Dogs. Stealers Wheel also produced the lesser top 50 hits, "Everything'll Turn Out Fine", followed by "Star". The duo disbanded in 1975.[7]

City to City/Night Owl

A street sign from Baker Street in west London, the inspiration for Rafferty's famous song.

Legal issues after the breakup of Stealers Wheel meant that, for three years, Rafferty was unable to release any material.[7] After the disputes were resolved in 1978, he recorded his second solo album, City to City, with producer Hugh Murphy, which included the song with which he remains most identified, "Baker Street". The single reached #3 in the UK and #2 in the US.[8] The album sold over 5.5 million copies, toppling the Saturday Night Fever soundtrack in the US on 8 July 1978.[9] "Baker Street" featured a distinctive saxophone solo played by Raphael Ravenscroft,[10] although written by Rafferty himself.[11][12] As the singer recalled in a 1988 interview with Colin Irwin: "When I wrote the song I saw that bit as an instrumental part but I didn’t know what. We tried electric guitar but it sounded weak, and we tried other things and I think it was Hugh Murphy’s suggestion that we tried saxophone."[4] The song remains a mainstay of soft-rock radio airplay[13] and, in October 2010, it was recognised by the BMI for surpassing 5 million plays worldwide. "Stuck in the Middle With You" has received over 4 million plays worldwide, and "Right Down The Line" has had over 3 million plays[14]

"Right Down the Line" was the second single from City to City. The song made #12 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart and #1 on the Hot Adult Contemporary Tracks charts in the US. It remained at the top of the adult contemporary chart for four non-consecutive weeks. The third single from the album, "Home and Dry", reached #28 in the US Top 40 in early 1979.[15] One of the lesser known songs from that time is "Big Change in the Weather" (the B-side of "Baker Street").[16]

The irony of the success of "Baker Street" was that the lyrics reflected Rafferty’s disenchantment with certain elements of the music industry. This was elaborated by music journalist Paul Gambaccini for BBC World News:.[17]

His song "Baker Street" was about how uncomfortable he felt in the star system, and what do you know, it was a giant world hit. The album City to City went to #1 in America, and suddenly he found that as a result of his protest, he was a bigger star than ever. And he now had more of what he didn’t like. And although he had a few more hit singles in the United States, by 1980 it was basically all over, and when I say 'it', I mean basically his career, because he just was not comfortable with this.

His next album, Night Owl, also did well. Guitarist Richard Thompson helped by performing on the track "Take The Money and Run", and the title track was a UK #5 hit in 1979. "Days Gone Down" reached #17 in the US. The follow-up single "Get It Right Next Time" made the UK and US Top 40.

Snakes and Ladders/Sleepwalking/North And South

Several of Gerry Rafferty's solo albums, including City to City and Night Owl and parts of Snakes and Ladders and Sleepwalking, were recorded at Chipping Norton Recording Studios, which occupied this grade II listed building at 28/30 New Street, Chipping Norton, Oxfordshire from 1972 until its closure in 1999.[18]

Subsequent albums, such as Snakes and Ladders (1980), Sleepwalking (1982), and North and South (1988), fared less well, perhaps due partly to Rafferty's longstanding reluctance to perform live, which he felt uncomfortable with.[11][19]

The deeply introspective lyrics of the 1982 album Sleepwalking suggested Rafferty found success far from glamorous: songs like "Standing at the Gates", "Change of Heart", and "The Right Moment" suggest the singer was exhausted, burnt-out, and desperately seeking a new direction. Liner notes for the compilation album Right Down the Line (prepared with Rafferty's close cooperation[20]) confirmed this several years later, noting the singer was now "finding himself at the crossroads and looking to replace the treadmill with a new dimension in his life".[21] In 1983, Rafferty announced his intention to take a break and devote more time to his family: "It dawned on me that since Baker Street I had been touring the world, travelling everywhere and seeing nowhere. Whatever I do in the future, it's at my own pace, on my own terms."[22]

Based at 16th-century[23] Tye Farm in Hartfield, near the Kent-Sussex border, Rafferty installed electric gates to protect his privacy, built a recording studio, and worked largely by himself[24] or with Hugh Murphy.[4][25] According to his former wife Carla, who discouraged visitors: "He was just stalling for time. Maybe some new project would suddenly happen, but I knew he'd crossed the line as far as the record business went."[25] It was six years before he released his next record, North and South. In his 1988 interview with Colin Irwin, to promote the album, Rafferty mentioned that he was interested in doing more production work, writing film soundtracks, and even floated the idea of writing a musical about the life of Robert Louis Stevenson.[4]

