Angary


Angary

Angary (Lat. "jus angariae"; Fr. "droit d'angarie"; Ger. "Angarie"; from the Gr. polytonic|ἀγγαρεία, "(angaria)", the office of an polytonic|ἄγγαρος, courier or messenger), the name given to the right of a belligerent (most commonly, a government or other party in conflict) to seize and apply for the purposes of war (or to prevent the enemy from doing so) any kind of property on belligerent territory, including that which may belong to subjects or citizens of a neutral state. Art. 53 of the Regulations respecting the Laws and Customs of War on Land, annexed to the Hague Convention of 1899 on the same subject, provides that railway plant, land telegraphs, telephones, steamers and other ships (other than such as are governed by maritime law), though belonging to companies or private persons, "may be used" for military operations, but "must be restored at the conclusion of peace "and" indemnities paid for them." And Article 54 adds that "the plant of railways coming from neutral states, whether the property of those states or of companies or private persons, shall be sent back to them as soon as possible." These articles seem to sanction the right of angary against neutral property, while limiting it as against both belligerent and neutral property. It may be considered, however, that the right to use implies as wide a range of contingencies as the "necessity of war" can be made to cover.

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  • angary — [aŋ′gə rē] n. [LL angaria, enforced service < Gr angareia, impressment for the public service < angaros, a mounted courier; prob. < OPers term] International Law the right of a belligerent to use or destroy a neutral s property if… …   English World dictionary

  • angary — /ang geuh ree/, n. Internat. Law. the right of a belligerent state to seize and use the property of neutrals for purposes of warfare, subject to payment of full compensation. [1875 80; < LL angaria service to a lord < Gk angareía couriership,… …   Universalium

  • angary — noun The right of a government etc., in time of war, to seize, use or destroy property of a belligerent or neutral state, provided compensation is paid …   Wiktionary

  • angary — n. right to seize property in a state of emergency (i.e. war) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • angary — [ aŋgəri] noun Law the right of a country at war to seize or destroy neutral property out of military necessity, provided that compensation is paid. Origin C19: from Fr. angarie chore, imposition , from Ital. or L. angaria forced service , from… …   English new terms dictionary

  • angary — an·ga·ry …   English syllables

  • angary — /ˈæŋgəri/ (say angguhree) noun International Law the right of a belligerent state to seize and use the property of neutrals for purposes of warfare, subject to payment of full compensation. {Latin angaría forced service (to a lord), from Greek… …   Australian English dictionary

  • angary —   n. right of belligerent to take or destroy property of neutral, subject to compensation …   Dictionary of difficult words

  • angary — Right of a belligerent to take the property of a neutral for use …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • angary — n. Law the right of a belligerent (subject to compensation for loss) to seize or destroy neutral property under military necessity. Etymology: F angarie ult. f. Gk aggareia f. aggaros courier …   Useful english dictionary