- Albert Alcibiades, Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
Albert Alcibiades ( _de. Albrecht Alcibiades; March 28 1522 – January 8 1557) was a
Margraveof Brandenburg-Kulmbach, also known as Brandenburg-Bayreuth.
Because of his bellicose nature Albert received the
cognomen" Alcibiades" after his death; during his lifetime Albert was known as "Bellator" (the Warlike).
He was a member of the
Franconian branch of the House of Hohenzollern.
Albert was born at
Ansbachand, having lost his father Casimir in 1527, he came under the guardianship of his uncle George, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach, a strong adherent of Protestantism.
In 1541 he received
Bayreuthas his share of the family lands, but, as the chief town of his principality was Kulmbach, he is sometimes referred to as the Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach.
Peace of Crépyin September 1544 deprived him of this employment, but he had won a considerable reputation, and when Charles was preparing to attack the Schmalkaldic League, he took pains to win Albert's assistance.
Sharing in the attack on the
Electorate of Saxony, Albert was taken prisoner at Rochlitzin March 1547 by Elector John Frederick of Saxony, but was released as a result of the Emperor's victory at the Battle of Mühlbergin the succeeding April.
He then followed the fortunes of his friend Elector Maurice of Saxony, deserted Charles, and joined the league which proposed to overthrow the Emperor by an alliance with King
Henry II of France.
He took part in the subsequent campaign, but when the
Peace of Passauwas signed in August 1552 he separated himself from his allies and began a crusade of plunder in Franconia.
Having extorted a large sum of money from the citizens of
Nuremberg, he quarrelled with his supporter, the French King, and offered his services to the Emperor.
Charles, anxious to secure such a famous fighter, gladly assented to Albert's demands and gave the imperial sanction to his possession of the lands taken from the bishops of Würzburg and Bamberg; and his conspicuous bravery was of great value to the Emperor on the retreat from
Metzin January 1553.
When Charles left Germany a few weeks later, Albert renewed his depredations in Franconia. These soon became so serious that a league was formed to crush him, and Maurice of Saxony led an army against his former comrade.
The rival forces met at Sievershausen on
July 9, 1553, and after a combat of unusual ferocity Albert was put to flight. Henry, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, then took command of the troops of the league, and after Albert had been placed under the imperial ban in December 1553 he was defeated by Duke Henry, and compelled to flee to France.
He there entered the service of Henry II of France and had undertaken a campaign to regain his lands when he died at
Pforzheimon January 8, 1557.
He is defined by
Thomas Carlyleas "a failure of a Fritz," with "features" of a Frederick the Great in him, "but who burnt away his splendid qualities as a mere temporary shine for the able editors, and never came to anything, full of fire, too much of it wildfire, not in the least like an Alcibiades except in the change of fortune he underwent".
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Marie of Brandenburg-Kulmbach — Electress Palatine Tenure 1559–1567 Spouse Frederick III, Elector Palatine Issue Alberta … Wikipedia
George Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach — George Frederick the Elder ( de. Georg Friedrich der Ältere; April 5 1539 April 25 1603) was Margrave of Ansbach and Bayreuth, as well as Regent of Prussia. He was the son of George, Margrave of Brandenburg Ansbach and a member of the House of… … Wikipedia
Albert II Alcibiades — ▪ margrave of Brandenburg Kulmbach born March 28, 1522, Ansbach [Germany] died Jan. 8, 1557, Baden margrave of Brandenburg Kulmbach, member of the Franconian branch of the Hohenzollern family, and a soldier of fortune in the wars between the… … Universalium
Albert — Infobox Given Name Revised name = Albert imagesize= caption= pronunciation= gender = Male meaning = noble bright region = origin = Germanic related names = footnotes = Albert is a common first name. The name has its origins in the Germanic name… … Wikipedia
Second Margrave War — The Second Margrave War ( de. Zweiter Markgrafenkrieg) was a conflict in the Holy Roman Empire between 1552 and 1555. Instigated by Albert Alcibiades, Margrave of Brandenburg Kulmbach and Brandenburg Bayreuth, it involved numerous raids,… … Wikipedia
Guerra de Esmalcalda — Carlos V en Mühlberg, por Tiziano … Wikipedia Español
Battle of Sievershausen — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Sievershausen partof=the Second Margrave War date=9 July, 1553 place=Sievershausen, Lüneburg result=Defeat of the Margrave combatant1=Electorate of Saxony, Duchy of Brunswick Wolfenbüttel… … Wikipedia
Henry V, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg — Henry (Latin Henricus; 10 November 1489 – 11 June 1568, Wolfenbüttel), Duke of Brunswick Lüneburg, called the Younger, was prince of Wolfenbüttel from 1514 until his death. He is known for the large number of wars in which he was… … Wikipedia
St. Alban's Abbey, Mainz — View of Mainz from the southeast, showing St. Alban s to the left with choir and tower, next to the Drusus cenotaph. Pen drawing by Wenzel Hollar, 1631. St. Alban s Abbey, Mainz (Stift St. Alban vor Mainz) originated as a Benedictine abbey,… … Wikipedia
1557 — Year 1557 was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events of 1557 January June* June Mary I of England joins her husband Philip II of Spain in his war against France.July December* August… … Wikipedia