Rafferty collaborated with several other artists during this time. In 1980, he and Murphy produced a record for Richard and Linda Thompson; though never released, it eventually evolved into their album Shoot Out the Lights.[4] It was also during this period that Rafferty sang the Knopfler-penned song "The Way It Always Starts" (1983) on the soundtrack of the film Local Hero, and co-produced The Proclaimers first UK hit single "Letter from America" in 1987 with Hugh Murphy.[26]

On a Wing and a Prayer/Over My Head

Rafferty released two further albums in the 1990s in what musician Tom Robinson later described as "a major return to form".[27] On a Wing and a Prayer (1992) reunited him with his Stealers Wheel partner Egan on several tracks. It included three tracks cowritten with Rafferty's brother Jim, also a singer-songwriter, who had been signed to Decca Records in the 1970s. Rafferty recorded a new version of his Humblebums song "Her Father Didn't Like Me Anyway" on the album Over My Head (1994). These were the last two records Rafferty produced with Hugh Murphy, who died in 1998. According to guitarist Hugh Burns, Murphy's death was "a great blow to Gerry"[27] and marked the end of a creative partnership that had lasted almost 30 years.

Another World/Life Goes On

By the end of the 1990s, new technology enabled Rafferty to distance himself even further from the conventional approach of the music industry and work entirely on his own terms. Now based in London, he employed sound engineer Giles Twigg to assemble a Digidesign mobile recording studio and, with Twigg's help, recorded the album Another World in London, Scotland, Barbados, France, and Italy with collaborators from previous albums, including Hugh Burns, Mark Knopfler, Kenny Craddock, and Mo Foster.[28][29] Through his company Icon Music, Rafferty promoted and sold the album independently on a website (www.gerryrafferty.com) created specifically for the purpose.

Another World, released in 2000, was originally available only via direct order from his website[30], but since 2003 is available on the Hypertension label. Another World, almost an esoteric work, also with assistance of Mark Knopfler and Egan, featured an album cover illustrated by John 'Patrick' Byrne, who also illustrated the covers for Can I Have My Money Back?, City to City, Night Owl, and Snakes and Ladders, and all three Stealers Wheel albums. Byrne was also responsible for one of Rafferty's most prized possessions[31]: a hand-painted Martin acoustic guitar bearing his portrait and the name 'Gerry Rafferty', which features in many photographs of the singer.[6][21]

Another World marked a new departure for the singer. As he explained in a press release heralding the new record in November 2000: "My heart and soul have gone into this album, and by releasing it in this way my creative influence has not been diluted in any way."[32] Finally, thanks to the Internet, it seemed Rafferty no longer needed the music industry: technology was allowing him to put his music directly in the hands of an appreciative audience. In a blog posting dated 31 March 2004 he wrote: "Let's get back to music: after all that's the only reason that this website has been set up." Another posting announced that Rafferty would begin to release music regularly as free downloads: "In reality, Gerry could put a new track out every two weeks or so. We will keep you informed of developments as they happen."[33] Only a handful of tracks were ever released, however, and the website eventually closed down without any explanation.

In 2009 Rafferty released Life Goes On, again on Hypertension. This album features a mixture of new recordings, covers of Christmas carols and traditional songs that had previously been available as downloads on his web site, and edited tracks from his previous three albums.[34]

Posthumous

Rafferty's death in January 2011 rekindled interest in the singer's work. According to his daughter Martha, interviewed by Glasgow's Sunday Mail some months later: "What surprised me most was the reaction on the internet. Baker Street had two million hits in the two days after his death and he was the third most talked about subject on Twitter."[19] In May 2011, Martha Rafferty launched an official Facebook page named "The REAL Gerry Rafferty Page" as a tribute to her father.[35] In September 2011, EMI issued a remastered, collector's edition of City to City featuring previously unheard demo versions of "Baker Street", "Mattie's Rag", "City to City", and other tracks from the album.

