Panglong, located in
Shan State, Myanmar(formerly Burma) is a town founded by Chinese Muslim settlers in the trans-Salween Wa States, and was host to the Panglong Conference. The town is home to Panglong University. "'(there are 3 towns in Shan State with the names 'Panglong'. of them, the most well known is the Panglong where the historical conference took place. Second, the Panglong in the Wa regions near China border. Third, the Palng in northern Shan State. So, don't confuse)
In addition to the main settlement of Panglong, two other smaller Panthay villages, Panyao and Pachang, were established about 12 miles distant to the south and east respectively, 'which had about eighty houses'. The dominant group in the villages were the Panthay, chiefly Hui migrants from Dali,
Baoshan, Shanning, Menghuaand elsewhere in southern and western Yunnan. James George Scottcomments that these Chinese Muslims were 'all merchants, mule-owners and men of substance'; indeed, considering this wealth Scott concluded that it was only the military prowess and superior armaments of the Panthay which kept their annual tribute to the ruler of Son Mu fixed at the low figure of 100 rupees per annum. The same source continues:
By the time Scott visited Panglong – at least 15 years after the collapse of the Yunnan Muslim Rebellion – the original Panthay settlements had grown to include numbers of Shan and other hill peoples. The Panthay were, generally speaking, affluent enough to employ these more recent settlers as mule-drivers and 'to do the drudgery generally'. In large measure this affluence must have been due the lifting of the Qing proscription on Hui settlement in Yunnan (c.
1888- 1890), as a result of which the Panglong "Panthays" were able to re-establish trading contacts with their fellows remaining settled within Yunnan. As a result of this development a number of the original refugees returned to China, merely maintaining agents at Panglong; certainly Scott noted that as many of the Panthay caravan traded into China as throughout the Shan States from Panglong.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Panglong Conference — The Panglong Conference ( my. ပင္လုံစာခ္ယInုပ္), held in February 1947, was an historic meeting that took place at Panglong in the Shan States in Burma between the Shan, Kachin and Chin ethnic minority leaders and Aung San, head of the interim… … Wikipedia
Panglong Agreement — The Panglong Agreement was reached between the Burmese government under Aung San and the Shan, Kachin, and Chin peoples on 12 February, 1947. The agreement accepted Full autonomy in internal administration for the Frontier Areas in principle and… … Wikipedia
Panglong Conference — (1947) Although a first Panglong Conference was held in March 1946, the term is generally used to refer to the second conference, held February 7 12, 1947, at the town of the same name in what is now Shan State. At the conference, Aung San… … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
Conférence de Panglong — La Conférence de Panglong (birman ပင္လုံစာခ္ယ à ုပ္) a eu lieu en février 1947 à Panglong, dans l État Shan en Birmanie. Elle réunissait des représentants de plusieurs minorités, les Shans, les Kachins et les Chins, et Aung San, chef du… … Wikipédia en Français
Panthay — Panthays form a group of Chinese Muslims in Burma. Some people refer to Panthays as the oldest group of Chinese Muslims in Burma. However, because of intermixing and cultural diffusion the Panthays are not as distinct a group as there once… … Wikipedia
Panthays — form a group of Chinese Muslims in Burma. Some people refer to Panthays as the oldest group of Chinese Muslims in Burma. However, because of intermixing and cultural diffusion the Panthays are not as distinct a group as they once were. Contents 1 … Wikipedia
History of Burma — Prehistory 11,000–200 BCE Pyu city states 200 BCE–835 CE Mon kingdoms 825?–1057 Arakanese kingdoms 788?–1406 … Wikipedia
Shan State — ရှမ်းပြည်နယ် State Myanma transcription(s) – Burmese … Wikipedia
Bewaffnete Konflikte in Birma — Karte der Staaten und Divisionen Myanmars Bewaffnete Konflikte in Myanmar bestehen seit der Erlangung der Unabhängigkeit von Myanmar (Birma bzw. Burma) 1948 bis heute. Hierbei kämpften und kämpfen Rebellengruppen aus ethnischen Minderheiten in… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Bewaffnete Konflikte in Myanmar — Karte der Staaten und Divisionen Myanmars Bewaffnete Konflikte in Myanmar bestehen seit der Erlangung der Unabhängigkeit von Myanmar (Birma bzw. Burma) 1948 bis heute. Hierbei kämpften und kämpfen Rebellengruppen aus ethnischen Minderheiten in… … Deutsch Wikipedia