- St Enoch railway station
Glasgow St Enoch St Enoch railway station hotel in 1879. Photograph by James Valentine Location Place Glasgow Area Glasgow Coordinates Coordinates: Operations Original company City of Glasgow Union Railway Pre-grouping Glasgow and South Western Railway Post-grouping LMS Platforms 12 History 12 December 1870 Dunlop Street station opened 17 October 1876 Dunlop Street station closed 17 October 1876 Opened 27 June 1966 Closed Disused railway stations in the United Kingdom Closed railway stations in Britain
A B C D–F G H–J K–L M–O P–R S T–V W–Z
Located on St Enoch Square in the city centre, it was opened by the City of Glasgow Union Railway, in 1876. The first passenger train stopped there on 1 May 1876 and the official opening took place on 17 October 1876.
In 1883 it was taken over by the Glasgow and South Western Railway (G&SWR) and it became their head quarters. Services ran to most parts of the G&SWR system, including Ayr, Dumfries, Carlisle, Kilmarnock and Stranraer. In partnership with the Midland Railway, through services also ran to England, using the Settle and Carlisle Railway from Carlisle to Leeds, Sheffield, Derby and London St Pancras.
It was the site of a rail crash in 1903 in which 16 passengers were killed and 64 injured when a train overran the buffers. In the 1923 grouping it was taken over and then operated by the London Midland and Scottish Railway. After the nationalisation of the United Kingdom rail network, the station was run by British Railways.
It was a large station with 12 platforms and two impressive semi-cylindrical glass/iron roofed train sheds. The station was closed on 27 June 1966 as part of the rationalisation of the railway system undertaken by Dr Richard Beeching; upon closure its 250 trains and 23,000 passengers a day were diverted to Central. The roofs of the structure were demolished, despite protests, in 1977. The clock that was suspended from the roof of the station was saved from destruction and is now on display in Cumbernauld Town Centre.
The St Enoch Hotel which fronted the station was also demolished in 1977.
The site of the station is now occupied by another glass structure, the St Enoch Centre, a large shopping centre. The remains of the station and hotel were used to help in fill the Queen's Dock, today the home of the Scottish Exhibition and Conference Centre (SECC).
The red sandstone ticket hall which stands in St Enoch Square immediately west of the shopping centre is not part of the former rail station, but is the former ticket hall for the adjacent St Enoch subway station on the Glasgow Subway.
Though the mainline station is gone, parts of the arcaded approach embankments (now containing shops and restaurants) can be seen to the east of the shopping centre's car park on Osborne Street. Although these currently go nowhere, they once connected with the Glasgow City Union Railway and the City Union Bridge of 1899 which still spans the River Clyde.
Dunlop Street railway station
St Enoch station replaced a previous station close by called Glasgow Dunlop Street, which was opened by the City of Glasgow Union Railway on 12 December 1870 and closed by the Glasgow and South Western Railway the same day St Enoch opened.
Glasgow Central & St Enoch approachesLegend City of Glasgow Union Railway Glasgow Central Glasgow Central Railway St Enoch River Clyde -- parts of former station reused as carriage sidings Glasgow Bridge Street Glasgow and Paisley Joint Railway Cumberland Street || Main Street Gorbals Eglinton Street || Southside Polloc and Govan Railway General Terminus and Glasgow Harbour Railway Pollokshields East Cathcart District Railway Pollokshields West Strathbungo Glasgow, Barrhead and Kilmarnock Joint Railway Cathcart District Railway Preceding station Historical railways Following station Terminus North British Railway
Gallowgate Terminus Glasgow and South Western Railway
Glasgow, Barrhead and Neilston Direct Railway
Gorbals Terminus Glasgow and South Western Railway
- ^ a b c d e f g h Butt (1995), page 103
- ^ a b c Thomas (1971)
- ^ "Passengers centralised". Railway Magazine 112 (784): 429. August 1966.
- ^ a b c Williams (1999)
- ^ Seen in the 1981 film Gregory's Girl
- ^ "Aerial view of Osborne Street, Glasgow showing approach viaduct to the extinct St Enoch Station". http://maps.google.co.uk/maps?f=q&hl=en&geocode=&q=55.855787,+-4.246243&ie=UTF8&ll=55.855889,-4.246259&spn=0.002349,0.007231&t=h&z=17&om=0. Retrieved February 10, 2008.
- Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1-8526-0508-1. OCLC 60251199.
- Johnston, Colin; Hulme, John H. (1979). Glasgow Stations (1st ed.). Newton Abbott, Devon: David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-7569-5. OCLC 6091133.
- Jowett, Alan (March 1989). Jowett's Railway Atlas of Great Britain and Ireland: From Pre-Grouping to the Present Day (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1-8526-0086-1. OCLC 22311137.
- Thomas, John (1971). A Regional History of the Railways of Great Britain. Volume VI Scotland: The Lowlands and the Borders (1st ed.). Newton Abbot, Devon: David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-5408-6. OCLC 16198685.
- Thomas, John; Paterson, Rev A.J.S. (1984). A Regional History of the Railways of Great Britain. Volume VI Scotland: The Lowlands and the Borders (2nd ed.). Newton Abbott, Devon: David & Charles. ISBN 0-9465-3712-7. OCLC 12521072.
- Williams, David (January 1999). The Glasgow guide : guided walks through old and new Glasgow. Edinburgh: Canongate. ISBN 0-8624-1840-2. OCLC 40685704.
- Some pictures of the station shortly before demolition
- Urban Glasgow Discussion Forum topic about the station, including pictures
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