Attitude to the music industry

Rafferty drew a clear distinction between the artistic integrity of a musician, on the one hand, and the music industry's need to create celebrities and sell products, on the other. In an interview with Colin Irwin in 1988, he said: "There's a thin line between being a songwriter and a singer and being a personality... If you feel uncomfortable with it you shouldn't do it. It's not for me – there are too many inherent contradictions."[4] Two decades later, speaking to the press after Rafferty's funeral, Charlie Reid of The Proclaimers confirmed Rafferty's dislike of celebrity: "He was not entirely comfortable with fame. Even more so than most people who work in this business, he saw it as not a good thing".[36] Reid believed Rafferty was fundamentally unsuited to the pressures of celebrity: "He struck me as a very, very sensitive man and for someone like that, fame was probably not appropriate."[37]

Generally an autobiographical writer,[6] Rafferty returned to this theme often, in the lyrics of Stealers Wheel songs such as "Star", "Stuck in the Middle With You", and "Good Businessman", and later solo tracks like "Take the Money and Run" (from Night Owl), "Welcome to Hollywood" (from Snakes and Ladders), and "Sleepwalking" (from the album of the same name). The liner notes to the compilation album Right Down the Line, written by Jerry Gilbert with Rafferty's close cooperation, note his consistent refusal to tour the USA and "generally 'play the industry game'."[21] It was ironic that Rafferty—a lover and collector of religious icons, who would later name one of his publishing companies "Icon Music"[38]—was also an iconoclast.[21] According to Michael Gray, Rafferty's personal manager at the height of his success, he turned down many opportunities to work with other artists:[25] "... he retained a healthy scepticism not just about the music industry but about society, money and politics in general. His background was soaked in Scottish socialism and poverty, his mind sharp and his personality acerbic, and he wasn't going to be dazzled by the glamour of success."[39]

Rafferty never changed his mind about the music business; if anything, his views hardened. In 2000, he told the Paisley Daily Express that the second Stealers Wheel album, released in 1974, had been named Ferguslie Park, after a deprived[40] area of Paisley, "to get as far away as possible from all the bullshit of the music industry in London."[6]. In a November 2009 interview with the Sunday Express, he said: "The music industry... is something I loathe and detest. It conjures up images of a gigantic factory spewing out parts of the machine. In many respects, this of course is exactly what it is now. Pumping out s**t like there’s no tomorrow."[41] The last word came from Father John Tormey, celebrating Rafferty's funeral mass, who suggested the singer's attitude to fame was an indication of his spiritual integrity: "He always searched for a more authentic way to live his life, shunning the outward trappings of celebrity so that he might live as he chose to live his life."[36]

Personal life

"There have been periods in my life where I have experienced depression...It has been through some of my darkest moments that I have written some of my best songs. For me, singing and writing is very therapeutic...My main ambition is to continue to write music, which helps me to evolve in a spiritual sense and hopefully to inspire others."

Gerry Rafferty[41]

Rafferty met Carla Ventilla (a 15-year-old apprentice hairdresser from an Italian family in Clydebank) at a dancehall in 1965—a story he later recounted in the song "Shipyard Town" on the album North and South. They married in 1970 and lived in Scotland with their daughter, Martha, before moving to the south of England in the late 1970s,[11] where they divided their time between their farm near the Kent-Sussex border and a home in Hampstead, London.[25] Rafferty's lengthy commutes from London to Scotland inspired a number of songs on the album City to City (including the title track and "Mattie's Rag", which recounted his delight at being reunited with his daughter), while the later move south inspired "The Garden of England" (from the album Snakes and Ladders) and a number of songs on North and South. After the completion of Another World, Rafferty planned to move back to Scotland and bought "a substantial listed 1860s mansion" in the Highland village of Strathpeffer[42], although he sold the property two years later and never actually moved in.[43]

Alcoholism

Rafferty had always enjoyed alcohol[11][27][19][44] and early songs, such as "One Drink Down", "Baker Street", and "Night Owl", freely mention the subject. He told friends that his alcoholism dated back to his childhood,[45] though even people close to him had no idea how it would come to dominate his life. Martha Rafferty believes her father started drinking heavily to cope with the pressures of playing on stage, but says his problem "wasn't obvious" for many years.[19] According to Michael Gray, the singer's personal manager in the early 1980s: "It never occurred to me in all the time I knew him that he was heading for alcoholism. Maybe I should have realised, but I didn't. I'm unsure whether he did."[39] As the 1980s progressed, Rafferty's growing drink problem placed his marriage under impossible strain[25] and his wife divorced him in 1990,[46] though they remained close.[25] In 1995, Rafferty was deeply affected by the death of his older brother Joseph, an event from which family and friends have said he never fully recovered.[44][47]

