- Ciołek coat of arms
Ciołek (Polish for "Bullock") is a Polish coat of arms, one of the oldest in medieval Poland (Jardetzky 1992, Gajl 2003:47). It was used by many szlachta (noble) families under the late Piast Dynasty, under the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, during the Partitions of Poland, and in the 20th century. The variant names "Siolek" and "Cialek" arose from miscommunication among early-20th-century Polish immigrants to the United States.
A history of this Coat of Arms is included in a Short History of Polish Arms written by Countess Ewa Theresa Korab-Karpinska in the late 1980s and is currently lodged at the College of Arms in London. As heraldic heiress and only daughter of Tadeuz ( Thadeus Josef Zielinski also spelt Zelinski ) Ewa was also one of a very small handful of women to write upon the subject of heraldry. The bull and crown were later exceptionally incorporated as a crest into an English Grant of Arms by the English College of Arms.
Notable bearers of this coat of arms have included:
- Gerard Ciołek
- Andrzej Poniatowski
- Izabella Poniatowska
- Józef Antoni Poniatowski
- Michał Jerzy Poniatowski
- Stanisław Poniatowski (1676–1762)
- Stanisław Poniatowski (1754–1833)
- Stanisław August Poniatowski, last King of Poland
- Zbigniew J. Lipowski (1925–1997)
- Tadeusz Boy-Żeleński
- Gajl, Tadeusz. 2003. Polskie rody szlacheckie i ich herby. Białystok: Dom Wydawniczy Benkowski.
- Jardetzky, Oleg. 1992. The Ciolek of Poland. Graz, Austria: Akademische Druck-u. Verlagsanstalt. [A detailed book summarising available documents from Polish, German and French archives. It deals with the Ciołek clan genealogy during the period c. 800 - c. 1450 AD, 244 pages]
- The Historical Geography of the Ciołek clan AD 950-1950.
- Polish heraldry
- Coat of Arms
- Polish: Ciołek (herb szlachecki)
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