- Powell Doctrine
The "Powell Doctrine" is a
journalist-created term, named after General Colin Powellin the run-up to the 1990-1991 Gulf War. It is based in large part on the Weinberger Doctrine, devised by Caspar Weinberger, former Secretary of Defense and Powell's former boss.
The Powell Doctrine states that a list of questions all have to be answered affirmatively before military action is taken by the United States:
# Is a vital
national securityinterest threatened?
# Do we have a clear attainable objective?
# Have the risks and costs been fully and frankly analyzed?
# Have all other non-violent policy means been fully exhausted?
# Is there a plausible
exit strategyto avoid endless entanglement?
# Have the consequences of our action been fully considered?
# Is the action supported by the American people?
# Do we have genuine broad international support? [ [http://www.pbs.org/newshour/extra/teachers/lessonplans/iraq/powelldoctrine.html The Powell Doctrine: Background, Application and Critical Analysis] , Doug DuBrin, NewsHour Extra]
The fifth point of the Doctrine is normally interpreted to mean that the U.S. should not get involved in
peacekeepingor nation-buildingexercises. Powell expanded upon the Doctrine, asserting that when a nation is engaging in war, every resource and tool should be used to achieve decisive force against the enemy, minimizing US casualties and ending the conflict quickly by forcing the weaker force to capitulate. This is well in line with Western military strategy dating at least from Carl von Clausewitz's " On War".
The Doctrine has been used to compare the
Vietnam War, the Gulf War, and the Iraq War[cite news |title=Is Iraq like Vietnam? Lessons learned|date= 2007-09-06|url=http://www.reuters.com/article/blogBurst/topNews?type=topNews&w1=B7ovpm21IaDoL40ZFnNfGe&w2=B9KobpniDQffCOR77fHrDXw&src=blogBurst_topNews&bbPostId=Cz95wAAV26XeVBzXxkni1IfbFBDUb6KtNPEUKCz7uB32cOdlE6&bbParentWidgetId=B7qp5dlHYnIr2YRoUoOjnxK] .
Pottery barn rule
* [http://www.foreignaffairs.org/19921201faessay5851/colin-l-powell/u-s-forces-challenges-ahead.html Article by Colin Powell in Foreign Affairs Winter 1992]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Doctrine Powell — La doctrine Powell est un principe d engagement militaire défini par le général américain Colin Powell à l aube de la guerre du Golfe en 1990 91. Elle est basée sur la doctrine Weinberger (du nom de l ancien secrétaire à la Défense et supérieur… … Wikipédia en Français
Doctrine and Discipline of Divorce — The Doctrine and Discipline of Divorce: Restor d to the Good of Both Sexes, From the Bondage of Canon Law was published by John Milton on 1 August 1643. An expanded second edition was published on 2 February 1644. The editions were published… … Wikipedia
Doctrine Reagan — Le président des États Unis Ronald Reagan La doctrine Reagan était une stratégie orchestrée et mise en place par les États Unis sous l administration Reagan pour contrer l influence globale de l Union soviétique au cours des dernières années de… … Wikipédia en Français
Doctrine stratégique — Liste des doctrines géopolitiques Les doctrines géopolitiques ont été utilisées dans les relations internationales pour affirmer la politique extérieure des nations sur la scène mondiale. Sommaire 1 Liste par ordre chronologique 1.1 Doctrines… … Wikipédia en Français
Colin Powell — This article is about the American politician. For the English football (soccer) player, see Colin Powell (footballer). General Colin L. Powell KCB MSC … Wikipedia
Bush Doctrine — The Bush Doctrine is a phrase used to describe various related foreign policy principles of United States president George W. Bush, created in the wake of the September 11, 2001 attacks. The phrase initially described the policy that the United… … Wikipedia
Enoch Powell — Infobox Minister honorific prefix = The Right Honourable Brigadier name=Enoch Powell MBE office = Minister of Health term start =27 July 1960 term end = 18 October 1963 primeminister =Harold Macmillan predecessor = Derek Walker Smith successor =… … Wikipedia
Foreign policy doctrine — A foreign policy doctrine is a general statement of foreign policy and belief system through a doctrine. In some cases, the statement is made by a political leader, typically a nation’s chief executive or chief diplomat, and comes to be named… … Wikipedia
Rumsfeld Doctrine — The Rumsfeld Doctrine , named after former United States Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld, is a neologism created by journalistsFact|date=September 2008 concerned with the perceived transformation of the military of the United States. It… … Wikipedia
Weinberger Doctrine — The Weinberger Doctrine was a list of points governing when the United States could commit troops in military engagements. The doctrine was publicly disclosed by U.S. Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger on November 28, 1984 in a speech… … Wikipedia