In the late 1980s, Rafferty had told journalist Colin Irwin "I was always very conscious about keeping a low profile because that's the way I like to go about it. And I don't plan to be in the public eye too much now either."[4] However, in the last decade of his life, having taken pains to shun the fame and celebrity that accompanied his musical achievements, Rafferty found himself making headlines once again as he struggled with alcoholism and depression and the increasingly erratic behaviour they spawned.[48]

In April 2005, Rafferty was admitted to St Mary's Hospital in London after collapsing at his Hampstead home. According to a later report in the Daily Mail, Rafferty quashed rumours that he had taken an overdose of prescription drugs[47] and revealed the cause "was actually a drunken fall down the stairs which produced a nasty head injury".[49]

Rafferty later sold his London home and moved to California, where his daughter was then living, but often flew back to the UK. In 2006, the Daily Mail reported that the singer had been taken by police in a wheelchair to a Church of Scotland drying-out clinic after arriving in Inverness drunk on a private plane flight after a "ten-hour bender".[50]

While the news stories focused on Rafferty's binges, they revealed nothing of his private struggle with alcohol or the impact on his family and friends. His fiancee Enzina Fuschini said he "felt that he was under some sort of evil spell. He felt crippled by it... I saw a man in despair",[44] while his daughter Martha, interviewed by Graham Stellard after her father's death, revealed that Rafferty had "tried all the normal routes of abstaining or getting help but he wasn't able to do it... I tried everything I could. It was extremely painful to see him live out his life through alcoholism... It tore me apart on a daily basis."[19]

Disappearance

In 2008, Rafferty moved away from California and briefly rented a home in Ireland, where his drinking soon became a problem again.[25] In July that year, it was rumoured that his friend and former musical partner Billy Connolly had arranged for the singer to enter rehab.[51] But Rafferty apparently checked himself out and flew to London instead, where he holed up in the five-star Westbury Hotel in Mayfair and began a four-day drinking session that left his room extensively damaged. Speaking to the Telegraph later, the hotel's director, Alex Huggan commented: "It was such a shame. In person, Mr Rafferty was a really nice man, he kept himself to himself and didn't bother the other guests but he was clearly on a downward spiral. He was in self-destruct mode."[52]

There were conflicting reports about what happened next. The newspaper Scotland on Sunday reported that Rafferty had been asked to leave the hotel and had then checked himself into St Thomas' Hospital suffering from a chronic liver condition, brought on by heavy drinking. The same report claimed that on 1 August 2008, Rafferty had disappeared, leaving his belongings behind, and that the hospital had filed a missing persons report.[13] However no such missing persons report existed.[52] On 17 February 2009, The Guardian reported that Rafferty was in hiding in the south of England, being cared for by a friend.[53] Subsequently, Rafferty's spokesperson Paul Charles told The Independent newspaper that he had been in touch with Rafferty two weeks previously and that he was alive and well but had no plans to either record or tour.[53] This was then contradicted by a further report in The Daily Telegraph on the following day which quoted from a statement by his solicitors issued to Channel 4 News: "Contrary to reports, Gerry is extremely well and has been living in Tuscany for the last six months… he continues to compose and record new songs and music… and he hopes to release a new album of his most recent work in the summer of this year [2009]."[54][55] The album, titled Life Goes On, was released in November 2009.[34]

The mystery surrounding Rafferty's disappearance was only clarified later. In November 2009, Rafferty told a journalist from the Sunday Express that he had been living in Florence, Italy, splitting his time between a home in Dorset and visits to Scotland each year.[41] But a slightly different story emerged after his death. After leaving St Thomas' Hospital, and while claiming to be in Tuscany, he was quietly moving from one London hotel to another. It was during this time that he met Enzina Fuschini, an Italian artist and designer from Dorset. Rafferty and Fuschini fell in love and rented a large home together in Upton, near Poole.[56] During 2009, Fuschini cared for the singer and tried to help him overcome his alcoholism, and Rafferty proposed to Fuschini at the Ritz Hotel in Paris on Christmas Eve 2009.[45][44]

Death

In November 2010, Rafferty was admitted to the Royal Bournemouth Hospital, where he was put on a life-support machine and treated for multi-organ failure. After being taken off life-support, Rafferty rallied for a time and it seemed that he might survive and recover.[57][58] He died at his daughter Martha's home in Stroud, Gloucestershire[59][60] on 4 January 2011 of liver failure.

