Presidential Security Service


Presidential Security Service

Infobox Government agency
agency_name = Presidential Security Service
nativename =
nativename_a =
nativename_r =
logo =
logo_width =
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seal_width =
seal_caption =
formed = 1963
preceding1 =
preceding2 =
dissolved =
superseding = Kyong Mu Dae Presidential Security Police (First)
Blue House Presidential Police (Second)
jurisdiction = Government of South Korea
headquarters = Near Blue House
employees =
budget =
minister1_name =
minister1_pfo =
minister2_name =
minister2_pfo =
chief1_name = Yom Sang Guk
chief1_position = Chief Officer
chief2_name =
chief2_position =
parent_agency =
child1_agency =
child2_agency =
website =
footnotes =

Presidential Security Service or PSS is a South Korean close protection agency. Based on the United States Secret Service, the South Korean PSS is an independent agency responsible for the protection of the President of South Korea and the Blue House.

The unit is currently being commanded by Yom Sang Guk, 12th chief officer of the PSS. [ [http://www.pss.go.kr/warp/en/intro/greeting/head/ Greetings.] Retrieved on January 24, 2008.] Its headquarters and related support units are based near the Blue House. [ [http://www.pss.go.kr/warp/en/intro/location/ Location.] Retrieved on January 24, 2008.]

History

The PSS had been established in 1949 as the Kyong Mu Dae Presidential Security Police [http://www.globalsecurity.org/intell/world/rok/pss.htm Presidential Security Service at GlobalSecurity.org.] Retrieved on January 24, 2008.] . Its name soon changed in 1960 to the Blue House Presidential Police with a Security Force raised in 1961 to closely guard Park Chung Hee. [http://www.globalsecurity.org/intell/world/rok/pss.htm Presidential Security Service at GlobalSecurity.org.] Retrieved on January 24, 2008.]

The unit had a name change again, this time to the PSS, after the PSS Law 157 had passed in 1963 with Hong Jong Chul as its first chief [http://www.globalsecurity.org/intell/world/rok/pss.htm Presidential Security Service at GlobalSecurity.org.] Retrieved on January 24, 2008.] under the direction of the Gyeongmundae Police Force [ [http://www.pss.go.kr/warp/en/intro/history/ Introduction to PSS.] Retrieved on January 24, 2008.] . PSS responsibilities were increased after North Korean soldiers of the 124th Army Unit had attacked the Blue House in 1968 [ [http://www.pss.go.kr/warp/en/major/history/index_03.html History of Activities, The 3rd Republic.] Retrieved on January 24, 2008.] [ [http://cgsc.leavenworth.army.mil/carl/download/csipubs/scenes/scen_c3.pdf Scenes from an Unfinished War: Low-Intensity Conflict in Korea, 1966-1968] ] .

In 1974, the PSS had been granted more power over the South Korean military and various law enforcement agencies under the enactment of Security Committee for presidential protection (Executive Order 7246) and of Security Control Unit for presidential protection (Executive Order 7246) [http://www.fas.org/irp/world/rok/pss.htm Presidential Security Service at FAS.org.] Retrieved on January 24, 2008.] after Park Chung Hee's wife, Yuk Young-soo was killed [ [http://www.pss.go.kr/warp/en/major/history/index_04.html History of Activities, the 4th Republic.] Retrieved on January 24, 2008] .

The abolishment of Security Committee for presidential protection (Executive Order 9692) and abolishment of Security Control Unit for presidential protection (Executive Order 9692) came in 1979 after Park Chung Hee had been assassinated. In 1981, the PSS had been mandated by the revision of PSS directives [http://www.pss.go.kr/warp/en/major/history/index_05.html History of Activities, the 5th Republic.] Retrieved on January 24, 2008] in order to protect former South Korean presidents and their families [http://www.fas.org/irp/world/rok/pss.htm Presidential Security Service at FAS.org.] Retrieved on January 24, 2008.] .

The PSS had been involved in the close protection of Pope John Paul II with PSS agents protecting the Pope on May 6, 1984 in Seoul. [http://www.pss.go.kr/warp/en/major/history/index_05.html History of Activities, the 5th Republic.] Retrieved on January 24, 2008]

On February 1, 1989, the Cheongnamdae (Presidential retreat) guard squad is formed. [ [http://www.pss.go.kr/warp/en/major/history/index_06.html History of Activities, the 6th Republic.] Retrieved on January 24, 2008.]

