- Telos (philosophy)
A telos (from the Greek word for "end", "purpose", or "goal") is an end or
purpose, in a fairly constrained sense used by philosophers such as Aristotle. It is the root of the term " teleology," roughly the study of purposiveness, or the study of objects with a view to their aims, purposes, or intentions. Teleology figures centrally in Aristotle's biologyand in his theory of causes. It is central to nearly all philosophical theories of history, such as those of Hegeland Marx. One running debate in contemporary philosophy of biologyis to what extent teleological language (as in the "purposes" of various organs or life-processes) is unavoidable, or is simply a shorthand for ideas that can ultimately be spelled out nonteleologically. Philosophy of actionalso makes essential use of teleological vocabulary: on Davidson's account, an action is just something an agent does with an intention--that is, looking forward to some end to be achieved by the action.
In contrast to telos,
techneis the rational method involved in producing an object or accomplishing a goal or objective.
* [http://www.dactyl.org/directors/vna/Narrative_Telos.htm Narrative Telos: The Ordering Tendencies of Chance] by Victoria N. Alexander
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