- Bicycle culture
Bicycle culture is a phrase most associated with cities and countries that feature a high rate of bicycle usage, sometimes called
utility cycling, as part of their cultural identity. Several countries have established bicycle cultures, including Denmark, the Netherlands, Germany, Chinaand Japan. It is particularly in the cities that bicycle culture is most widespread. In Copenhagenand Amsterdam, in particular, 37% and 40% respectively of all citizens ride their bike on a daily basis. In Europe, bicycle culture is generally regarded as meaning citizens using their bikes for commuting, running errands and dropping off children at school or kindergarten.
A city with a strong bicycle culture usually has a well-developed
infrastructurefavouring bicycles, including segregated bike lanes and extensive facilities catering to a large amount of bicycles in the urban landscape, such as bike racks at train stations.
American Bike Culture
In America, bike culture is regarded as a social movement, a sub-culture in many areas, advocating an increase in bicycle usage in the population. American bike culture is a set of art, music, and community events offered by passionate bicyclists seeking to inspire beginners, rally the faithful, and express their love of bicycling as a life choice.
Those who have made bicycling a lifestyle choice, not a mere recreational habit, often see bicycling as a movement they want to help grow. There are several paths people use to convince others to try biking: Practical improvements, Logic and Facts, and Bike Culture.
Practical Improvements include measures at the level of local government, such as bike lanes , improved parking facilities, and access to public transportation, as a well as products that improve the bicycling experience, such as flat-resistant tires and simple, effective safety products. These techniques help address the common objections to bicycling: "I don't feel safe", "my tires are flat", "what if my bike gets stolen?"
Bike Culture contributors use their efforts to access the emotions that are at the heart of decision-making. Recognizing that bicycling for transportation represents a significant departure from a more established automobile-centered how-to-live archetype, and therefore requires a strong emotional basis, Bike Culture artists, musicians, and organizers seeks to use their offerings and events to embolden these emotions, and push people farther along in their own personal transformations. Through music, art, and shared group experiences such as rides and events, bike culture aims to hit the emotions that can bring us the point of making changes in our daily habits and lives.
Bike culture consists of:
*Bike Rides, often noncompetitive in nature. Includes Critical Mass, Midnight Ridazz (more info below).
*Art Bikes, often impractical for transportation purposes or fantastical, such as tall bikes, choppers, unusual multi-person human-powered vehicles, and human powered floats.
*Printed word: Blogs, haikus, zines and magazines, stickers, spoke cards. Books include: Thomas Stevens with his narrative "Around the World on a Bicycle,"
Mark Twainwith his essay "Taming the Bicycle" and H. G. Wellswith his novel " The Wheels of Chance" were early contributors to bicycle culture.
*Spoken word: Slang, rap, poetry
*Arts and Crafts (both handmade and mass manufactured): An example of visual art is
Mona Caron's Bike Mural.
Who contributes to Bike Culture: Many cities contain
subcultures of bicycleenthusiasts, including racers, bicycle messengers, bicycle transportation activists, mutant bicycle fabricators, bicycle mechanics, and cyclists who share an interest in peace and justice activism or various counter-culture groups. Group activities may involve competitive cycling, fun rides, or even civil disobedience, which is how motorists may characterize the activities of Critical Mass. Some groups work to promote bicycle transportation ( community bicycle program); others fix up bicycles to give to children or the homeless, or to poor people in other countries ( Bikes Not Bombs).
Bicycle magazines and organizations give yearly awards to cities for being "bicycle friendly". Cities known as such, including
Amsterdam, Austin, Texas, Berlin, Boulder, Colorado, Chicago, Copenhagen, Kyoto, Ljubljana, Minneapolis, Münster, Ottawa, Paris, Philadelphia, and Portland, Oregonfeature "bicycle culture" as part of their urban identity. Midnight Ridazzis a group of bicycle enthusiasts who ride every second Friday of the month in Los Angeles California. Riding in numbers exceeding 1000 cyclists, this ride's only political motive is to inspire more people to ride bicycles. Similar midnight rides such as the Midnight Mystery rides of Portland and Victoria, the bi-monthly Midnight Mass of Vancouver BC, and similar rides across the US and Europe have been growing in popularity.
Segregated cycle facilities
* [http://bikengruvin.com/ Award Winning Recycled Bicycle Art]
* [http://cycleliciousness.blogspot.com The Copenhagen Bike Culture Blog]
* [http://bikeculture.austinyellowbike.org Austin Bike Culture Archive]
* [http://www.cyclingedinburgh.info/ Bicycle culture in Edinburgh]
* [http://www.bicyclefilmfestival.com/ Bicycle Film Festival]
* [http://www.joshuafrankel.net/projectPages/BicycleMessengers.html Bicycle Messengers - a short film with animated couriers]
* [http://www.thebicyclist.tv The Bicyclist - Internet Comedy Series - Portland, OR]
* [http://www.bikeathens.com/ BikeAthens]
* [http://thebikeshow.net/ The Bike Show on Resonance FM]
* [http://www.carbusters.org/index.php Carbusters magazine]
* [http://www.pdxk.com/crankmychain/ CrankMyChain! Cycle TV]
* [http://www.sfu.ca/city/city_pgm_video020.htm Cycling for Everyone: Lessons for Vancouver from the Netherlands, Denmark, and Germany] (video of lecture)
* [http://www.elmcitycycling.org/ ElmCityCycling]
* [http://www.BikeNow.org Cyclists Inciting Change thru LIVE Exchange]
* [http://www.cyclingfilms.de/ International Cycling Video Festival]
* [http://www.digave.com/videos/ Lucas Brunelle Productions]
* [http://mplsbikelove.com Minneapolis Bike Love]
* [http://www.momentumplanet.com/ Momentum Magazine]
* [http://www.villagevoice.com/nyclife/0612,tucker,72601,15.html Mutant Bike Gangs of New York]
* [http://rockthebike.com/culture Rock the Bike's Bike Culture blog entries]
* [http://www.ruhmlos.com Ruhmlos Cycling Pleasure]
* [http://www.shift2bikes.org/ SHIFT to bikes!]
* [http://www.thechainlink.org/ the chainlink] Chicago bicycling online community.
* [http://www.ubike.org/ University of Utah Bicycle Collective]
* [http://www.zoobomb.net Zoobombers]
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