Du gamla, Du fria


Du gamla, Du fria
Du gamla, Du fria
English: Thou ancient, Thou free

National anthem of
 Sweden

Lyrics Richard Dybeck, 1844
Music Old Swedish Folk music
Arranged by Edvin Kallstenius
Music sample
Du gamla, du fria

"Du gamla, Du fria" ("Thou ancient, Thou free") is the de facto national anthem of Sweden. It was originally named "Sång till Norden" ("Song to the North"), and the first words of its lyrics have become adopted as the title in the interim.

Although the Swedish constitution makes no mention of a national anthem, the song enjoys universal recognition and is used, for example, at sporting events. It first began to win recognition as a patriotic song in the 1890s, and the issue of its status was debated back and forth up until the 1930s. In 1938, the Swedish public service radio company Sveriges Radio started playing it at the end of transmitting in the evenings, which marked the beginning of the de facto status as national anthem the song has had since.[1]

Despite a widespread belief that it was adopted as the national anthem in 1866, no such recognition has ever been officially accorded. A kind of official recognition was when the King Oscar II rose in honour when the song was played, the first time in 1893. In 2000 a Riksdag committee rejected, as "unnecessary", a proposal to give the song legally official status. However, there have since been repeated motions with a similar intent.

The original lyrics were written by Richard Dybeck in 1844. Swedish composer Edvin Kallstenius arranged the traditional melody from Västmanland. Dybeck himself originally wrote the beginning as "Du gamla, Du friska" (Thou ancient, Thou hale), but in the late 1850s personally changed the lyrics to "Du gamla, Du fria" (Thou ancient, Thou free). The song was already published in several song books and sung with "Du gamla, Du friska", but a priest who had known Dybeck got the opportunity to tell the singer most associated with the song, opera singer Carl Fredrik Lundqvist, about the change in the year 1900. From that point on, printings of the "friska" version ceased to be seen in song books, but a recording from 1905 where it is sung with "friska" still exists.[citation needed]

By the early 1900s, many regarded the song unsuitable as a national anthem. In the 1890s it started getting printed in song books in the section for patriotic songs, but as late as in the 1920s it was occasionally published just as "folk music". In 1899 a contest was held for writing a national anthem. It led to Verner von Heidenstam writing his "Sverige", but did not lead to any new national anthem.

Patriotic sentiment is notably absent from the text of the original two verses,[dubious ] due to them being written in the spirit of Scandinavism popular at the time (Norden refers to the Nordic countries in Swedish, Norwegian and Danish). After the song started to acquire its informal status as the national anthem, various people wrote additional verses to increase the "Swedishness" of the song. The aforementioned Lundqvist wrote his own third verse beginning with "Jag älskar dig Sverige" (I love thee, Sweden), Frans Österblom wrote four verses beginning with "Jag älskar min hembygd" ("I love my native area") and Louise Ahlén in 1910 wrote two verses which are occasionally printed still to this day, not the least lately on the Internet. For a long time, they were very seldom published, and are still largely unknown to the public.

A very common mistake is singing "Jag vet att Du är och förblir vad du var" ("I know that You are and remain what You were") instead of "Jag vet att Du är och Du blir vad du var" ("I know that You are and You will be what You were").

It is also a misunderstanding of the original lyrics to sing "Ja, jag vill leva, jag vill dö i Norden" (Yes, I want to live I want to die in the North) both times. The original lyrics are "Ack, jag vill leva, jag vill dö i Norden" (Oh, I want to live I want to die in the North) the first time.

Instrumental performances tend to be incorrectly performed in one of the following aspects or both: the last line of the melody is often played once first as an introduction, and furthermore, many instrumental recordings are of only one verse.

