Australian federal election, 1975


Australian federal election, 1975

Infobox Election
election_name = Australian federal election, 1975
country = Australia
type = parliamentary
ongoing = no
previous_election = Australian federal election, 1974
previous_year = 1974
next_election = Australian federal election, 1977
next_year = 1977
seats_for_election = All 127 seats of the Australian House of Representatives
and all 60 seats of the Australian Senate
election_date = 13 December 1975



leader1 = Malcolm Fraser
leader_since1 = 8 March 1975
party1 = Liberal/National coalition
leaders_seat1 = Wannon
last_election1 = 61 seats
seats1 = 91
seat_change1 = +30
popular_vote1 =
percentage1 = 55.70%
swing1 = +7.40



leader2 = Gough Whitlam
leader_since2 = 8 February 1967
party2 = Australian Labor Party
leaders_seat2 = Werriwa
last_election2 = 66 seats
seats2 = 36
seat_change2 = -30
popular_vote2 =
percentage2 = 44.30%
swing2 = -7.40

title = PM
before_election = Malcolm Fraser
before_party = Liberal/National coalition
after_election = Malcolm Fraser
after_party = Liberal/National coalition

Federal elections were held in Australia on 13 December 1975. All 127 seats in the House of Representatives, and all 64 seats in the Senate were up for election following a double dissolution of both Houses. Malcolm Fraser had been commissioned as prime minister following the dismissal of the Whitlam Labor government by Governor-General Sir John Kerr, on 11 November 1975. That same day, Fraser advised the calling of the election, in accordance with Kerr's stipulated conditions (see 1975 Australian constitutional crisis). Thus the Liberal Party of Australia, led by Fraser, with coalition partner the National Country Party, led by Doug Anthony, went to the election as a minority caretaker government and defeated the Australian Labor Party under Gough Whitlam, who had been prime minister from 5 December 1972 until his dismissal.

{| class="wikitable"
+Senate (STV) — 1975-77 — Turnout 95.39% (CV) — Informal 9.10%
style="width:20px" |
style="width:180px" | Party
style="width:70px" align=center | Votes
style="width:40px" align=center| %
style="width:40px" align=center| Swing
style="width:40px" align=center| Seats Won
style="width:40px" align=center| Seats Held
-
bgcolor=red |
Australian Labor Party
align=right| 2,931,310
align=right| 40.91
align=right| -6.38
align=right| 27
align=right| 27
-

Liberal/Country (Joint Ticket)
align=right| 2,855,721
align=right| 39.86
align=right| +5.09
align=right| 17
align=right|
-
bgcolor=blue |
Liberal Party of Australia
align=right| 793,772
align=right| 11.08
align=right| +3.26
align=right| 16
align=right| 26
-
bgcolor=gray |
Democratic Labor Party
align=right| 191,049
align=right| 2.67
align=right| -0.89
align=right| 0
align=right| 0
-
bgcolor=purple |
Liberal Movement
align=right| 76,426
align=right| 1.07
align=right| +0.11
align=right| 1
align=right| 1
-
bgcolor=green |
National Country Party
align=right| 38,366
align=right| 0.54
align=right| -0.76
align=right| 1
align=right| 8
-
bgcolor=brown |
Country Liberal Party
align=right| 15,519
align=right| 0.22
align=right| -0.01
align=right| 1
align=right| 1
-
bgcolor=gray |
Independents
align=right| 114,310
align=right| 1.60
align=right| -0.24
align=right| 1
align=right| 1
-
bgcolor=gray |
Other
align=right| 148,240
align=right| 2.07
align=right|
align=right| 0
align=right| 0
-

Total
align=right| 7,164,713
align=right|
align=right|
align=right| 64
align=right| 64Independent: Brian Harradine

Issues

The election followed the controversial dismissal of the Whitlam government by Governor-General Sir John Kerr in the 1975 constitutional crisis. Labor campaigners hoped that the electorate would "maintain [its] rage" and punish the Coalition for its part in bringing down the government, proclaiming "Shame Fraser, Shame". However, the Coalition successfully focused on economic issues and alleged Labor mismanagement of inflation and the so-called Loans Affair, campaigning under the slogan "Turn on the lights, Australia".

ignificance

The 1975 election produced the most one-sided redistribution of seats since Federation. The Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory had received an entitlement to elect 2 senators each as a consequence of the 1974 Joint Sitting of the Australian Parliament.

References

* [http://australianpolitics.com/elections/1975/ AustralianPolitics.com 1975 election details]
* [http://elections.uwa.edu.au/ University of WA] election results in Australia since 1890
* [http://www.aec.gov.au/Elections/Australian_Electoral_History/House_of_Representative_1949_Present.htm AEC 2PP vote]
*Prior to 1984 the AEC did not undertake a full distribution of preferences for statistical purposes. The stored ballot papers for the 1983 election were put through this process prior to their destruction. Therefore the figures from 1983 onwards show the actual result based on full distribution of preferences.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Australian federal election, 1974 — Infobox Election election name = Australian federal election, 1974 country = Australia type = parliamentary ongoing = no previous election = Australian federal election, 1972 previous year = 1972 next election = Australian federal election, 1975… …   Wikipedia

  • Australian federal election, 2007 — Infobox Election election name = Australian federal election, 2007 country = Australia type = parliamentary ongoing = no previous election = Australian federal election, 2004 previous year = 2004 next election = Next Australian federal election… …   Wikipedia

  • Australian federal election, 1983 — Independent: Brian HarradineBackgroundThe coalition government led by Malcolm Fraser had to contend with a parlous economic situation with high inflation and high unemployment. The nation had seen an increase in industrial disputation and many… …   Wikipedia

  • Australian federal election, 1977 — Independent: Brian Harradine Background and IssuesThe election is remembered for the fistful of dollars advertisements run by the government, offering tax cuts to voters. The tax cuts were never delivered; instead a temporary surcharge was… …   Wikipedia

  • Next Australian federal election — 2010 ← On or before 30 November 2013 …   Wikipedia

  • Post-election pendulum for the Australian federal election, 2010 — The following pendulum is known as the Mackerras Pendulum, invented by psephologist Malcolm Mackerras. Designed for the outcome of the 2010 federal election and changes since, the pendulum works by lining up all of the seats held in Parliament,… …   Wikipedia

  • Candidates of the Australian federal election, 2007 — This article provides details on candidates that stood at the 2007 Australian federal election.Nominations were formally declared open by the Australian Electoral Commission following the issue of the writ on Wednesday, 17 October 2007.… …   Wikipedia

  • South Australian state election, 1975 — ee also* South Australian legislative elections * South Australian Legislative Council * South Australian House of AssemblyReferences* [http://www.abc.net.au/elections/sa/2006/guide/pastelec.htm Historical lower house results] *… …   Wikipedia

  • Chronology of Australian federal parliaments — The following is a Chronology of the Federal Parliaments of Australia. The sequence of parliaments is determined by the opening and dissolution (or expiration) of the House of Representatives. The Senate is not normally dissolved at all, except… …   Wikipedia

  • South Australian state election, 2006 — The final results for the House of Assembly seats were 28 Labor, 15 Liberal, three independents and one National. First preference and two party preferred statistics for each district are available through the South Australian House of Assembly… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.