André Michel Lwoff


André Michel Lwoff

Infobox Scientist
name = André Michel Lwoff
box_width =


image_width =150px
caption = André Michel Lwoff
birth_date = May 8, 1902
birth_place = Ainay-le-Château
death_date = September 30, 1994
death_place =
residence =
citizenship =
nationality = French
ethnicity =
field = microbiology
work_institutions =
alma_mater = Institute Pasteur
doctoral_advisor =
doctoral_students =
known_for = provirus
author_abbrev_bot =
author_abbrev_zoo =
influences =
influenced =
prizes = Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1965 Leeuwenhoek Medal (1960)
religion =
footnotes =

André Michel Lwoff (May 8, 1902 – September 30, 1994) was a French microbiologist. He was born in Ainay-le-Château, Allier, in Auvergne, France. He joined the Institute Pasteur in Paris when he was 19 years old. In 1932, he finished his PhD and, with the help of a grant from the Rockefeller Foundation, moved to the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Medical Research of Heidelberg to Otto Meyerhof, where he did research on the development of flagellates. Another Rockefeller grant allowed him go to Cambridge in 1937. In 1938, he was appointed departmental head at the Institut Pasteur, where he did groundbreaking research on bacteriophages and on the poliovirus.

He has been awarded numerous prized from the French Académie des Sciences, the Gran Prix Charles-Leopold Mayer, the Leeuwenhoek Medal of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1960 and the Keilin Medal of the British Biochemical Society in 1964. He was awarded a Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1965 for the discovery of the mechanism that some viruses (which he named proviruses) use to infect bacteria.

References

*Citation
id = PMID:11623983
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11623983
last=Jacob
first=F
last2=Girard
first2=M
publication-date=1998
year=1998
title=Andre Michel Lwoff 8 May 1902-30 September 1994.
volume=44
issue=
periodical=Biographical memoirs of fellows of the Royal Society. Royal Society (Great Britain)
pages=254-63

*Citation
id = PMID:8631654
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8631654
last=Shafrir
first=E
publication-date=1996 Feb
year=1996
title=Jacques L. Monod, Francois J. Jacob and Andre M. Lwoff--introducers of new dimensions in cellular genetics and molecular biology.
volume=32
issue=2
periodical=Isr. J. Med. Sci.
pages=162

External links

* [http://nobelprize.org/medicine/laureates/1965/lwoff-bio.html Nobel biography]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • LWOFF, ANDRÉ MICHEL — (1902–1994), French biologist and Nobel Prize winner. Born in the Allier department, France, Lwoff became head of the Microbial Physiology Laboratory of the Pasteur Institute in Paris in 1938. Lwoff s earlier work dealt with the morphology and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Lwoff, Andre Michel — ▪ 1995       French scientist (b. May 8, 1902, Ainay le Château, France d. Sept. 30, 1994, Paris, France), shared the 1965 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine with François Jacob and Jacques Monod. Their research established how the genetic… …   Universalium

  • Lwoff, André Michel — (b. 1902)    French biologist and Nobel laureate, 1965. Lwoff was head of the microbial physiology laboratory of the Pasteur Institute in Paris. During World War II he was active in the French resistance and decorated for his underground… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • André Lwoff — Nacimiento 8 de mayo de 1902 Ainay le Château Fallecimiento 30 de septiembre de 1994 (92 años) París Nacionalidad francés …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lwoff, AndréMichel — Lwoff (lwôf), André Michel. 1902 1994. French microbiologist. He shared a 1965 Nobel Prize for the study of regulatory activity in body cells. * * * …   Universalium

  • List of Nobel laureates by university affiliation — This list of Nobel laureates by university affiliation shows the university affiliation (either as a student, alumnus or faculty) of winners of the Nobel Prize. Universities are listed in order of number of affiliated Nobel Prize winners, from… …   Wikipedia

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  • Львов, Андре Мишель — Андре Мишель Львов André Michel Lwoff Микробиолог, лауреат Нобелевской премии по физиологии и медицине (1965). Дата рождения …   Википедия

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