Infobox Indian Jurisdiction
native_name = Aragalur | type = city | latd = 11.564462 | longd = 78.791113
locator_position = right | state_name = Tamil Nadu
district = Salem
altitude = 500
population_as_of = 2001
population_total = 3478| population_density =
area_telephone = 04282
postal_code = 636 101
vehicle_code_range = TN 27 & TN 30
Aragalur (six moat place) (ஆறகழூர் : ஆறு அகழி ஊர்) is a village in
Salem district, Tamil Nadu, India. It is about 6 kmfrom Thalaivasaland 70 km from Salem.
Aragalur literally means "six moat place" or the village having six
moats. One of the recent records suggest that the moats could have been in concentric circles [ [http://nganesan.thamizamuthu.com/wp/?page_id=90 SS Pandian] ] . Most of the moats have been filled and flattened to keep up the population growth.
Aragalur (Arakalur / Aragaloor / Aragazhur) was the capital of
Magadaimandalam ruled by the well known Bana Chieftains around 1190-1260 CE. Aragalurudaiya Ponparappinan Rajarajadevan alias Magadesan was the greatest in this dynasty. Pallava[http://www.whatisindia.com/ inscriptions] say, Chief Vanakovaraiyan Rajarajadevan Vannenjan alias Vannenja, a subordinate of Kopperunjingadeva - Kadavadynasty, lived in Aragalur around 1254 CE. The chief at Aragalur also has a family title of 'Ponparappinan'- referring to the gilding of the central shrine of the Arunachaleswara Temple[http://www.whatisindia.com/inscriptions/south_indian_inscriptions/volume_12/stones_226_to_250.html] at Tiruvannamalaiand 'Bana' the clan/ family title. This dynasty ruled at the same period as Kulothunga Chola III, and Jatavarman Sundara Pandyan I. Pandian won over Magadesan in 1251 CE but returned the kingdom back. Magadesan ruled Aragalur with out being subordinate and hence was captured and kept at Sankagirifort. The ponparappinan had the rishabhaand the garudaas his insignia. The 'ponparappinan's have donated generously to various temples. This donations are found in the inscriptions of Elavanasurand Jambaiof TirukkoyilurTaluk, Viluppuram districtDistrict, and Tiruppalappandal, CuddaloreTaluk, South ArcotDistrict. This kingdom ruler was raided by the Hoysalas more than six times and the Hoysalaking titled him self as ‘Magararajyadisapatta’ and ‘Magararajya Nirmulana’. (Magadai Mandalam in Tamil is translated in Kanadaas Magara Rajya). The Hoysalas captured around 1000 elephants and lots of wealth and women after the defeat. Tirumalai Nayak, governor of Vijayanagara Empirehad to intervene on the right to worship at the Sri Kamanada Eswar temple and he had to get support of the local heads and the larger public. The village was once ruled by a prince named Ekambara Mudaliyar (Ekambara Vaanan)?) [http://www.travelmasti.com/domestic/tamilnadu/yercaud.htm] . Buddhist temple in the outskirts of Aragalur indicate the possibility of Kalabhrasflourishing in this region between 3rd and 6th century. Historically, the villagers cultivated ragi (" Eleusine coracana"), cholam and cambu (" Pennisetum glaucum").
Epigraphs regarding the Aragalur (also known as Aarai & Aarai Nagar in ancient times) rulers are found at
Narattampundi, Aragandanallur, Tiruvellari, Kudimiyanmalai, Tiruparankundram, Tiruvannamalai& Tiruvanaikkaval. An old milestone mentioned the distance to Kanchipuram that was found at Aragalur is now displayed in Salem Museum.
In 2007 Village Panchayat President Election Mrs.K. Sumathi was selected.
Aragalur is part of the
Thalaivasal(SC) State Assembly seat and Rasipuram(SC) Parliament seat. It is interesting to note that there are more Scheduled castes and scheduled tribesconstituencies near Aragalur. State ST: Yercaud, Sendamangalam& Uppiliapuram. State SC: Thalaivasal, Perambalur, Varahur, Mangalore& Ulundurpettai. Parliament SC seats: Rasipuram, Perambalur& Chidambaram.
Vasishta Nadicarries the drainage of Kalrayan Hillsand flows through Attur, Thalaivasal and Cuddalore district with check dam at Pakkampadi and Periyeri / Aragalur border. This river flows in Tiruchirapalli and joins Sweta Nadi before flowing into the Bay of Bengal. Vasishta Nadi flows on the north and east part of the village. The Eri (argiriculture resorviour - diverted from river) feeds many parts of the wet lands. Other areas are feed by and deep open wells or borewells tapping the aquifer. There is also a concern that the ground water table is going down in this region due to excessive exploitation of ground water for agriculture.
