List of national parks of Brazil

List of national parks of Brazil

The system of national parks in Brazil started in 1937 with the creation of Itatiaia National Park. Another two national parks have been created in 1939, and after a period of 20 years, the program of park creation has been restarted. Since than the number of parks increased steadily to 33 by 1990 and 67 by 2010.[1][2]

The size of the parks varies vastly between the 3,300 ha Tijuca National Park and the 3,800,000 ha Tumucumaque National Park. Of the 67 national parks, 19 are protecting an area representing 5% of the original Amazon Rainforest and another 22 protect 1% of the original Atlantic Forest. Seven parks are protecting the Caatinga ecoregion and twelve the Cerrado ecoregion. There are only six coastal and marine parks, one protecting the Pantanal wetland and none which would protect the Pampas.[1][2]

Only parks with a management plan and a public use plan can be accessed by visitors. By 2010 only 30 parks were accessible to the public. Of these the two most visited were the Tijuca National Park with 1.7 million visitors and the Iguaçu National Park with 1 million visitors, together accounting for 71% of all visitors to national parks in Brazil in 2009.[1]

National parks of Brazil
Name Year Area (km²)
Abrolhos Marine National Park 1983 688
Amazônia National Park 1974 9,940
Alto Cariri National Park 2010 182
Aparados da Serra National Park 1959 102
Araguaia National Park 1959 5,623
Araucárias National Park 2005 128
Boa Nova National Park 2010 142
Brasília National Park 1961 300
Cabo Orange National Park 1980 6,190
Campos Amazônicos National Park 2006 8,760
Campos Gerais National Park 2006 215
Caparaó National Park 1961 318
Cavernas do Peruaçu National Park 1999 568
Chapada das Mesas National Park 2005 1,600
Chapada Diamantina National Park 1985 1,520
Chapada dos Guimarães National Park 1989 330
Chapada dos Veadeiros National Park 1961 600
Descobrimento National Park 1999 211
Emas National Park 1961 1,318
Fernado de Noronha Marine National Park 1988 112
Grande Sertão Veredas National Park 1989 833
Iguaçu National Park 1939 1,852
Ilha Grande National Park 1997 788
Itatiaia National Park 1937 300
Jacupiranga State Park 1969 1,500
Jamanxim National Park 2006 8,597
Jaú National Park 1980 22,720
Jericoacoara National Park 2002 200
Jurubatiba Sandbank National Park 1996 148
Juruena National Park 2006 19,602
Lagoa do Peixe National Park 1986 344
Lençóis Maranhenses National Park 1981 1,550
Mapinguari National Park 2008 15,624
Monte Pascoal National Park 1961 225
Monte Roraima National Park 1989 1,160
Nascentes do Lago Jari National Park 2008 8,121
Nascentes do Rio Parnaíba National Park 2002 7,298
Pacaás Novos National Park 1979 7,658
Pantanal Matogrossense National Park 1971 1,350
Pau Brasil National Park 2000 115
Pedra Azul National Park 1996 100
Pico da Neblina National Park 1979 22,000
Pontões Capixabas National Park 2002 174
Saint-Hilaire/Lange National Park 2001 245
São Joaquim National Park 1961 493
Sempre Vivas National Park 2002 1,245
Serra da Bocaina National Park 1974 1,318
Serra da Bodoquena National Park 2000 764
Serra da Canastra National Park 1972 2,000
Serra da Capivara National Park 1979 979
Serra da Cutia National Park 2001 2,836
Serra da Mocidade National Park 1998 805
Serra das Confusões National Park 1998 8,234
Serra das Lontras National Park 2010 113
Serra de Itabaiana National Park 2005 79
Serra do Cipó National Park 1984 310
Serra do Divisor National Park 1989 8,430
Serra do Itajaí National Park 2004 573
Serra do Pardo National Park 2005 4,473
Serra dos Órgãos National Park 1939 110
Serra Geral National Park 1992 173
Sete Cidades National Park 1961 62
Superagüi National Park 1989 210
Tijuca National Park 1961 39
Tumucumaque National Park 2002 38,874
Ubajara National Park 1959 62
Vale do Catimbau National Park 2002 623
Viruá National Park 1998 2,159

See also


  1. ^ a b c Ariane Janér: The National Parks of Brazil, EcoBrasil - Brazilian Ecotourism Association
  2. ^ a b David Braun: Brazil beefs up protection of Atlantic rain forest, in National Geographic, 14 June 2010

External links

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