St Enoch railway station


St Enoch railway station
Glasgow St Enoch
St Enoch railway station in 1879.jpg
St Enoch railway station hotel in 1879. Photograph by James Valentine
Location
Place Glasgow
Area Glasgow
Coordinates 55°51′26″N 4°15′13″W / 55.85730°N 4.25370°W / 55.85730; -4.25370Coordinates: 55°51′26″N 4°15′13″W / 55.85730°N 4.25370°W / 55.85730; -4.25370
Operations
Original company City of Glasgow Union Railway
Pre-grouping Glasgow and South Western Railway
Post-grouping LMS
Platforms 12
History
12 December 1870 Dunlop Street station opened[1]
17 October 1876 Dunlop Street station closed[1]
17 October 1876 Opened[1]
27 June 1966 Closed[1]
Disused railway stations in the United Kingdom
Closed railway stations in Britain
A B C D–F G H–J K–L M–O P–R S T–V W–Z
Portal icon UK Railways portal

St Enoch station was a mainline railway station in the city of Glasgow, Scotland between 1876 and 1966. It was demolished in 1977.

Contents

History

The glass St. Enoch Centre on the site of the old St Enoch mainline station in 2005, with the former St Enoch Subway station (now converted into a café) on the right

Located on St Enoch Square in the city centre, it was opened by the City of Glasgow Union Railway, in 1876.[1][2] The first passenger train stopped there on 1 May 1876 and the official opening took place on 17 October 1876.[2]

In 1883 it was taken over by the Glasgow and South Western Railway (G&SWR) and it became their head quarters.[2] Services ran to most parts of the G&SWR system, including Ayr, Dumfries, Carlisle, Kilmarnock and Stranraer. In partnership with the Midland Railway, through services also ran to England, using the Settle and Carlisle Railway from Carlisle to Leeds, Sheffield, Derby and London St Pancras.

It was the site of a rail crash in 1903 in which 16 passengers were killed and 64 injured when a train overran the buffers. In the 1923 grouping it was taken over and then operated by the London Midland and Scottish Railway. After the nationalisation of the United Kingdom rail network, the station was run by British Railways.

Model of station at the Glasgow Museum of Transport
The former St. Enoch Station Clock at the Antonine Centre in Cumbernauld.

It was a large station with 12 platforms and two impressive semi-cylindrical glass/iron roofed train sheds. The station was closed on 27 June 1966[1] as part of the rationalisation of the railway system undertaken by Dr Richard Beeching; upon closure its 250 trains and 23,000 passengers a day were diverted to Central.[3] The roofs of the structure were demolished, despite protests, in 1977.[4] The clock that was suspended from the roof of the station was saved from destruction and is now on display in Cumbernauld Town Centre.[5]

The St Enoch Hotel which fronted the station was also demolished in 1977.[4]

Current site

The site of the station is now occupied by another glass structure, the St Enoch Centre, a large shopping centre. The remains of the station and hotel were used to help in fill the Queen's Dock, today the home of the Scottish Exhibition and Conference Centre (SECC).[4]

The red sandstone ticket hall which stands in St Enoch Square immediately west of the shopping centre is not part of the former rail station, but is the former ticket hall for the adjacent St Enoch subway station on the Glasgow Subway.

Though the mainline station is gone, parts of the arcaded approach embankments (now containing shops and restaurants) can be seen to the east of the shopping centre's car park on Osborne Street.[6] Although these currently go nowhere, they once connected with the Glasgow City Union Railway and the City Union Bridge of 1899 which still spans the River Clyde.

Dunlop Street railway station

St Enoch station replaced a previous station close by called Glasgow Dunlop Street, which was opened by the City of Glasgow Union Railway on 12 December 1870[1] and closed by the Glasgow and South Western Railway the same day St Enoch opened.[1]