A Requiem Mass for Gerry Rafferty was celebrated at St Mirin's Cathedral in his native Paisley on Friday 21 January 2011. Politicians in attendance were the First Minister of Scotland the Rt Hon Alex Salmond MSP, Wendy Alexander MSP, Hugh Henry MSP, and Robin Harper MSP. Musicians present included Craig and Charlie Reid of The Proclaimers, former bandmates Joe Egan and Rab Noakes, Barbara Dickson, and Graham Lyle. The eulogy was given by Rafferty's longstanding friend John Byrne. His remains were thereafter cremated at Woodside Crematorium in Paisley[61] and his ashes scattered on the island of Iona.[62] He is survived by his daughter, granddaughter Celia and brother Jim.[2]

Tributes

Newspapers printed lengthy obituaries for the singer; in The Guardian, Michael Gray charted Rafferty's long downward spiral into alcoholism,[25] while a full-page obituary in The Times summarized his career more positively: "As well as being a singer of considerable talent who at one time had the pop world at his feet, Gerry Rafferty was also a consummate songwriter, blessed with sensitivity and an enviable melodic flair that at its best recalled Paul McCartney."[63]

Other entertainers also paid tribute to Rafferty, with comedian and ex-bandmate Billy Connolly calling him "a hugely talented songwriter and singer who will be greatly missed" and musician Tom Robinson saying, "His early work with Stealers Wheel was an inspiration to a whole generation of songwriters in the 70s, including me."[64] Speaking after the funeral, Charlie Reid of The Proclaimers said: "I think Gerry Rafferty was one of the few people who really successfully straddled the worlds of both folk and popular music. He did it really well and he was respected in both camps."[37] Barbara Dickson also paid tribute to her friend, whom she described as a "luminous, glorious Scottish musician".[5] A spokesperson for Rafferty's last record label, Hypertension, commented that he "was a major talent. His songwriting, production and the way he sang his songs, with that beautiful voice of his, was truly wonderful and inspiring."[65]

The reaction of younger artists suggests Rafferty's music has also inspired a new generation of fans. Shortly after news of the singer's death, Lily Allen tweeted the message "Rest in Peace Gerry x" with a video link to the song "Right Down the Line",[66] reputedly one of her favourite music tracks.[67] Electropop star Elly Jackson described "Right Down the Line" as "my favourite track of all time. It makes me think of home, nostalgia and happiness."[67]

Discography

Albums

Year Title US Chart UK Albums Chart[68] RIAA Certification BPI Certification
1972 Can I Have My Money Back
1978 City to City 1 6 Platinum Gold
1979 Night Owl 29 9 Gold Gold
1980 Snakes and Ladders 61 15 Silver
1982 Sleepwalking 39
1988 North and South 43
1992 On a Wing and a Prayer 73
1994 Over My Head
2000 Another World
Compilations
1974 Gerry Rafferty (Rafferty's 1969 & 1970 Humblebums recordings - plus one 1971 solo track)
1984 First Chapter
1984 Baker Street
1989 Right Down the Line: The Best Of Gerry Rafferty
1995 One More Dream: The Very Best of Gerry Rafferty 17
2006 Days Gone Down: The Anthology: 1970–1982
2009 Life Goes On
2011 Collected: Gerry Rafferty/Stealers Wheel/The Humblebums - 54 Tracks on 3 CDs

Chart singles

Year Title US Hot 100[69] UK Singles Chart[70]
1978 "Baker Street" 2 3
"Right Down The Line" 12 -
"Home and Dry" 28 -
1979 "Night Owl" - 5
"Days Gone Down" 17 -
"Get It Right Next Time" 21 30
1980 "Bring It All Home" - 54
"Royal Mile (Sweet Darlin')" 54 67
1990 "Baker Street (remix)" - 53

