- Tkuma (political party)
Tkuma was established in 1998 when
Hanan Poratand Zvi Hendelleft the National Religious Party. At first the new party was named "Emunim" (Hebrew: אמונים, "Trust"), but was later renamed Tkuma. Together with Moledetand Herut – The National Movementthey formed the National Union, which won four seats in the 1999 elections.
For the 2003 elections
Yisrael Beiteinujoined the National Union (though Herut left), with its increased support helping to win 7 seats. The party was included in Ariel Sharon's coalition alongside Likud, Shinui, the National Religious Partyand Yisrael BaAliyah.
Because of tensions over the withdrawal from the Gaza Strip (Tkuma was ideologically opposed, particularly because Hendel lived in the Gaza settlement of
Gush Katif), National Union ministers Binyamin Elonand Avigdor Liebermanwere sacked, the former after attempting to avoid his fate by hiding, and the party left the coalition. However, the National Union was bolstered by the addition of Ahi which had split off from the National Religious Party when they decided remained in the coalition.
Before the 2006 elections Yisrael Beiteinu left the alliance to fight the election alone. However, at the last minute the National Religious Party decided to join the alliance, which won nine seats, two of which were allocated to Tkuma and taken by Hendel and
* [http://www.tkuma.org.il Official Tkuma website (in Hebrew)]
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