Coat of arms of Singapore


Coat of arms of Singapore
Coat of arms of Singapore
Coat of arms of Singapore.png
Details
Armiger Republic of Singapore
Adopted 1959
Escutcheon Gules, A crescent facing a pentagon of five mullets Argent
Supporters A lion and a tiger supporting the shield standing on a two stalks of padi (rice) or
Motto Majulah Singapura
Earlier versions See List of Singaporean Coat of arms
Use Reverse of coins, government buildings, Commissions and treaties

The coat of arms of Singapore was adopted in 1959, the year Singapore became self-governing within the British Empire. The committee that created it, headed by then Deputy Prime Minister Toh Chin Chye, was also responsible for the national flag and the national anthem. At the centre of the emblem is a red shield bearing a white crescent and five white stars (representing various national ideals including multiculturalism), supported by a lion and a tiger (representing Singapore and Malaysia respectively); below them is a blue ribbon inscribed with Majulah Singapura in gold, Malay for "Onward Singapore". While the use of the coat of arms is restricted to the government, the symbol enjoys wide use on the national currency and state decorations, and appears on the cover of the national passport.

Contents

History

When Singapore became self-governing in 1959 Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew determined to create for the new state a coat of arms, among other symbols, to replace the coat of arms of the United Kingdom that had been in use until then.[1] A committee was formed to design the state symbols, headed by the deputy prime minister Toh Chin Chye, who wanted both the arms and flag of Singapore to represent the country's united, multi-ethnic society. The coat of arms and the flag were created over a span of two months by Toh and his committee. A law establishing the state symbols of Singapore was presented to the National Assembly by the Minister of Culture, S Rajaratnam, and approved in November 1959. On 3 December 1959, the state coat of arms, flag and anthem were presented to the people of Singapore for the first time.[2]

Toh said in a 1989 interview that when tasked with the creation of the state symbols, "apart from the anthem we have to produce the flag and the crest", and he felt that the new flag of Singapore should be flying next to the Union Jack.[3] Toh further stated about the design:

In the case of the state crest, again we got the five stars and the new moon ... A lion next to the tiger. Tiger of course is a more local animal than the lion. The old City Council had a lion. It did merge with our own ideas of self governing of Singapore.[3]

Symbolism

The central emblem of the coat of arms is a red shield with five white stars resting above a white crescent, similar to the crescent and stars used on the Singapore flag and such other national symbols as the national ensign for civilian ships. Red symbolises "universal brotherhood and equality of man" and white "pervading and everlasting purity and virtue". The crescent "represents a young nation on the ascendant", while the stars "stand for the nation's ideals of democracy, peace, progress, justice and equality".[4] The supporters of the shield are a lion and a tiger: the tiger symbolises the historical connections to Malaysia while the lion represents Singapore itself.[5] Below the supporters is a blue ribbon on which the national motto, Majulah Singapura, is written in gold.[5] Majulah Singapura is Malay for "Onward Singapore", and is the title of the national anthem.

Uses

Reverse of the 10 cent coin, with the coat of arms in the centre
The coat of arms of Singapore depicted on the main gate of the Istana, the official residence of the President of Singapore

In 1985 the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) began to issue their second series of coins. The coat of arms is displayed on the reverse side of these coins, surrounded by an inscription comprising the name of Singapore in the four official languages (Chinese, Malay, Tamil and English) and the year of minting. In 1987 the dollar coin entered circulation with this same pattern.[6] According to the MAS, the coat of arms has also appeared on all Singaporean banknotes since the "Orchid" series of 1967.[7] State decorations of Singapore also depict the coat of arms on the medallions. For example, the medallions of the Darjah Utama Temasek and the Sijil Kemuliaan use the full achievement of arms,[8][9] while the Darjah Utama Bakti Cemerlang medal displays the shield.[10]

Guidelines

According to the Singapore Arms and Flag and National Anthem Rules, the use of the coat of arms is restricted to the government. Without explicit permission from the Ministry of Information, Communications and the Arts (MICA), no person or group is permitted to physically print, manufacture, display or sell anything depicting the coat of arms, or to allow such actions to happen. It is also forbidden to use any symbol that can be easily mistaken for the coat of arms. Persons who wish to use the coat of arms in a literary work must also obtain prior permission from MICA. The only exception provided by the Rules is that the arms can be used by government officials and ministries on their building's exteriors and on printed documents.[11]

See also

References

  1. ^ "State Crest". Singapore: The Encyclopedia. Editions Didier Millet and the National Heritage Board. 2008. http://wwww.singapedia.com.sg/entries/s/state_crest.html. Retrieved 2008-12-25. 
  2. ^ Zaubidah Mohamed (9 June 2003). "National coat of arms (State crest)". Infopedia. National Library Board Singapore. http://infopedia.nl.sg/articles/SIP_54_2005-01-25.html. Retrieved 2008-12-25. 
  3. ^ a b Toh, Chin Chye (1989). Dr. Toh Chin Chye [oral history interview, accession no. A1063, reel 1]. National Archives of Singapore. : "State symbols". Access to Archives Online (a2o), National Archives of Singapore. http://www.a2o.com.sg/a2o/public/html/etc/07_symbol.htm. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  4. ^ Second Schedule of the Singapore Arms and Flag and National Anthem Rules (Cap. 296, R 1, 2004 Rev. Ed.), as amended by the Singapore Arms and Flag and National Anthem (Amendment) Rules 2007 (S 377/2007). See also Lee, Kuan Yew (1998). The Singapore Story: Memoirs of Lee Kuan Yew. Singapore: Times Editions. pp. 342–343. ISBN 9812049835 (hbk.). 
  5. ^ a b "National Coat of Arms". Ministry of Information, Communications and the Arts. 2010. http://app.www.sg/who/44/National-Coat-of-Arms.aspx. Retrieved 2011-08-30. 
  6. ^ "Singapore Circulation Coins – Second Series". Monetary Authority of Singapore. 19 March 2007. http://www.mas.gov.sg/currency/currency_info/coins/second_series/Singapore_Circulation_Coins_Second_Series.html. Retrieved 2008-12-24. 
  7. ^ "Singapore Circulation Notes – Orchid Series". Monetary Authority of Singapore. 19 March 2007. http://www.mas.gov.sg/currency/currency_info/notes/orchid_series/Singapore_Circulation_Notes_Orchid_Series.html. Retrieved 2008-12-24. 
  8. ^ "National Honours and Awards – The Order of Temasek". Office of the Prime Minister of Singapore. 11 December 2008. http://www.pmo.gov.sg/NationalHonoursandAwards/Darjah+Utama+Temasek+(The+Order+of+Temasek).htm. Retrieved 2008-12-24. 
  9. ^ "National Honours and Awards – The Certificate of Honour". Office of the Prime Minister of Singapore. 26 September 2008. http://www.pmo.gov.sg/NationalHonoursandAwards/Sijil+Kemuliaan+(The+Certificate+of+Honour).htm. Retrieved 2008-12-24. 
  10. ^ "National Honours and Awards – The Distinguished Service Order". Office of the Prime Minister of Singapore. 26 September 2008. http://www.pmo.gov.sg/NationalHonoursandAwards/Darjah+Utama+Bakti+Cemerlang+(The+Distinguished+Service+Order).htm. Retrieved 2008-12-24. 
  11. ^ Singapore Arms and Flag and National Anthem Rules (Cap. 296, R 1, 2004 Rev. Ed.), as amended by the Singapore Arms and Flag and National Anthem (Amendment) Rules 2007 (S 377/2007).

External links


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