Music of Sweden
Genres
Media and performance
Music charts Sverigetopplistan
Music festivals
Music media
National anthem Du gamla, Du fria (de facto)
v · edit] Lyrics

Original verses by Richard Dybeck:

1
Du gamla, Du fria, Du fjällhöga nord
Du tysta, Du glädjerika sköna!
Jag hälsar Dig, vänaste land uppå jord,
/: Din sol, Din himmel, Dina ängder gröna.:/
2
Du tronar på minnen från fornstora dar,
då ärat Ditt namn flög över jorden.
Jag vet att Du är och Du blir vad Du var.
/:Ja, jag vill leva, jag vill dö i Norden.:/
Louise Ahlén's addition from 1910 (usually not sung)
3
Jag städs vill Dig tjäna, mitt älskade land,
Dig trohet till döden vill jag svära.
Din rätt skall jag värna med håg och med hand,
/:Din fana, högt den bragderika bära.:/
4
Med Gud skall jag kämpa, för hem och för härd,
för Sverige, den kära fosterjorden.
Jag byter Dig ej mot allt i en värld
/: Nej, jag vill leva, jag vill dö i Norden!.:/

Literal translation

Original verses:

1
Thou ancient, thou free, thou mountainous North
Thou quiet, thou joyful [and] fair!
I greet thee, most beautiful land upon earth,
/:Thy sun, Thy sky, Thy meadows green.:/
2
Thou art enthroned upon memories of great olden days,
When honored thy name flew across the earth,
I know that thou art and will be what thou wert,
/:Yes, I want to live I want to die in the North:/
Additional verses:
3
I forever want to serve thee, my beloved country,
Loyalty until death I want to swear thee,
Thy right I will protect with mind and with hand,
/: thy banner, featful ones carry high.:/
4
With God I shall fight for home and for hearth,
for Sweden, the beloved native soil.
I trade thee not, for anything in a world
/: No, I want to live, I want to die in the North.:/

Alternative translation

Original verses:

1
You free, ancient country
You high mountained northy
Thou quiet, thou joyful beauty!
I greet you as loveliest land upon earth
/:Your shining sun, your sky
Your pastuers green
Your shining sun, your sky
Your pastuers green:/
2
You rest upon memories of great olden days
When all around the world your name was honoured
I know that you are and will be the way you were
/:In my own Nordic land, I'll live forever
In my own Nordic land, I'll live forever:/

References

See also

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Du Gamla, Du Fria — Du gamla, du fria (sv) Toi l antique, toi le libre Hymne national de  Suède Parol …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Du gamla, Du fria — Du gamla, du fria (sv) Toi l antique, toi le libre Hymne national de  Suède Parol …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Du gamla du fria — Du gamla, du fria Du gamla, du fria (sv) Toi l antique, toi le libre Hymne national de  Suède Parol …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Du gamla, du fria — Du gamla, du fria (sv) Toi l antique, toi le libre Hymne national de   …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Du gamla, du fria — Español: Tú viejo, tú libre Información general Himno de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Du gamla, Du fria — Instrumentalversion gespielt von der United States Navy Band (1:28). Du gamla, Du fria („Du alter, Du freier... ) ist die schwedische Nationalhymne. Die Melodie stammt aus einem alten Volkslied aus Västmanland. Nach einem Besuch in Idre in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Du gamla du fria — Du gamla, Du fria („Du alter, Du freier... ) ist die schwedische Nationalhymne. Die Melodie stammt aus einem alten Volkslied aus Västmanland. Nach einem Besuch in Idre in Dalarna und dem Berg Städjan dichtete Richard Dybeck dazu 1844 den Text der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Du gamla, Du fria — er den svenske nationalsang fra 1866. Teksten er skrevet af Richard Dybeck i 1844. Du gamla, Du fria, Du fjällhöga nord Du tysta, Du glädjerika sköna! Jag hälsar Dig, vänaste land uppå jord, /: Din sol, Din himmel, Dina ängder gröna. :/ Du tronar …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Du gamla, du fria — es el himno nacional de Suecia. La letra fue escrita por Richard Dybeck en 1844. Las primeras dos estrofas son siempre cantadas cuando se ejecuta el himno en Suecia. En un contexto internacional, como eventos deportivos, es variable el número de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Du gamla, Du fria — …   Википедия


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.