- Town privileges
- 'City rights' redirects here. See also: municipal charter.
Judicially, a town was distinguished from the surrounding land by means of a charter from the ruling monarch that defined its privileges and laws. Common privileges were related to trading (to have a market, to store goods, etc.) and the establishment of guilds. Some of these privileges were permanent and could imply that the town obtained the right to be called a city, hence the term city rights (Stadtrecht in German). Some degree of self-government, representation in a diet, and tax-relief could also be granted. Multiple tiers existed; for example, in Sweden, the basic royal charter for a city enabled trade, but not foreign trade, which required a higher-tier charter granting staple right.
- German town law
- Kulm law
- Lübeck law
- Magdeburg rights
- Confoederatio cum principibus ecclesiasticis
- City rights in the Low Countries
- City status in the United Kingdom
- Town privileges in Sweden
- Imperial free city
- Scottish Burgh
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.