References

  1. ^ "Gerry Rafferty's 'Baker Street' Blues: Rolling Stone's 1978 Feature". Rolling Stone. August 24, 1978. http://www.rollingstone.com/music/news/gerry-raffertys-baker-street-blues-rolling-stones-1978-feature-20110104. 
  2. ^ a b c Gray, Michael (4 January 2011). "Gerry Rafferty obituary". The Guardian (London). http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/2011/jan/04/gerry-rafferty-obituary. Retrieved 5 January 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c "Music Obituaries: Gerry Rafferty". London: telegraph.co.uk. 4 January 2011. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/obituaries/culture-obituaries/music-obituaries/8239825/Gerry-Rafferty.html. Retrieved 4 January 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Gerry Rafferty Interview by Colin Irwin, Folk Roots, 1988
  5. ^ a b Tributes paid to Gerry Rafferty by John Kilbride, STV, 5 January 2011
  6. ^ a b c d You can take the boy out of Paisley... but you can't take Paisley out the boy!, Paisley Daily Express, 23 June 2000
  7. ^ a b Bruce Eder, Stealers Wheel at Allmusic.com
  8. ^ "BBC Radio 2 – Sold on Song – TOP 100 – number 48 – Baker street". BBC Music. http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio2/soldonsong/songlibrary/bakerstreet.shtml. Retrieved 12 September 2008. 
  9. ^ Billboard Album Chart, 8 July 1978
  10. ^ Maconie, Stuart (2004). Cider With Roadies (1st ed.). London: Random House. p. 256. ISBN 0-091-89115-9. 
  11. ^ a b c d The Man Who Was Down to Earth Melody Maker, May 12, 1979.
  12. ^ Noakes, Rab (2011). City to City: Remastered: Collector's Edition: Liner Notes. EMI Records. http://gerryrafferty.com/CitytoCityRemasteredCollectorsEdition2011. "...let's hope [the Baker Street demo] will, at last, silence all who keep on asserting that the saxophone player came up with the melody line. He didn't. He just blew what he was told by the person who did write it, Gerry Rafferty." 
  13. ^ a b "Stuck in a battle with booze". Edinburgh: Scotland On Sunday. 2 August 2008. http://news.scotsman.com/opinion/Stuck-in-a-battle-with.4352529.jp. Retrieved 21 August 2008. 
  14. ^ BMI
  15. ^ Joel Whitburn, "The Billboard Book of Top 40 Hits (6th Edition)", p. 493.
  16. ^ United Artists Records, Catalogue 1192 (US Release), 1978
  17. ^ BBC World News (television), 5 Jan 2011
  18. ^ Burns, Phil. "Chipping Norton Studios". A History of British Recording Studios from the 50s-80s. http://www.philsbook.com/chipping-norton.html. Retrieved 2 November 2011. 
  19. ^ a b c d e Stellard, Graham (14 August 2011). "Gerry Rafferty's daughter opens heart on how Baker Street destroyed her dad". Sunday Mail (Glasgow). http://www.dailyrecord.co.uk/2011/08/14/gerry-rafferty-s-daughter-opens-heart-on-how-baker-street-destroyed-her-dad-86908-23344048/. Retrieved 16 September 2011. 
  20. ^ "Biography": Introductory text to Jerry Gilbert's notes from Gerry Rafferty's website, Retrieved from Wayback Machine archive of www.gerryrafferty.com, 27 February 2011
  21. ^ a b c d Gerry Rafferty Biography: 'Right Down the Line' Liner Notes, Retrieved from Wayback Machine archive of www.gerryrafferty.com, 21 February 2011
  22. ^ Baker Street Legend Rafferty Dies at 63, Evening times, 5 January 2011
  23. ^ The Weald Database: Tye Farm Retrieved 25 February 2011.
  24. ^ Musician Gerry Rafferty took refuge in farm at height of fame by Lee Moran, This is Kent, 11 January 2011.
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h Gerry Rafferty Obituary, Michael Gray, 4 January 2011
  26. ^ Letter From America (Band Version)
  27. ^ a b c "Gerry Rafferty: Right Down the Line". TV documentary produced by Neon Productions (Glasgow) for BBC Scotland, co-produced by Valerie Lyon and Robert Noakes, 2011.
  28. ^ Giles Twigg CV details, Retrieved 22 February 2011
  29. ^ Mo Foster Discography, Retrieved 22 February 2011
  30. ^ Archived version of Gerry Rafferty's Website (December 6,2000), Retrieved from Wayback Machine, 26 February 2011
  31. ^ Rafferty, Martha. "The REAL Gerry Rafferty Facebook Page". http://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=192298404166792&set=a.192298397500126.51772.161541440575822. Retrieved 14 September 2011. "It was my Dad's most valued possession, wrote many songs on that guitar." 
  32. ^ News Release, PR Newswire, 27 November 2000.
  33. ^ News section postings dated 23 February 2004 and 31 March 2004, Retrieved from Wayback Machine archive of www.gerryrafferty.com, 21 February 2011
  34. ^ a b Life Goes On — new release by Gerry Rafferty
  35. ^ Rafferty, Martha. "The REAL Gerry Rafferty Page". http://www.facebook.com/OfficialGerryRaffertyPage. Retrieved 15 September 2011. 
  36. ^ a b Gerry Rafferty's funeral is held in Paisley, BBC News, 21 January 2011.
  37. ^ a b Mourners pay tribute to Gerry Rafferty, Telegraph, 21 January 2011.
  38. ^ 'Icon Gallery' introductory notes by Gerry Rafferty, Retrieved from Wayback Machine archive of www.gerryrafferty.com, 21 February 2011