On April 1, 1993, an anti-terrorist division had been created with the Mugunghwa Dongsan ( _ko. Clearing away of the security house) division on July 1, 1993 [ [http://www.pss.go.kr/warp/en/major/history/index_07.html History of Activities, Civilian Government.] Retrieved on January 24, 2008.] . On March 3, 1999, a PSS Multi Security Training Center had been created. [http://www.pss.go.kr/warp/en/major/history/index_08.html History of Activities, People's Government.] Retrieved on January 24, 2008.]

During the 2002 FIFA World Cup, the PSS had established Cheong Wa Dae World Cup Safety Measures Team and the World Cup Security & Safety Control Division to bolster security in South Korean soil [http://www.pss.go.kr/warp/en/major/history/index_08.html History of Activities, People's Government.] Retrieved on January 24, 2008.]

The PSS had been relieved on their duties to guard the Blue House on April 18, 2003 as jurisdiction was given to the Chungcheongbuk-do Provincial Government. [http://www.pss.go.kr/warp/en/major/history/index_09.html History of Activities, Participatory Government.] Retrieved on January 24, 2008.] On January 1, 2005, the Pusan APEC Security Safety Control Group had been established by the PSS [http://www.pss.go.kr/warp/en/major/history/index_09.html History of Activities, Participatory Government.] Retrieved on January 24, 2008.]

The Presidential Security Safety Measures Committee had been legalized as a committee on March 10, 2005. [http://www.pss.go.kr/warp/en/major/history/index_09.html History of Activities, Participatory Government.] Retrieved on January 24, 2008.]

Duties

Among the duties conducted by PSS agents include close protection for the following: [http://www.fas.org/irp/world/rok/pss.htm Presidential Security Service at FAS.org.] Retrieved on January 24, 2008.] [ [http://www.pss.go.kr/warp/en/intro/duties/duties/ Duties.] Retrieved on January 24, 2008.]

# President of South Korea and family.
# Blue House.
# Former Presidents of South Korea and family after 7 years.
# Visiting heads of state.
# Domestic/Foreign VIPs, under approval of the PSS.

Organization

As of 2008, the PSS had been organized into the following: [ [http://www.pss.go.kr/warp/en/intro/organization/ Organizations & Functions.] Retrieved on January 24, 2008.]

*Head of PSS
***Inspector General
*Vice Head of PSS
***Headquarters for Innovation & Planning
**Headquarters for Administration
**Headquarters for Protection
**Headquarters for Intelligence & Security
**Headquarters for Education & Training

Code and Pledge

The PSS has a code and a pledge that its agents must abide by at all times:

Code

Unity - The will for unity amongst all and conformity with the President reflecting the teamwork orientated characteristic of security duties [http://www.pss.go.kr/warp/en/intro/duties/code/ Code & Pledge.] Retrieved on January 24, 2008.]

Loyalty - The very basic mental attitude of security agents towards the nation and its people [http://www.pss.go.kr/warp/en/intro/duties/code/ Code & Pledge.] Retrieved on January 24, 2008.]

Eternity - Security duties pursue eternal honor to the end by being with the President with a precondition of self-sacrifice [http://www.pss.go.kr/warp/en/intro/duties/code/ Code & Pledge.] Retrieved on January 24, 2008.]

Honor - Expertise and dignity of the security duty based on sacrifice and service [http://www.pss.go.kr/warp/en/intro/duties/code/ Code & Pledge.] Retrieved on January 24, 2008.]

Pledge

# One, we will lay down our lives for the successful execution of our duties. [http://www.pss.go.kr/warp/en/intro/duties/code/ Code & Pledge.] Retrieved on January 24, 2008.]
# Another, we will act in a righteous and truthful manner. [http://www.pss.go.kr/warp/en/intro/duties/code/ Code & Pledge.] Retrieved on January 24, 2008.]
# Third, we will firmly unify on the basis of mutual trust. [http://www.pss.go.kr/warp/en/intro/duties/code/ Code & Pledge.] Retrieved on January 24, 2008.]
# Fourth, we will guard the preservation of public peace like our lives. [http://www.pss.go.kr/warp/en/intro/duties/code/ Code & Pledge.] Retrieved on January 24, 2008.]
# Fifth, we will guard the honor and maintain dignity. [http://www.pss.go.kr/warp/en/intro/duties/code/ Code & Pledge.] Retrieved on January 24, 2008.]

References

External links

* [http://www.pss.go.kr/warp/app/home/kr_Start Official Site] ko icon


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