Services

[v · d · e]Glasgow Central & St Enoch approaches
Legend
Continuation backward
City of Glasgow Union Railway
Hub
Head station + Hub
Straight track
Glasgow Central
Unknown BSicon "tCONTr" Unknown BSicon "tSTRq"
Unknown BSicon "tBHFq" + Hub
Unknown BSicon "KRZt" Unknown BSicon "tSTRq" Unknown BSicon "tSTRq" Unknown BSicon "KRZt" Unknown BSicon "tCONTl"
Glasgow Central Railway
Straight track Unknown BSicon "exKBHFl" Unknown BSicon "eABZgr+r"
St Enoch
Transverse water Transverse water Bridge over water Transverse water Transverse water Bridge over water
River Clyde
Straight track Unknown BSicon "ENDEa" Straight track
-- parts of former station reused as carriage sidings
Unknown BSicon "eCPICl" Unknown BSicon "eCPICr" Straight track
Glasgow Bridge Street
Junction from left Track turning right Straight track
Continuation to left Transverse track Junction to right Straight track
Glasgow and Paisley Joint Railway
Continuation to left Transverse track Unknown BSicon "KRZu" Unknown BSicon "eBHFq" Unknown BSicon "eBHFq" Unknown BSicon "xABZrf"
Cumberland Street || Main Street
Track turning from left Junction to right Unknown BSicon "exBHF"
Gorbals
Unknown BSicon "eCPICl" Unknown BSicon "eCPICr" Unknown BSicon "exKBHFa" Unknown BSicon "exSTR"
Eglinton Street || Southside
Straight track Enter tunnel Unknown BSicon "exABZrg" Unknown BSicon "exSTRrf"
Straight track Unknown BSicon "tSTRlf" Enter transverse tunnel to right Unknown BSicon "xKRZo" Track turning from right
Continuation to left Enter transverse tunnel to left Unknown BSicon "KRZt" Unknown BSicon "tSTRq" Enter transverse tunnel to right Unknown BSicon "xKRZo" Unknown BSicon "ABZdl" Continuation to right
Polloc and Govan Railway
Continuation to left Track turning from right Junction to left Track turning from right Unknown BSicon "xABZrg" Track turning right
General Terminus and Glasgow Harbour Railway
Track turning left Junction from right Station on track Straight track
Pollokshields East
Track turning from left Junction to right Track turning left Transverse track Unknown BSicon "KRZo" Continuation to right
Cathcart District Railway
Station on track Junction from left Transverse track Transverse track Track turning right
Pollokshields West
Straight track Unknown BSicon "eBHF"
Strathbungo
Straight track Continuation forward
Glasgow, Barrhead and Kilmarnock Joint Railway
Continuation forward
Cathcart District Railway
Preceding station Historical railways Following station
Terminus   North British Railway

 City of Glasgow Union Railway

  Gallowgate
Terminus   Glasgow and South Western Railway

 Glasgow, Barrhead and Neilston Direct Railway

  Gorbals
Terminus   Glasgow and South Western Railway

 City of Glasgow Union Railway

  Main Street

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Butt (1995), page 103
  2. ^ a b c Thomas (1971)
  3. ^ "Passengers centralised". Railway Magazine 112 (784): 429. August 1966. 
  4. ^ a b c Williams (1999)
  5. ^ Seen in the 1981 film Gregory's Girl
  6. ^ "Aerial view of Osborne Street, Glasgow showing approach viaduct to the extinct St Enoch Station". http://maps.google.co.uk/maps?f=q&hl=en&geocode=&q=55.855787,+-4.246243&ie=UTF8&ll=55.855889,-4.246259&spn=0.002349,0.007231&t=h&z=17&om=0. Retrieved February 10, 2008. 

Sources

  • Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1-8526-0508-1. OCLC 60251199. 
  • Johnston, Colin; Hulme, John H. (1979). Glasgow Stations (1st ed.). Newton Abbott, Devon: David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-7569-5. OCLC 6091133. 
  • Jowett, Alan (March 1989). Jowett's Railway Atlas of Great Britain and Ireland: From Pre-Grouping to the Present Day (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1-8526-0086-1. OCLC 22311137. 
  • Thomas, John (1971). A Regional History of the Railways of Great Britain. Volume VI Scotland: The Lowlands and the Borders (1st ed.). Newton Abbot, Devon: David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-5408-6. OCLC 16198685. 
  • Thomas, John; Paterson, Rev A.J.S. (1984). A Regional History of the Railways of Great Britain. Volume VI Scotland: The Lowlands and the Borders (2nd ed.). Newton Abbott, Devon: David & Charles. ISBN 0-9465-3712-7. OCLC 12521072. 
  • Williams, David (January 1999). The Glasgow guide : guided walks through old and new Glasgow. Edinburgh: Canongate. ISBN 0-8624-1840-2. OCLC 40685704. 

External links


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