  39. ^ a b Death of Gerry Rafferty by Michael Gray, Bob Dylan Encyclopedia Blog, 5 January 2011
  40. ^ Study shows 'most deprived' areas BBC News, 17 October 2006
  41. ^ a b c Heathcote, Charlotte (22 November 2009). "Gerry Rafferty is back on a new platform". Daily Express. http://www.express.co.uk/posts/view/141837/Gerry-Rafferty-is-back-on-a-new-platform. 
  42. ^ Robertson, Alastair (4 April 2004). "Baker Street to easy street". The Times. http://property.timesonline.co.uk/tol/life_and_style/property/article1054436.ece. Retrieved 24 September 2011. 
  43. ^ Davison, Phil (6 January 2011). "Obituary: Gerry Rafferty, singer and songwriter". The Scotsman. http://news.scotsman.com/obituaries/Obituary-Gerry-Rafferty-singer-and.6681050.jp. Retrieved 24 September 2011. 
  44. ^ a b c d 'I lost my soulmate' says Gerry Rafferty's fiancee, Bournemouth Echo, 3 February 2011.
  45. ^ a b My love for Gerry Rafferty, Daily Mirror, 31 January 2011.
  46. ^ "Gerry Rafferty, 'Baker Street' Singer, Dies at 63". Billboard.com. http://www.billboard.com/news/gerry-rafferty-baker-street-singer-dies-1004137783.story#/news/gerry-rafferty-baker-street-singer-dies-1004137783.story. Retrieved 5 January 2011. 
  47. ^ a b Overdose fear for singer Rafferty by By John McEachran, Glasgow Daily Record, 2005.
  48. ^ Martin, Douglas (4 January 2011). "Gerry Rafferty, Songwriter, Dies at 63". The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/05/arts/music/05rafferty.html. 
  49. ^ Haunted by his greatest hit: Baker Street made him rich beyond his dreams, but it plunged Gerry Rafferty into drunken self-destruction by Jane Fryer, Daily Mail, 6 January 2011.
  50. ^ Gerry Rafferty's private plane to Blotto Street by Jane Simpson and Dennis Rice, Daily Mail, 1 October 2006.
  51. ^ Blog posting: Things can only get worse, The Ben Lomond Free Press, 3 August 2008.
  52. ^ a b "The lonely road from 'Baker Street' to skid row". The Independent (London). 17 February 2009. http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/music/features/the-lonely-road-from-baker-street-to-skid-row-1623805.html. 
  53. ^ a b Gillan, Audrey (17 February 2009). "Missing Baker Street singer Gerry Rafferty is living in hiding". London: guardian.co.uk. http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/2009/feb/17/gerry-rafferty-in-hiding. 
  54. ^ Knapton, Sarah (18 February 2009). "Gerry Rafferty happily stuck in the middle of Tuscany". The Daily Telegraph (London). http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newstopics/celebritynews/4683901/Gerry-Rafferty-happily-stuck-in-the-middle-of-Tuscany.html. 
  55. ^ "'Missing' singer Rafferty is fine". BBC News. 18 February 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/7896777.stm. 
  56. ^ Neighbours of Baker Street star Gerry Rafferty speak of shock at his collapse, Bournemouth Echo, 11 November 2010.
  57. ^ Hope for family as Rafferty is taken off life support machine by Brian Donnelly, Herald Scotland, 12 November 2010
  58. ^ Organ joy as Gerry’s hopes rise by Robert McAulay, The Scottish Sun, 13 November 2010
  59. ^ "Gerry Rafferty's daughter sings at his funeral". London: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/.+21 January 2011. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/music/music-news/8274804/Gerry-Raffertys-daughter-sings-at-his-funeral.html. Retrieved 2011-01-21. 
  60. ^ "Baker Street singer Gerry Rafferty died at daughter's Stroud home". stroudnewsandjournal.co.uk. http://www.stroudnewsandjournal.co.uk/news/8809078.Baker_Street_singer_Gerry_Rafferty_died_at_daughter_s_Stroud_home/. Retrieved 2011-01-29. 
  61. ^ Mourners' Farewell To Singer Gerry Rafferty by James Matthews, Sky News, 21 January 2011
  62. ^ "'Gerry Rafferty went to meet his maker sober and unafraid, curious and brave'". thescotsman.scotsman.com. http://thescotsman.scotsman.com/scotland/Gerry-Rafferty-went-to-meet.6698811.jp?articlepage=2. Retrieved 2011-01-29. 
  63. ^ Obituary, Gerry Rafferty. The Times, Wednesday January 5, 2011.
  64. ^ "BBC News - Baker Street singer Gerry Rafferty dies at age of 63". www.bbc.co.uk. 5 January 2011. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-glasgow-west-12115604. Retrieved 2011-01-06. 
  65. ^ Gerry Rafferty: Billy Connolly and Proclaimers pay tribute to "exceptional" musician, Daily Mirror, 5 January 2011
  66. ^ Gone but not forgotten: Family and friends pay tribute to Gerry Rafferty as his ex-wife carries 20-year-old love note, Daily Mail, 21 January 2011
  67. ^ a b La Roux: Soundtrack of My Life by Gareth Grundy, The Guardian, 25 April 2010
  68. ^ Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 448. ISBN 1-904994-10-5. 
  69. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2003). Top Pop Singles 1955-2002 (1st ed.). Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin: Record Research Inc.. p. 574. ISBN 0-89820-155-1. 
  70. ^ Betts, Graham (2004). Complete UK Hit Singles 1952-2004 (1st ed.). London: Collins. p. 628. ISBN 0-00-717931-6. 

