Vallisneria


Vallisneria

Taxobox
name = "Vallisneria"


image_width = 240px
regnum = Plantae
divisio = Magnoliophyta
classis = Liliopsida
ordo = Alismatales
familia = Hydrocharitaceae
genus = "Vallisneria"
subdivision_ranks = Species

"Vallisneria" is a genus of aquatic plant, commonly called eelgrass, tape grass or vallis. The genus has 6-10 species that are widely distributed, but do not grow in colder regions.

"Vallisneria" is a submersed plant that spreads by runners and sometimes forms tall underwater meadows. Leaves arise in clusters from their roots. The leaves have rounded tips, and definite raised veins. Single white female flowers grow to the water surface on very long stalks. Tape grass fruit is a banana-like capsule having many tiny seeds.

Sometimes confused with the superficially similar Sagittaria when grown submerse.

Use in Aquaria

Various strains of "Vallisneria" are commonly kept in tropical and subtropical aquaria. These include dwarf forms such as "Vallisneria tortifolia", a variety with leaves around 15 to 20 cm in length and characterised by having thin, tightly coiled leaves. A medium sized variety, "Vallisneria spiralis" is also very popular, typically having leaves 30 to 60 cm in length. The largest varieties are often called "Vallisneria gigantea" regardless of their actual taxonomic designation; in fact most of the plants sold as "Vallisneria gigantea" are actually "Vallisneria americana." These giant varieties are only really suitable for very large tanks, having leaves that frequently exceed 1 m in length, but they are quite hardy and will do well in tanks with big fish that might uproot more delicate aquarium plants.

With few exceptions, the commonly traded "Vallisneria" are tolerant and adaptable. While they do best under bright illumination they will do well under moderate lighting as well, albeit with slower growth rates. They are not picky about the substrate, and will accept plain gravel provided an iron-rich fertiliser is added to the water periodically. Once settled in, they multiply readily through the production of daughter plants at the end of runners (as mentioned above). Once they have established their own roots, these daughter plants can be cut away and transplanted if necessary. "Vallisneria" will accept neutral to alkaline water conditions (they do not like very acidic conditions) and do not require carbon dioxide fertilization. They are also among the few commonly traded aquarium plants that tolerate brackish water, provided the specific gravity does not exceed 1.003 (around 10 percent the salinity of normal sea water).

pecies

*"Vallisneria aethiopica"
*"Vallisneria americana"
*"Vallisneria alternifolia"
*"Vallisneria anhuiensis"
*"Vallisneria asiatica"
*"Vallisneria natans"
*"Vallisneria spiralis"

References

* Brown, Phillip J. 1977. Vallisneria. TFH 4/77.
* Brunner, Gerhard. 1973. Aquarium Plants. T.F.H. Publ., N.J.
* Roe, Colin D. 1967. A Manual of Aquarium Plants. Shirley Aquatics, Ltd.


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Vallisneria — Vallisneria …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vallisnerĭa — (V. L.), Pflanzengattung aus der Familie der Hydrocharideae Vallisnerieae, 22. Kl. 2. Ordn. L., nach Antonio Vallisnieri (geb. 1661 zu Trasilico, italienischer Arzt, Naturforscher u. Professor zu Padua, welcher bes. die Naturgeschichte in den… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Vallisnerĭa — Mich. (Vallisnerie), Gattung der Hydrocharitazeen, kleine, ausdauernde, untergetauchte Wasserpflanzen mit kurzer, Ausläufer treibender Achse und linealischen, grasähnlichen Blättern; in den wärmern Zonen beider Hemisphären. V. spiralis L., in der …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Vallisneria — Vallisnerĭa L., Vallisnerie, Pflanzengattg. der Hydrocharidazeen. V. spirālis L. [Abb. 1904; links männliches, rechts weibliches Exemplar, a weibliche, b männliche Blüte], untergetauchte Wasserpflanze, in Spanien, Italien und im südl. Frankreich …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Vallisneria — Vallisneria, zu Ehren des 1730 als Professor zu Padua gestorbenen Naturforschers Ant. Ballisnieri so benannte Pflanze aus der Familie der Hydrocharideae (s. d.); bei der V. spiralis, einer südeurop. Sumpfpflanze, steigt zur Blütezeit die… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Vallisneria —   [v ; nach dem italienischen Naturforscher Antonio Vallisneri, * 1661, ✝ 1730], die Pflanzengattung Wasserschraube.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Vallisneria — Une espèce de …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vallisneria —   Vallisneria …   Wikipedia Español

  • Vallisneria — ? Валлиснерия Валлиснерия спиральная (Vallisneria spiralis) Научная классификация Царство: Растения Отдел: Покрытосеменные …   Википедия

  • Vallisneria — noun eelgrass; eel grass • Syn: ↑genus Vallisneria • Hypernyms: ↑monocot genus, ↑liliopsid genus • Member Holonyms: ↑Hydrocharitaceae, ↑family Hydrocharitaceae, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary


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