Chiththeri, Periyeari, Thiyakanuor, Aaraththi Akrahaaram, Veppampuundi& Kaamakkaapaliyam
Agraharam, Market Street, Raja Vedi, Valayalkara theru, Kottai (Fort?) Street, Vannara Street, Cheri, Kaattukotaai(s), etc. As an elder put, this village is very well organized based on the labour skills that they provided. It can also be seen as segregation based on caste system.
Aragalur is primarily an agriculture village. Cattle (Cow, Buffalo, Goat, and Chicken) are grown for the milk, meat, leather and as working animal. Also as a hub for the neighboring villages, the village Sandy (
Farmers' market) is held on the Wednesday. There, you can get the fresh farm produce sold mostly by the farmers themselves. The market street has small businesses that cater to the daily needs of the population. There are private medical practitioners and a veterinarian to take care of the people and the large cattle population.
The mode to reach Aragalur is by taxi from Thaliavasal or
Attur. Alternately, you can also reach it by a bus from Attur/Thalaivasal that runs approximately once every hour.
Nearest railway station: Thalaivasal (TVSL).
Aragalur is landlocked and depends on the Port of Chennai for most oceangoing freight.
Chennai International Airporthandles cargo/passenger regional/international.
Indian Postal Service operates a post office (636 101) at Aragalur. There is a telephone exchange catering to the land line telephones. Recently the usage of mobile phones has increased in the village and shops selling them are available.
Educational institutions include Bharathi Vidya Mandir Matriculation School, Annai Theresa Matriculation School, Panchayat Union Elementary School, Government Boys Higher Secondary School, and Government Girls High School.
People of Aragalur are predominantly of
Hindufaith speaking Tamil language. There is a significant number of Senguntharcommunity who are primarily weavers. This village has many temples including Sri Kamanada Eswar and Solesvara( Ashlarwalls)- dedicated to Lord Shivaand Karivarada Raja Perumal dedicated to Lord Vishnu. There is also a 6-foot tall Buddha idol in the village of Thiaganoor on the outskirts of the Aragalur.
Flora and fauna
Lake fed areas are cultivated with
riceand cotton, while the dry lands are more suitable for peanuts ( goundnuts) and casava. Coconutis one of the common tall trees. The eri is planted with trees to retain the soil and also retain water due to improved cover from hot sun. The wild animals in this area include lizards, crows, sparrows and rarely rabbits.
Temples are primary attraction and few select days in the year are special for each of the big temples. Taking the god for a tour in the evening happens on auspicious occasions around the Raja Vedi. Aragalur celebrates many festivals like Pongal where the friends and relatives of near by villages are invited.
Bhairavar puja is celebrated in a grand way at the Sri Kamanada Eswar temple on the 8th day after the new moonday (Ashtami) at midnight. This is probably the only temple having like this Bairavar pooja in Tamilnadu. Once a year, morning raising sun's ray directly falls on the Lingamand is worshiped at this time by small number of traditional local families. This temple has a Temple tank, though dry for most part of the year. Kameshwara temple stala Purana indicates that the Kamadeva woke up Siva at this place. There is a village named Kaamakkaapaliyamin this locality. Sri Kamanada Eswar temple was built prior to 1206 CE and hosts many Epigraphs of historic and Archaeological importance and it is maintained by Tamilnadu Government Hindu Religious & Charitable Endowments ministry. The epigraphs were collected by the British Rajin 1931CE and numbered it 408 - 455. Bhirava pooja here is recent phenomena - since 2004 , and it is getting very popular and the village bustles with transient business.
Vishnu: Rajaraja Vanar Kovaraiyan built Karivaradha Perumal Kovil (Vishnu) in 12th century that is facing West. There are nice
Dasavatara muralswith the 9th avatar as Budha. This temple has a Temple tankhaving water. It's water is not used or minimally used for the ritualistic activity. Solesvaran Temple: This temple gives the old name for the village as 'Thayinum nalla chozhiswaram'. The temple is constructed using Granitestones with no mortar. There is one inscriptionin the temple, Nandi in separate Mandapa. There is another small temple for the goddess adjacent to the Solesvaran temple and the construction is similar to the mail temple. Locals believe that this was constructed by/in honor of Kulothunga Chola III. In 2007, volunteers have cleared the vegetation over growth on the roof of this temple. Temple cars: ( [http://www.mynet.in/salem2.htm Donated by Eramanchi Tulukanna Nayaka 1518] under Vijayanagara Empireruler Krishnadevaraya) in ruins - not maintained. The art work is brilliant even in the current condition.
