Castilian people


Castilian people

Infobox Ethnic group
group = Castilians
"Castellanos"


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popplace =flagicon|Spain Spain
poptime =
11,283,411 Spanish"'

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pop1 = 2,510,849
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pop2 = 1,894,667
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pop3 = The majority of the population, i.e. the indigenous population, especially the local elite and in the other towns of the Community and migrants from the rest of Castile, that is Castilla y Leon and Castilla La Mancha.
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langs = Spanish language
rels = Predominantly
Roman Catholic
related = Andalusians·Catalans·Asturians·Galicians·Cantabrians·Basques

The Castilian people are the inhabitants of those regions in Spain where most people identify themselves as Castilian. They include Castile La Mancha, Madrid and a part of Castile and Leon. However, not all regions in the medieval Kingdom of Castile think of themselves as Castilian. For this reason, the exact limits of what Castile is today are disputed.

Through the Reconquista and other conquests in the Middle Ages, the Kingdom of Castile (later Crown of Castile) spread all over the Iberian Peninsula, especially towards the southern Spanish regions. After this, since the 15th century, through the Spanish conquest of the Americas, the castilians also spread over the New World, bringing with them not only their language, which is called today the Spanish language, but also elements of their culture, traditions and idiosyncrasy.

The Castilian language

Castilian ("castellano") is the native language of the Castilians. It's thought to have originated at the foothill high plains of the Cordillera Cantábrica and the upper Ebro valley, in northern Spain, around the 8th and 9th centuries AD. After the Reconquista, it was brought to the south and almost entirely replaced the languages that were spoken in the Moorish zone, such as the locally generated romance language, Mozarabic, and the Arabic of the elites and city dwellers. However, in this process Castilian acquired considerable influences from these languages, many of which continue to be used in modern Castilian; now more usually referred to, especially outside of Spain, as Spanish.

During the Spanish conquest of the Americas, Spanish was the dominant language in Spain, and therefore was the language that was transmitted to the New World by the Conquistadores. Due to this gradual process, the Hispanophone world was created.

In Spanish, the word "castellano" (castilian) is often used to refer to the Spanish language, alongside "español" (Spanish). See "Names given to the Spanish language".

ee also

*Spanish people
*Castile (historical region)
*Castile and León
*Castile-La Mancha
*Kingdom of Castile
*Kingdom of León
*Crown of Castile
*Nationalities of Spain
*Andalusian people
*Canarian people


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