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gerry Rafferty — (1980) Gerald „Gerry“ Rafferty (* 16. April 1947 in Paisley, Schottland; † 4. Januar 2011 in Poole, England) war ein schottischer Folk Rock Singer Songwriter. Als Raffertys größte musikalische Stärke wurde …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gerry Rafferty — sur la scène du Stade national de Dublin le 6 septembre 1980 Surnom Gerry Rafferty Nom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gerry Rafferty — en una presentación en el Estadio Nacional de Dublín, Irlanda el 6 de septiembre de 1980. Datos generales Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Sleepwalking (Gerry Rafferty album) — Infobox Album Name = Sleepwalking Type = studio Artist = Gerry Rafferty Released = 1982 Recorded = Genre = Rock Length = Label = Producer = Gerry Rafferty, Christopher Neil Reviews = Last album = Snakes and Ladders(1980) This album =… …   Wikipedia

  • Snakes and Ladders (album de Gerry Rafferty) — Snakes and Ladders Album par Gerry Rafferty Sortie 1980 Genre Rock Producteur Gerry Rafferty, Hugh Murphy Label United Artists Critique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Another World (Gerry Rafferty album) — Infobox Album Name = Another World Type = studio Artist = Gerry Rafferty Released = 2003 Recorded = 2000 Genre = Rock Length = 69:52 Label = Hypertension Producer = Gerry Rafferty Reviews = *Allmusic Rating|2|5… …   Wikipedia

  • Snakes and Ladders (Gerry Rafferty album) — Infobox Album Name = Snakes and Ladders Type = studio Artist = Gerry Rafferty Released = 1980 Recorded = Genre = Rock Length = Label = Producer = Reviews = Last album = Night Owl(1979) This album = Snakes and Ladders(1980) Next album =… …   Wikipedia

  • Rafferty — Rafferty, from Raifeartaigh, is a surname, and may refer to* Bill Rafferty * Billy Rafferty * Chips Rafferty * Frances Rafferty * Gerry Rafferty * Jack Rafferty * Kevin Rafferty * Max Rafferty * Ronan Rafferty* Lochlainn O Raifeartaighee also*… …   Wikipedia

  • Rafferty — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Billy Rafferty (* 1950), schottischer Fußballspieler Chips Rafferty (1909–1971), australischer Schauspieler und Filmproduzent Claire Rafferty (* 1989), englische Fußballspielerin Gerry Rafferty (1947–2011) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gerry — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Elbridge Gerry (1744–1814), US amerikanischer Politiker (US Vizepräsident) Elbridge Gerry (Maine) (1813–1886), US amerikanischer Politiker (Abgeordneter aus Maine) James Gerry (1796–1873), US… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.