Buddha temple: The Budha temple and Buddha statues are found in the neighboring village
Thiyakanuoris another attraction to visitors.
For the visitors who have extra time on their hand there is no shortage of temples, small and big, in this small village. There are more temples for the tiny population of this village.
Jainstatues were present in this village. They are probably moved to Salem museum.
International tourists have visited Aragalur in 2007 as part of
Agritourismdue to promotion of Organic Farmingby few enterprising farmers - using the Hospitality service.
There are couple of restaurants that provide basic food to the locals and tourists. For accommodation, Attur is the nearest desirable place.
* The Hoysaḷa Dynasty, By University of Mysore. Dept. of History
* Madras District Gazetteers, By Madras (India : State)
* Gadyakarṇāmr̥ta of Sakala-Vidyācakravarttin, S. S. Janaki, Kuppuswami Sastri Research Institute.
* [http://www.salem.tn.nic.in/aprofile.htm official district web site]
* [http://tnmaps.tn.nic.in/pr_villages.php?dc=08&tlkname=Talavasal®ion=10&lvl=block&size=1200 block map]
* [http://www.whatisindia.com/ What is India]
* [http://www.travelmasti.com/domestic/tamilnadu/yercaud.htm travelmasti]
* [http://www.mynet.in/salem2.htm Salem History]
* [http://www.freehomepages.com/tamil-arts/volume2/articles/somanatha%20temple.htm Somanatha temple, Kumbhakonam inscriptions]
* [http://tamil.sify.com/kalachuvadu/july04/fullstory.php?id=13519776 Thiyakanuor]
* [http://nganesan.thamizamuthu.com/wp/?page_id=90 Magadai and Pandian]
* [http://tamilartsacademy.com/tninscriptions/salem.xml Inscription 408-455 year 1913CE]
* [http://nganesan.thamizamuthu.com/wp/?page_id=90 SS Pandian]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Narasingapuram, Salem — This article is about a town in Salem district. For other uses, see Narasingapuram. Narasingapuram city Coordinates Country India … Wikipedia
Magadai — or Magadai Mandalam was a Tamil dynasty that flourished during the 13th and 14th centuries near the modern day Aragalur. Aragalurudaiya Ponparappinan Rajarajadevan, alias Magadesan, was the Bana chief who ruled this region around 1197. There were … Wikipedia
Bhairava — Hdeity infobox| Caption = Bhairav Statue,British Museum Name = Bhairava Devanagari = भैरव (भैराद्य: in Nepal Bhasa) Sanskrit Transliteration = Pali Transliteration = Tamil script = Script name = Script = Affiliation = Aspect of Shiva God of =… … Wikipedia
Vasishta Nadi — Vasishta Nadi, named after the Hindu sage Vasishtha, originates from Salem district, flows through Attur, Thalaivasal, Aragalur and Cuddalore district. This river flows in Tiruchirapalli and joins Sweata Nadi before flowing into the Bay of Bengal … Wikipedia
Chinnasalem — city … Wikipedia
Bana Kingdom — The Bana kings ruled parts of South India. In many cases as subordinate position and some times taking major roles. The Banas had their capital at various places at different times, including Kolar.Bana Kings* Jayanandivarman * Vijayaditya I, Son … Wikipedia
Salem, Tamil Nadu — Infobox Indian Jurisdiction native name=Salem type = city | latd = 11.625|longd=78.165 locator position = right | state name = Tamil Nadu district = Salem leader title=Mayor leader name= J. Rekha Priyadharshini altitude = 278 population as of =… … Wikipedia
Mariamman — Mariamman, Mari, Aatha Goddess of disease, rain and protection Devanagari मरी Tamil script மாரியம்மன் … Wikipedia
Kama — Kāma (Skt., Pali; Devanagari: काम) is pleasure, sensual gratification, sexual fulfillment, pleasure of the senses, desire, eros, the aesthetic enjoyment of life in Sanskrit. In Hinduism, kāma is regarded as one of the four goals of life… … Wikipedia
Kamadeva — For other meanings, see kama (disambiguation) and Deva (Hinduism). Kamadeva Hindu god of love Devanagari काम देव … Wikipedia